This book reports the latest development and trends in the low Re number
aerodynamics, transition from laminar to turbulence, unsteady low Reynolds number
flows, experimental studies, numerical transition modelling, control of low Re number
flows, and MAV wing aerodynamics. This book focuses particularly on: (1) a review
and brief information study on low Reynolds number flows and transition as an
introduction to low Re number aerodynamics (Chapter 1), (2) transition modelling
(Chapters 2-4), flow control (Chapters 5-7).
Vài nét sơ lược về Philip Selznick: - Philip Selznick (sinh năm 1919) là giáo sư luật học và xã hội học tại Đại học California, Berkeley . Một tác giả nổi tiếng về lý thuyết tổ chức , xã hội học của pháp luật và hành chính công. - Trong số các ấn phẩm của Giáo sư Selznick quan trọng nhất là TVA and the Grass Roots; The Organizational Weapon; Leadership in Administration; Law and Society in Transition: Toward Responsive Law và The Moral Commonwealth..
Wetland ecosystems are a natural resource of global significance.Historically,
their high level of plant and animal (especially bird) diversity is perhaps the
major reason why wetland protection has become a high priority worldwide,
supported by international agreements, such as the Ramsar Convention and
the International Convention of Biological Diversity (Fig. 1.1).
The initial idea to develop this project was born when we were
working together on a series of contributions focused on political
economy issues of taxation in dif erent areas of the world. Our task
was to describe the main political factors which played a major
role in the design of the tax system and in the implementation of
tax reforms in some specii c countries.
This document on Environmental Impact Assessment and Strategic Environmental Assessment:
Towards an Integrated Approach updates the earlier UNEP publication on Environmental
Impact Assessment: Issues, Trends and Practice. As before, it provides a companion volume
to the UNEP EIA Training Resource Manual issued in an updated and revised edition
Environmental Impact Assessment and Strategic Environmental Assessment: Towards an
Integrated Approach also may be read on its own by those who want a comprehensive
introduction to this subject.
The group formation algorithm deals with message loss
by allowing every state in the finite state machine to time
out while having a minimal effect on other nodes. For ex-
ample, if a master node does not hear back from enough
neighbors, it will time out (shown as TO in Figure 2) and
transition back into the Need Group state. Nodes that had
responded to the master cannot respond to any other master
until they hear back from the current one. If they never hear
back, they time out and go back to the Need Group state.
The algorithm adds some...
This guide provides practical guidelines for policy makers on how best to review the process of policy
development and establish strategic plans for micro, small and medium enterprise development. It is a
further tool and reference source for all policy makers and actors dealing with small businesses, especially
in transition countries seeking to further develop their market economies.
Private sector development relies on a partnership between the private and public sectors.
This raises the issue of the measurement of the informal sector, which is known to be substantial in
transition and developing countries. In the former Soviet Union countries it is estimated to contribute
between 20 and 40 per cent of GDP. Even in the European Union (EU) there is considerable informal activity:
in Italy, for example, it has been estimated to contribute between 10 and 20 per cent of GDP. It has been
estimated that the informal sector contributes some nine trillion ‘undetected’ dollars to global GDP.
This FY 2013 budget builds upon current efforts to transition toward using 21 Century
technology in enforcement and compliance, resulting in long-term savings to the federal
government, states, and the regulated community as the overall cost of compliance is reduced.
Investments in new technology, including e-reporting and more advanced monitoring tools, will
allow the EPA and our state partners to more easily identify, investigate, and address the worst
violations that affect our communities.
Although significant declines in fertility have occurred in most regions of the
world, these have recently slowed in several countries. In many sub-Saharan
African countries the fertility transition remains in its early stages. National
level fertility declines also disguise significant variations within countries. Poor
and rural populations often have the least access to family planning informa-
tion and services, and thus the highest fertility rates.
Gerard Manley Hopkins was born in Stratford, East London in July 1844.
Situated just beyond the metropolitan boundary, then, as now, the area
was changing rapidly. With the arrival of the Great Eastern Railway’s
locomotive works it was “cut up in all directions by branches of railways”
(Olsen 1976: 275-6) but also suffered, as Norman White points
out, as a consequence of London’s environmental diligence.
Power comes in many guises. Among them is the power to set the terms of the debate,
to structure the patterns of thought and language, the fundamental taken-for-granted
assumptions, which shape our approaches to problems and solutions. If, indeed, the current
situation is untenable, if the dominant categories no longer address the dominant problems,
then these terms must be challenged and opened to new debate and directions.
a-Bisabolol is a natural monocyclic sesquiterpene alcohol. It has been used
in cosmetics for hundreds of years because of its perceived skin-healing
properties. a-Bisabolol is known to have anti-irritant, anti-inflammatory
and antimicrobial properties. In precedent studies, we described how
a-bisabolol exerts a selective pro-apoptotic action towards transformed cells
[Cavalieri E et al.
Histor y of Data Access
Over the years, many APIs have been released, all of which work toward the goal of providing universal data access. Universal data access is the concept of having a single code base for accessing data from any source, from any language. Having universal data access is important for four reasons: First, developers can easily work on applications targeting different data stores without needing to become experts on each one.
AT THE transition to the new millennium the future of nuclear energy looks
brighter. Nuclear power plants worldwide have operated safely.
Applications for extension of reactor operating licenses in the U.S. are in
place and construction is continuing abroad.
Uses of isotopes and radiation in applications to medicine, research, and
industry continue to assure human benefit. Research and development are
active in the areas of controlled fusion, accelerator uses, isotope separation,
space exploration, and excess weapons material disposition.
Internetworks come in a variety of topologies and levels of complexity—from single-protocol,
point-to-point links connecting cross-town campuses, to highly meshed, large-scale wide-area
networks (WANs) traversing multiple time zones and international boundaries. The industry trend is
toward increasingly complex environments, involving multiple media types, multiple protocols, and
often interconnection to “unknown” networks. Unknown networks may be defined as a transit
network belonging to a Internet service provider (ISP) or a telco that interconnects your private
China’s rural financial system has changed dramatically over the last twenty five years, but rural
financial reforms were lagging behind changes in the real economy and required further economic
transition. As in other countries moving towards a market economy, the reform of banking systems
and the creation of efficient financial markets in China continues to be among the most difficult
reform issues. Poorly functioning official financial markets push rural population to rely on informal
This volume, of a two volume set on ionic liquids, focuses on the applications of ionic liquids in a growing range of areas. Throughout the 1990s, it seemed that most of the attention in the area of ionic liquids applications was directed toward their use as solvents for organic and transition-metal-catalyzed reactions. Certainly, this interest continues on to the present date, but the most innovative uses of ionic liquids span a much more diverse field than just synthesis.
Targets also move dramatically over time. SME development policies in Western Europe, for example,
focused on employment creation in the late 1980s and early 1990s. By the end of the century the emphasis
had changed to international competitiveness and innovation. As a result, policy targets moved towards
technology issues and creation of an enterprise culture. In transition economies a major focus has been upon
creating an enabling environment for the market economy.
It is clear that contemporary ﬁlms have a quicker pace than those 50 years ago, although
ﬁlms from the end of the silent era had ASLs not much different from 1995 ﬁlms (Salt 2009).
Cuts constitute almost 99% of the transitions between shots in contemporary ﬁlm(Cutting
et al 2011a), and given that Mital et al (2010) have shown that cuts affect eye movements,
generally causing saccades towards the middle of the screen, it is clear that more quickly
paced ﬁlms demand a reorientation of visual attention to a degree that older ﬁlms do not....