About 155,000 cubic meters of waste contaminated with both radioactive isotopes and hazardous chemicals are stored at some 30 DOE sites, and another 450,000 cubic meters are buried. While DOE is making a concerted effort to properly dispose of this waste, the amount translates to a multi-decade effort that will require handling, characterizing, and shipping hundreds of thousands of waste containers at a total cost of billions of dollars. This report describes basic scientific research that can lead to new technologies for performing these tasks more safely and cost effectively....
We prove that a typical interval exchange transformation is either weakly mixing or it is an irrational rotation. We also conclude that a typical translation ﬂow on a typical translation surface of genus g ≥ 2 (with prescribed singularity types) is weakly mixing.
Statistical machine translation is often faced with the problem of combining training data from many diverse sources into a single translation model which then has to translate sentences in a new domain. We propose a novel approach, ensemble decoding, which combines a number of translation systems dynamically at the decoding step. In this paper, we evaluate performance on a domain adaptation setting where we translate sentences from the medical domain.
We propose a mixed language query disambiguation approach by using co-occurrence information from monolingual data only. A mixed language query consists of words in a primary language and a secondary language. Our method translates the query into monolingual queries in either language. Two novel features for disambiguation, namely contextual word voting and 1-best contextual word, are introduced and compared to a baseline feature, the nearest neighbor. Average query translation accuracy for the two features are 81.37% and 83.72%, compared to the baseline accuracy of 75.50%. ...
In this paper, we present a new method for learning to finding translations and transliterations on the Web for a given term. The approach involves using a small
set of terms and translations to obtain mixed-code snippets from a search engine, and automatically annotating the snippets with tags and features for training a conditional random field model.
In this paper, we present a novel approach to integrate speech recognition and rulebased machine translation by lattice parsing. The presented approach is hybrid in two senses. First, it combines structural and statistical methods for language modeling task. Second, it employs a chart parser which utilizes manually created syntax rules in addition to scores obtained after statistical processing during speech recognition. The employed chart parser is a uniﬁcation-based active chart parser. It can parse word graphs by using a mixed strategy instead of being bottom-up or top-down only.
About one year ago the book “Chemical Micro Process Engineering – Fundamentals,
Modelling, and Reactions” was released by the author team Hessel, Hardt and
Löwe. It described the fundamentals of the new technology and presented in detail
applications concerning organic and inorganic reactions as well as gas-phase
reactions. Thus, it provided insights for the readers how mature are today’s micro
reactors for real-world applications. What was missing is the processing before
and after such experiments....
But up to now not only few but also rather inadequate empirical segmentation studies of
these markets have been carri ed out and published. So, this book will present the results
of a newer and better designed segmentation study of Chinese consumer goods markets.
This study identifies and characterizes 12 market segments that are internally
homogeneous and externally heterogeneous with regard to the product related needs and
wants of their members. Moreover, it explains the possibilities of a segment specific
tailoring of some other elements of the marketing mix.
Information about plant genetic diversity is necessary for the development of appropriate
strategies in conservation biology as well as in many other applied fields. From a basic
evolutionary standpoint, genetic diversity is assumed to be crucial for the evolutionary
potential of a species. Research programs that aim to investigate population structure
provide evolutionary insights into the demographic patterns of diverse organisms (Milligan
et al., 1994).
The main objective of this study is to review the present marketing mix applies particularly to the marketing. This study
provides an idea to the marketers and can be used as tools to assist them in pursuing their marketing objectives. Borden
(1965) claims to be the first to have used the term marketing mix and that it was suggested to him by Culliton’s (1948).
McCarthy (1964) offered marketing mix, often referred to as the 4Ps, as a means of translating marketing planning into
practice (Bennett, 1997).
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Interprofessional collaborative practice within cancer teams: Translating evidence into action. A mixed methods study protocol
Building engineering physics comprises a unique mix of heat and mass transfer
physics, materials science, meteorology, construction technology and human
physiology necessary to solve problems in designing high performance
buildings. Add to this the requirement for creative design and rigorous
engineering analysis, and it can be seen that building engineering physics is
quite distinct from any of the established applied science or construction
The fourth lysine of histone H3 is post-translationally modified by a methyl
group via the action of histone methyltransferase, and such a covalent
modification is associated with transcriptionally active and⁄or repressed
chromatin states. Thus, histone H3 lysine 4 methylation has a crucial role
in maintaining normal cellular functions.
If the items are whole parts then it is relatively simple for an expert to identify the specimen:
usually a natural history museum, botanic garden or university would be most appropriate.
Identification may involve simple morphological studies or microscopic examination. Once a
specimen has been processed to any degree, identification becomes more difficult. If ingredients
have been highly processed and mixed with other ingredients, only sophisticated forensic
techniques can hope to provide a definitive answer that will be acceptable in court.
Despite a well-articulated policy framework
and effective use of the SWAp structure to
coordinate donor activities through technical
working groups, there are difficulties in
achieving translation of SRH policy into
decentralised operations at district level.
While progress with maternal and neonatal
mortality rates is encouraging, they remain
unacceptably high, and with life expectancy
at birth only 54 years for females and 52
years for males, and HIV prevalence at 12% in
young pregnant women, the challenges are
There are a number of systems that use a syntax-based reordering step prior to phrasebased statistical MT. An early work proposing this idea showed improved translation performance, but subsequent work has had mixed results. Speculations as to cause have suggested the parser, the data, or other factors. We systematically investigate possible factors to give an initial answer to the question: Under what conditions does this use of syntax help PSMT?