The rancho is situated in northwestern Michoacán. The map in Figure 1 shows the drive between Chicago and the rancho and locates Michoacán in western Mexico, bordering Guanajuato and Jalisco, two other states, like Michoacán (and especially northwest Michoacán),with heavy migration to Chicago.
he specific country cultures are not only different in regard to their health systems, but also in integrating gender aspects in research, policy and practice. The very definitions of health, illness and health related social problems are different. If networks focus on gender specific aspects of health and illness, the necessity for transnational communication is evident.
The resulting product profited from further input from Mark
Stern and Susan Seifert, Joan Shigekawa of the Rockefeller
Foundation, and TRF staff, Patricia Smith, Margaret Berger
Bradley, Ira Goldstein, Julia Serbulov and Alissa Weiss. A special
thank you as well to David Bradley for his collaborative editorial
contribution. Arts practitioners, developers and policy analysts
who participated in a one-day convening in June 2007 also
contributed greatly to our understanding of these issues.
The collaboration also resulted in five briefs.
A growing trend in transnational social
movements is the joint efforts of migrants to
maintain and foster links with their places of
origin through the creation and organization of
‘hometown associations’ (HTAs). HTAs are
established not only in response to the social and
cultural challenges faced by new immigrants in
adjusting to life in a foreign country, but also to
fund small-scale development projects in home
communities through collective remittances.
The strategic communications audit should result in more than just an
identification of areas or practices that need to be improved. To maximize the
chances that audit findings will be used and actual practice improved as a result,
the audit should:
Demonstrate through data how communications problems are causing
problems in the present (as opposed to speculating about their future
impact). At the same time, the audit should reinforce practices that are
current organizational strengths.
However, it must be kept in mind that HTAs are
only one of several options through which
diasporas maintain links with and help their
communities of origin. Immigrant entrepreneurs are
also ‘social actors’, who participate actively in
At the labour levels, workers continue relocating because of labour demands, usually in developed
countries, economic distress in their home countries, or a combination of both. In addition, families are
increasingly becoming transnational with relatives living in more than one country, reuniting, visiting
regularly, while maintaining a transnational network of communic ation (Faist, 2000).
In a broad sense, land grabbing is not a new phenomenon.
It has been a recurrent pattern in human history. Neverthe-
less, over the last few years, a new type of land grabbing has
arisen, and these shifts in land acquisition trends have caught
the attention of the international community. One of the re-
cent changes is that not only agribusiness in its narrow sense
(producing sector) has an increased interest in land, but also
transnational corporations upstream and downstream the value