Transport and control mechanisms

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  • The discussion of the properties of relative international prices has been closely tied with a discussion on the nature of the pricing decisions by ¯rms. 5 The observed slow pass-through of exchange rate changes to consumer prices and deviations from the law of one price for traded goods are consistent with prices of imported goods that are sticky in the currency of the consumer (local currency pricing). This pricing mechanism, however, dampens the expenditure-switching e®ect of nominal exchange rate movements.

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  • Indeed, in the presence of predictability in fund risk loadings and benchmark returns, optimal portfolios consist entirely of actively managed funds even when the possibility of manager skills in stock selection and benchmark timing is ruled out. That is, actively managed funds allow the investor to capitalize on predictability in benchmarks and fund risk loadings in a way that cannot be achieved through long-only index fund positions. We now turn to analyze predictability in manager skills.

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  • Hexabromobenzene (HBB) has been used as a flame retardant in polymers, plastics, textiles, wood and paper. Its primary uses have been reported in the plastics, paper and electrical industries (Bruchajzer et al., 2004). U.S. production/import volume was listed as 10,000- 500,000 pounds for 1998, but no information is available beyond that time (U.S. EPA, 2002). In addition to its use as a flame retardant, HBB is a thermal decomposition product of octa- and decaBDEs and hexabromobiphenyl (as cited in Bruchajzer et al., 2004).

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  • Although the chapters included in this book are all addressing protein interactions, we try to separate them into two parts according to their objectives. Chapters in part 1 mainly focus on the investigation of some specific protein-protein or protein-nucleic acid interactions, and try to elucidate the mechanism of specific cellular processes. Part 1 provides some insight of why and how to study protein interactions, and illustrates some approaches to modulate protein interactions.

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  • In order to attract the best engineers of each generation to one of the most urgent fields of engineering development we must embed understanding not just of the challenges, but the opportunities, within the collective consciousness of the public through the mass media. We must design a career path that is desired by young professionals, accredited by institutions and that will afford recognition and esteem. We must develop university courses that will excite and entice students to address the challenge of creating a low carbon world.

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  • For the purposes of excluding pregnancy, the CEU would advise that hormonal, intrauterine and barrier methods can be considered reliable providing they have been used consistently and correctly on every incidence of intercourse. This should be assessed on an individual basis. Quick starting may also mean starting a method immediately after the administration of emergency contraception (EC). In this situation there is a possibility of EC failure and pregnancy, therefore such practice would always be outside the licence of hormonal contraceptives.

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  • In the box published in October, we focused primarily on forecasts made for European economies in early 2010. The reason was simple: A number of large multiyear fiscal consolidation plans were announced then, particularly in Europe, and conditions for larger- than-normal multipliers were ripe. First, because of the binding zero lower bound on nominal interest rates, central banks could not cut interest rates to offset the negative short-term effects of a fiscal consolidation on economic activity.

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  • On the theoretical side, the available inflationary models may be also evaluated with respect to their “cost”, ie. against what one gets from a given model in relation to what one puts in! Our approach does not introduce new fields, beyond those already present in gravity and supergravity. We also exploit (super)gravity interactions only,ie. do not introduce new interactions, in order to describe inflation. Before going into details, let me address two common prejudices and objections.

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  • The regression results do not support the hypothesis that emissions from the two maquiladoras disproportionately affect the poor. The coefficients for CONCENTRATION is only significantly different from zero in one of the four models—that for uncontrolled emissions from the iron foundry. However, the sign is negative. This implies that higher PM10 concentrations are typically found in wealthier AGEBs, not in poorer ones. Thus, overall, we find no evidence that emissions from the two maquiladoras in our sample disproportionately affect the poor.

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  • The online survey ran from mid August to mid October 2011, targeting16 men and women of all ages from all 22 Arab countries. We received 469 full responses, and 62% of these were from women. At the national level, we highlight three Arab countries—Saudi Arabia, Egypt and the UAE17 —to illustrate similarities and variations between country responses. The typical respondent was aged between 15 and 40 years old, holding at least a bachelor’s degree (with 40% holding master’s degrees).

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  • Alberta’s energy industry has been using the technology for more than 20 years as a method of producing oil from depleted fields. That means Alberta has the current technology and experience needed for wider-scale implementation. We also know CCS has the potential to significantly reduce Alberta’s industrial GHGs—particularly in the oil sands. Research shows the province’s geology is well-suited for storage.

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  • Most raw ingredients will be labelled in bags, boxes or jars if in shipments, warehouses or in storerooms of pharmacies and retail outlets. The first step to identifying an ingredient is to compare the Roman, pinyin and/or Chinese characters to the name list in this guide. It is a matter of comparison and familiarisation with the characters and pinyin. If raw ingredients are not labelled and not obviously of interest (such as an animal horn or bones), it is best to refer to an expert or accept that identification is probably not possible.

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  • The natural question is whether these heterogeneous expectations co-evolve into homogeneous rational-expectations beliefs, upholding the efficient-market theory, or whether richer individual and collective behavior emerges, upholding the traders’ viewpoint and explaining the empirical market phenomena mentioned above. We answer this not analytically—our model with its fully heterogeneous expectations it is too complicated to admit of analytical solutions—but computationally.

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  • In practice, there are a number of problems with the use of market structure and regulatory indicators to measure competitiveness which also apply in the context of the EAC. 3 For one, market structure is not exogenous since market structure itself can be affected by firms’ performance. Second, interpreting these measures requires some judgment on what should be the optimal structure of the banking system.

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  • User Choice and Control. Similarly, project and process management are impacted by this type of effort. For example, departments may find it easy to buy public cloud infrastructure services on a corporate credit card for some projects. While this may be part of your plan, it must be managed by IT. Otherwise, users can circumvent IT’s oversight of service-level, corporate policy, and compliance requirements. IT should participate in the approval and procurement processes to ensure the corporate good. Demand.

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  • Vietnam has been reforming its forest management in favour of household and local organization (Barney 2005). The government increasingly gives local people the right to manage the forests. Unfortunately, in this changing environment, recognition of local people’s rights is still limited and local knowledge and perspectives are rarely taken into account by the state institutions implementing land titling and decentralization. The challenge is to better inform each stakeholder on the perspectives of people living in and near the forest on the natural resources and landscapes.

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  • Most of the South Asian and Pacific countries have similarities in setting the policy and execution of dairy and beef cattle genetic improvement programmes. Historically, governments have played a major role in cattle farming and breeding activities; nowadays, however, the initiatives of the private sector or of non-government organizations are modifying the needs of farmers for support from the government. About 90% of the contribution of the livestock sector is from small holders and this proportion is highly consistent across countries.

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  • This system is financed through a mixture of public and private insurance and out-of-pocket payments by families, especially for mental, developmental, and oral health services that are not well covered by insurance.Many services are pro- vided within the traditional health care sector (doctors’ offices, hospitals, and clinics); however, some services such as mental health services take place outside the health care sector in schools and in child care and community centers, further fragmenting delivery pathways and complicating access.

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  • In 2010 a national body was established to meet the future challenges of providing a health workforce that responds to the needs of the Australian community. Health Workforce Australia (HWA) will develop policy and deliver programs across four main areas—workforce planning, policy, and research; clinical education; innovation and reform of the health workforce; and the recruitment and retention of international health professionals. HWA has commenced work to develop a national training plan (NTP) for a number of health professionals, including nurses and midwives.

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  • Soil erosion is a hazard traditionally associated with agriculture in tropical and semi-arid areas and is important for its long-term effects on soil productivity and sustainable agriculture. It is, however, a problem of wider significance occurring additionally on land devoted to forestry, transport and recreation. Erosion also leads to environmental damage through sedimentation, pollution and increased flooding. The costs associated with the movement and deposition of sediment in the landscape frequently outweigh those arising from the long-term loss of soil in eroding fields.

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