Transportation economics

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  • This Publication is concerned with the vital subject of business logistics and supply chain management, an area that can be essential to a firm’s competitive strategy and revenue generation. This management area has been described by many names, including physical distribution, materials management, transportation management, logistics, and supply chain management. Relevant business activities may include one or more of the following areas: transportation, inventory, order processing, purchasing, warehousing, materials handling, packaging, customer service standards, and production....

    pdf30p conrepcon 12-04-2012 107 53   Download

  • Tourism is big business and getting bigger. In the 20 years from1980 to 2000 global tourism receipts increased at an annual rate of nearly 8 per cent, much faster than the rate of world economic growth of around 3 per cent. In 2000, income from tourism combined with passenger transport totaled more than $575 billion, making this sector the world number one export earner, ahead of automotive production, chemicals, petroleum and food (UNEP web site1).

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  • C H A P T E R F I F T E E N Urban Transport Economic Theory 15.1 INTRODUCTION Although the transportation sector constitutes a small share of total production (about 3 percent of GDP in the United States), transportation costs play a critical role in the formation and workings of cities.

    pdf16p thegun16 24-11-2010 51 16   Download

  • The past three decades have brought sweeping changes to the i eld of transportation. In the United States and other developed nations, deregulation and greater reliance on markets and the private sector has helped to reconi gure the transport industries. The rise of intermodal goods movements and global commerce has produced efi ciencies of operation and a greater interdependence among transport modes.

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  • P A R T IV Urban Transportation Transportation economics is a well-defined field of economics. Its subfields can be categorized along three dimensions: transport mode, passenger/freight, and supply/demand/policy; maritime freight supply is therefore a subfield

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  • Globalization has forever changed the way we develop, communicate, and learn. Globalization has also launched the new challenges and opportunities fundamentally affect our economic prosperity and government policy, along with its related parties, making judgments and decisions about the future. The new world of change requires new ways of thinking about transportation, including thinking about new tools, new alliances, and a new architecture.

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  • Sediment Transport in Aquatic Environments is a book which covers a wide range of topics. The effective management of many aquatic environments, requires a detailed understanding of sediment dynamics. This has both environmental and economic implications, especially where there is any anthropogenic involvement. Numerical models are often the tool used for predicting the transport and fate of sediment movement in these situations, as they can estimate the various spatial and temporal fluxes.

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  • Thousands of years ago European’s were transporting tin from Cornwall in southwest England to Crete in the eastern Mediterranean to create bronze by alloying tin and copper to create a new and more useful metal allow. Thousands of years from now humans we will still be using metals.

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  • Development of efficient and effective road network is the most important policy agenda for sustainable urban area development and growth in the study area. Urban area has been quickly expanding towards the outer areas along major roads. Dramatic population increase expected in the future requires a huge amount of urban areas for housing and other socio-economic activities. In order to support and guide these development demands properly, well articulated road network is the must.

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  • In order to assess the current and future transport situation from the economic and financial point of view, vehicle operating cost (VOC) was estimated by type of vehicle. The vehicle classification is consistent with that adopted in the traffic count surveys conducted in the Study. 

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  • Knowing how people travel is essential in formulating any transport master plan, short-term action plan or feasibility study for that matter. One of the best ways of obtaining this data is by conducting a Household Interview Survey (HIS), that is, directly interviewing members of the sample household and asking them about their daily travel routine as well as looking into relevant socio-economic factors.

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  • Since other public investments can provide greater short-term employment and business activity per dollar spent, transportation projects would not be selected if economic stimulation were the only objective. Transportation investments justified if they also increase future economic productivity by reducing business transportation costs, such as traffic congestion and energy consumption, or achieve other objectives such as improved mobility for non-drivers.

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  • The technical report covers the overall aspects related to urban and regional planning in the study area, including current urbanization and socio-economic conditions, housing and industrial development, land conditions, and institutional aspects. 

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  • Sediment Transport Processes and their Modelling Applications is a book which covers a wide range of topics. The effective management of many aquatic environments, requires a detailed understanding of sediment dynamics. This has both environmental and economic implications, especially where there is any anthropogenic involvement. Numerical models are often the tool used for predicting the transport and fate of sediment movement in these situations, as they can estimate the various spatial and temporal fluxes.

    pdf388p lyly_5 22-03-2013 20 4   Download

  • Capital investment in public transportation supports purchases of equipment and facilities (including rolling stock, tracks, other guideways, rights- of-way, control equipment, and construction of terminals, stations, parking lots, maintenance facilities and power generating facilities).

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  • Major objectives of the next generation space transportation system (STS) are outlined and discussed.Although the initial impetus for considering a new STS stems from a need for cost reduction in space operations, other objectives related to flexibility and versatility of the transportation system may ultimately be just as important as the economics.A number of the major objectives in the areas of......

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  • Critics sometimes point out that public transit requires more public subsidy per passenger-mile than automobile travel, but this comparison is unfair (“Transit Evaluation,” VTPI 2009). About half of transit subsidies are intended to provide basic mobility (service at times and locations with low demand, and special services for people with disabilities), which requires large subsidy per passenger-mile. Transit operates on major urban corridors where any form of transport is costly to provide.

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  • This primer presents some promising and innovative mileage fee system designs and transition strategies. For states or localities that are just beginning to consider the idea of mileage fees, awareness of these strategies can help determine whether shifting from fuel taxes to mileage fees

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  • Publisher: OECD PublishingPublished Time: OECD PublishingPages: 136Over the past decades many OECD countries have become more decentralised. ECMT member transition countries follow this example or are strongly advised to do so. Are the expected economic benefits justified in the domain of transport policy? Has the experience of transport policy decentralisation been positive? The Round Tab......

    pdf0p anhnangmuahe2013 15-03-2013 16 1   Download

  • The significance of cities as highly productive centres of our increasingly service-oriented economy is growing. Transport networks must be able to support the economic growth, growing populations and diverse expectations of urban activity (including tourism). There is clear global evidence that a comprehensive and well-performing transport system is an important enabler of sustained economic prosperity.

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