Xem 1-20 trên 32 kết quả Transportation funding
  • This primer presents some promising and innovative mileage fee system designs and transition strategies. For states or localities that are just beginning to consider the idea of mileage fees, awareness of these strategies can help determine whether shifting from fuel taxes to mileage fees

    pdf0p xuancoem 04-02-2013 11 1   Download

  • Indeed, in the presence of predictability in fund risk loadings and benchmark returns, optimal portfolios consist entirely of actively managed funds even when the possibility of manager skills in stock selection and benchmark timing is ruled out. That is, actively managed funds allow the investor to capitalize on predictability in benchmarks and fund risk loadings in a way that cannot be achieved through long-only index fund positions. We now turn to analyze predictability in manager skills.

    pdf160p quaivatdo 19-11-2012 30 5   Download

  • Nowadays, Information and Communication Systems Technologies are rapidly expanding in order to fulfill the increased needs of our demanding modern Information Society. More and more fundings are invested every year for the development of new, innovative and technologically advanced Information Systems that will be efficient enough to satisfy users’ requirements and be adaptive enough so as to cooperate with the cutting‐edge aspects of IT and mobile technologies.

    pdf174p wqwqwqwqwq 06-07-2012 31 7   Download

  • A fully integrated and interconnected European Single Market covering telecoms, energy and transport is a prerequisite for competitiveness, jobs and growth. Achieving this requires affordable, accessible, efficient and secure network infrastructure. Accelerating the roll out of the digital economy will bring benefits across all sectors, through enhanced productivity, efficiency and innovation.

    pdf26p lenh_hoi_xung 01-03-2013 28 6   Download

  • Irish IFs are owned mainly by non-residents, with 26 per cent held by other euro area residents and 68 per cent held by those outside the euro area and just 6 per cent owned by Irish residents. This breakdown reflects a significant move in ownership away from euro area residents to the rest of the world over recent quarters. Similarly most assets owned by Irish resident IFs are domiciled outside the state. When unclassified assets are excluded, just 9.4 per cent of capital is invested in Irish assets, 13.5 per cent invested...

    pdf15p hongphuocidol 04-04-2013 17 6   Download

  • Foreign investors are significant players in the equity market. Indeed, foreigners are majority investors, especially, in public offering market. Most non-resident investors are domiciled in the U.S. and Europe, introducing an important link between the offering market and conditions overseas (see Figure 5). In August and September 2011, for example, there was no share issuance––several public offerings were canceled or postponed due to investors’ concerns on contagion risks from the euro zone.

    pdf20p hongphuocidol 04-04-2013 17 6   Download

  • The IDB began its study thinking the funds had a major impact on em- ployment and income. Our study shows the estimates we made. We collected the data on employment generation in all the funds and ex- penditures per year on average in the funds. The study found that the impact of the funds on employment and income is small. Only the first emergency fund of Bolivia added more than 1 percent per year to the total number of jobs in the economy. Only three funds in the region added more than 0.5 percent to the number of jobs. In other words, the funds did not have a...

    pdf14p thangbienthai 23-11-2012 18 5   Download

  • European society and the European economy do not yet exploit the full potential for resource efficiency. Much recyclable waste is either exported or sent to landfill. A lack of long-term frameworks holds back planning and investment, most obviously on a climate and energy framework beyond 2020, but also on long term sustainable use of key resources such as air, soil, energy, water, fish and biomass. At the same time, such frameworks can help to galvanise the innovation needed to exploit the potential of the transition to a low-carbon economy in areas like transport, energy and agriculture....

    pdf18p lenh_hoi_xung 01-03-2013 13 5   Download

  • As with every hypothesis test, inference based on alpha estimates can lead to the detection of a lucky fund, namely a fund with a significant estimated alpha, while its true alpha is equal to zero. The difficulty raised by the standard approach is that it implies a multiple hypothesis test since the null hypothesis of no performance is not tested once, but M times. Accounting for the presence of luck in a multiple testing framework is much more complex, because luck cannot be measured by the significance level applied to each fund.

    pdf83p dangsuynghi 15-03-2013 25 5   Download

  • As with every hypothesis test, inference based on alpha estimates can lead to the detection of a lucky fund, namely a fund with a significant estimated alpha, while its true alpha is equal to zero. When a single performance test is run on the estimated alpha of one fund (or one portfolio of funds1), luck is easily controlled by setting the significance level γ (or alternatively the Size of the test). For instance, if γ is set to 0.05, the probability of finding one lucky fund under the hypothesis that its alpha is zero amounts to 0.05, by construction.

    pdf87p dangsuynghi 15-03-2013 26 5   Download

  • In a broad sense, land grabbing is not a new phenomenon. It has been a recurrent pattern in human history. Neverthe- less, over the last few years, a new type of land grabbing has arisen, and these shifts in land acquisition trends have caught the attention of the international community. One of the re- cent changes is that not only agribusiness in its narrow sense (producing sector) has an increased interest in land, but also transnational corporations upstream and downstream the value chain.

    pdf14p thangbienthai 20-11-2012 25 3   Download

  • The studies that have entered the public domain have been largely inconclusive or suffer from serious methodological deficiencies. A study funded by the American Insurance Association (AIA), an industry trade association, found no correlation between income and credit scores (AIA, 1998). However, the AIA study appears to suffer from methodological flaws so serious that no conclusions are warranted. 8 The Virginia Bureau of Insurance sponsored a study based on ZIP Code aggregates. Unfortunately, the numeric results of the analysis were never publicly released.

    pdf39p enterroi 01-02-2013 17 3   Download

  • Because this document is a benchmark, it does not cover the important requirements that cannot be benchmarked, such as requirements for integration with existing systems (agent vs. agent-less, transport mechanism, ports and protocols, interface with change control, usability of user interface, storage type, integration with physical security systems, etc.).

    pdf9p giamdocamnhac 06-04-2013 13 3   Download

  • The argument that pension funds should only assume a risk-free rate of return in assessing pension fund adequacy ignores the distinction between governmental units, which need be little concerned over the timing of market fluctuations, and individual investors, who must be very sensitive to market timing. This argument also fails to recognize the fact that over a long period, future stock returns are inversely related to current price-to-earnings (PE) ratios.

    pdf20p quaivattim 04-12-2012 14 2   Download

  • The paper concludes that governments have a role to play in ensuring that attractive opportunities and instruments are available to pension funds and institutional investors in order to be able to tap into this source of capital. Furthermore, economic transformation and green growth opportunities can be constrained or enabled by the existing infrastructure of an economy. Thus, shifting to a new, greener growth trajectory requires special attention to network infrastructure such as electricity, transport, water and communications networks.

    pdf52p quaivatdo 19-11-2012 19 1   Download

  • Whereas standard models of portfolio choice indicate that most households should have equity market exposure, only one-third of U.S. households own stocks or stock mutual funds outside of retirement plans, and only one-half participate in the stock market even when retirement plans are included into the calculation. 2 There are numerous reasons to suspect that one’s decision about whether or not to invest in stocks may be inf luenced by the stock market participation of one’s community by means of social interaction.

    pdf8p quaivattim 04-12-2012 15 1   Download

  • In 1996, the Mexican government established the Mexico’s Fund for Natural Disasters (FONDEN) in order to reduce the exposure to the impact of natural catastrophes and to recover quickly as soon as they occur. However, FONDEN is funded by fiscal resources which are limited and have been insufficient to meet the government’s obligations. Faced with the shortage of the FONDEN’s resources and the high probability of earthquake occurrence, in May 2006 the Mexican gov- ernment sponsored a parametric CAT bond against earthquake risk.

    pdf0p enter1cai 16-01-2013 9 1   Download

  • Financial markets play a major role in allocating wealth and excess savings to productive ventures in the global economy. This extremely desirable process takes on various forms. Commercial banks solicit depositors’ funds in order to lend them out to businesses that invest in manufacturing and services or to home buyers who finance new construction or redevelopment. Investment banks bring to market offerings of equity and debt from newly formed or expanding corporations.

    pdf346p vigro23 24-08-2012 46 22   Download

  • You should spend about 20 minutes on this task. The table below shows CO2 emissions for different forms of transport in the European Union. The Pie Chart shows the percentage of European Union funds being spent on different forms of transport. You

    doc3p anhheomap 13-12-2010 50 16   Download

  • Decision making lies at the heart of most important business and government problems.

    pdf824p namde01 11-03-2013 41 13   Download

Đồng bộ tài khoản