This study characterized maxillary sinus mucositis (SIMS) adjacent to teeth with apical periodontitis
(AP), and assessed its resolution three months after endodontic treatment. 29 subjects who maxillary
posterior teeth with AP were imaged with cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). Resolution of
SIMS was assessed with CBCT three months after treatment, and periapical healing was assessed
using the PAI after six months. Four non-compliant subjects were discontinued and SIMS was
identified in 14/25 subjects (56%).
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về hóa học được đăng trên tạp chí sinh học đề tài : A biregional survey and review of first-line treatment failure and second-line paediatric antiretroviral access and use in Asia and southern Africa
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về hóa học được đăng trên tạp chí sinh học đề tài : A biregional survey and review of first-line treatment failure and second-line pediatric antiretroviral access and use in Asia and southern Africa
Introduction: Early identification of Tuberculosis (TB) treatment failure using cost effective means is urgently needed in
developing nations. The study set out to describe affordable predictors of TB treatment failure in an African setting.
Objective: To determine the predictors of treatment failure among patients with sputum smear positive pulmonary TB
at Mulago hospital. The study was carried out in the TB clinic of Mulago hospital Kampala, Uganda.
Twenty years ago in the twenty-first edition of the
Principles and Practice of Medicine, the authors
described what was then the practice for the pharmacologic
therapy of patients with heart failure,
which included digoxin and a diuretic . In addition,
the authors noted that recent studies had
supported the potential use of vasodilators in the
treatment of this population of patients.
Drugs for the Treatment of Peptic Ulcers
cipitated antacid or, phosphate depletion of the body with excessive intake of Al(OH)3. Na+ ions remain in solution even in the presence of HCO3–-rich pancreatic secretions and are subject to absorption, like HCO3–. Because of the uptake of Na+, use of NaHCO3 must be avoided in conditions requiring restriction of NaCl intake, such as hypertension, cardiac failure, and edema. Since food has a buffering effect, antacids are taken between meals (e.g., 1 and 3 h after meals and at bedtime). Nonabsorbable antacids are preferred.
Your kidneys filter wastes from your blood and regulate other
functions of your body. When your kidneys fail, you need
treatment to replace the work of healthy kidneys to survive.
Developing kidney failure means that you have some decisions
to make about your treatment. If you choose to receive treatment,
your choices are hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis, and
kidney transplantation. Each of them has advantages and disadvantages.
You may also choose to forgo treatment.
Pure Red Cell Aplasia: Treatment History, physical examination, and routine laboratory studies may disclose an underlying disease or a suspect drug exposure. Thymoma should be sought by radiographic procedures. Tumor excision is indicated, but anemia does not necessarily improve with surgery. The diagnosis of parvovirus infection requires detection of viral DNA sequences in the blood (IgG and IgM antibodies are commonly absent). The presence of erythroid colonies has been considered predictive of response to immunosuppressive therapy in idiopathic PRCA.
Epidemiology Idiopathic MDS is a disease of the elderly; the mean age at onset is 68 years. There is a slight male preponderance. MDS is a relatively common form of bone marrow failure, with reported incidence rates of 35 to 100 per million persons in the general population and 120 to 500 per million in the elderly. MDS is rare in children, but monocytic leukemia can be seen.
Therapy-related MDS is not age-related and may occur in as many as 15% of patients within a decade following intensive combined modality treatment for cancer. Rates of MDS have increased over time,...
Myelodysplasia: Treatment The therapy of MDS has been unsatisfactory. Only stem cell transplantation offers cure: survival rates of 50% at 3 years have been reported, but older patients are particularly prone to develop treatment-related mortality and morbidity. Results of transplant using matched unrelated donors are comparable, although most series contain younger and more highly selected cases.
In this book, the term Zen is used to roll together all of these con-
cepts. This is not an orthodox treatment of Zen. The book could have
been called the Yoga, Tao, or Way of Managing Projects. In the end all
of these terms are pointing to the same basic strategy—regard every-
thing as a part of a holistic, integrated system, set your intention to
include all of your personal and nonpersonal goals, apply objectivity
and subjectivity in dynamic balance, seek to perfect yourself and your
performance while not being hung up about your imperfections, and
recognize that a...
Outcomes following both transplant and immunosuppression have improved with time. High doses of cyclophosphamide, without stem cell rescue, have been reported to produce durable hematologic recovery, without relapse or evolution to MDS, but this treatment can produce sustained severe fatal neutropenia and response is often delayed. New immunosuppressive drugs in clinical trial may further improve outcome.
Definition and Differential Diagnosis PRCA is characterized by anemia, reticulocytopenia, and absent or rare erythroid precursor cells in the bone marrow. The classification of PRCA is shown in Table 102-4. In adults, PRCA is acquired. An identical syndrome can occur constitutionally: Diamond-Blackfan anemia, or congenital PRCA, is diagnosed at birth or in early childhood and often responds to glucocorticoid treatment; a minority of patients have etiologic mutations in a ribosomal RNA processing gene called RPS19.
Duration of Therapy and Treatment Failure
Until recently, there was little incentive to establish the most appropriate duration of treatment; patients were instructed to take a 7- or 10-day course of treatment for most common infections. A number of recent investigations have evaluated shorter durations of therapy, especially in patients with communityacquired pneumonia. Table 127-10 lists common bacterial infections for which treatment duration guidelines have been established or for which there is sufficient clinical experience to establish treatment durations.
The ChillTip handpiece must be in firm contact with the skin. A single pulse should be placed
at test sites within or near the treatment area. If epidermal damage is present (blistering, abla-
tion, graying or whitening of the epidermis, or a positive Nikolski sign) the fluence should be
lowered by 5 to 10 J/cm2
Several pulses should then be placed next to one another while looking for the epidermal
response. An effective fluence is one where the hair carbonizes, followed by very selective
follicular swelling and redness. ...
The need for the distribution of Ascorbic acid (V.T.C)
in such camps cannot be overemphasized as this help in accelerating healing
and boosting the immure system of campers. The prevalence rate of measles
(12%) can be considered high especially in view of its contagion nature that
could be favored by crowding, low level of herd immunity, malnutrition and
inadequate medical care. Occasional outbreaks of meat have been inked to
the lack of immunization in children or the failure of single dose of vaccine
in many children.
Despite the significant decline in heart disease mortaht' rates over the last 25 years, heart
failure has remained a significant problem. We are now confronted with large numbers of
terminally ill patients for whom conventional therapies for heart failure have been exhausted
and for whom repeated hospital visits are necessary.
There now is a major thrust towards a management strategy which embraces a
comprehensive approach including vigorous preventive measures and earlier surgical
The milk production system in Pakistan is characterized by large
numbers of small, geographically dispersed dairy producers who have
marketable surpluses of milk but face diseconomies of scale in marketing it
to demand centers in distant urban areas. The traditional middlemen who
procure milk from rural areas close to the cities offer at best modest returns
to the farmers. In the past couple of decades, two institutional developments
have taken place in the milk processing sector.
Starting in the spring of 2009, a fast recovery in global equities and a rise
in house values in many economies (the euro area and Japan are exceptions)
were accompanied by a reduction in corporate bond spreads and other risk
premia (Graphs II.1 and III.2, top panels), though some risk measures have
meanwhile risen again in the context of the Greek sovereign debt crisis.
Reported VaR figures show that risk as measured by potential losses from
banks’ trading positions remains high (Graph III.2, bottom left-hand panel).