Radiotherapy, also referred to as radiation therapy, radiation oncology or
therapeutic radiology, is one of the three principal modalities used in the
treatment of malignant disease (cancer), the other two being surgery and
A proper treatment of syntax and semantics in machine translation is introduced and discussed from the empirical viewpoint. For EnglishJapanese machine translation, the syntax directed approach is effective where the Heuristic Parsing Model (HPM) and the Syntactic Role System play important roles. For Japanese-English translation, the semantics directed approach is powerful where the Conceptual Dependency Diagram (CDD) and the Augmented Case Marker System (which is a kind of Semantic Role System) play essential roles.
..PREFACE This book comes from the reflections and experience of more than forty years spent in court. Aside from the practice of my profession, the topics I have treated are such as have always held my interest and inspired a taste for books that discuss the human machine with its manifestations and the causes of its varied activity. I have endeavored to present the latest scientific thought and investigation bearing upon the question of human conduct.
In this article we outline a basic approach to treating metonymy properly in a multilingual machine translation system. This is the first attempt at treating metonymy in an machine translation environment. The approach is guided by the differences of acceptability of metonymy which were obtained by our comparative survey among three languages, English, Chinese, and Japanese. The characteristics of the approach are as follows: (1) Influences of the context, individuals, and familiality with metonymy are not used.
This paper describes the design of a prototype machine translation system for a sublanguage of job advertis~nents. The design is based on the hypothesis that specialized linguistic subsystems may require special crmputational treatment and that therefore a relatively shallow analysis of the text may be sufficient for automatic translation of the sublanguage. This hypothesis and the desire to minimize computation in the transfer phase has led to the adoption of a flat tree representation of the linguistic data. ...
This paper presents a feasibility study for implementing lexical morphology principles in a machine translation system in order to solve unknown words. Multilingual symbolic treatment of word-formation is seducing but requires an in-depth analysis of every step that has to be performed. The construction of a prototype is firstly presented, highlighting the methodological issues of such approach. Secondly, an evaluation is performed on a large set of data, showing the benefits and the limits of such approach. ...
The first section of the book includes the following topics: fusion-based additive manufacturing (AM) processes of titanium alloys and their numerical modelling, mechanism of ?-case formation mechanism during investment casting of titanium, genesis of gas-containing defects in cast titanium products. Second section includes topics on behavior of the (? + ?) titanium alloys under extreme pressure and temperature conditions, hot and super plasticity of titanium (? + ?) alloys and some machinability aspects of titanium alloys in drilling. ...
TABLE 24.12 Maximum Allowable Stresses for ASTM A228 and Type 302 Stainless-Steel Helical Extension Springs in Cyclic Applications Percent of Tensile Strength "f™ ** of Cycles
10 106 107
In Torsion Body
36 33 30
34 30 28
In Bending _ End
51 47 45
This information is based on the following conditions: not shotpee ned, no surging and ambient environment with a low temperature heat treatment applied. Stress ratio = O. SOURCE: Associated Spring, Barnes Group Inc. 24.5.
Developing kidney failure means you have some decisions to make about your treatment. You may choose to forgo treatment. If you choose to receive treatment, your choices include hemodialysis, which requires a machine used to filter your blood outside your body; peritoneal dialysis, which uses the lining of your belly to filter your blood inside the body; and kidney transplantation, in which a new kidney is placed in your body. Each treatment has advantages and disadvantages.
Other parts of the SQL Server 2008 Platform, which might be installed together with the
TOE. The TOE is the central part of a complete DBMS platform, which realizes all Security
Functions as described in this ST. However other parts of the platform may be installed on
the same machine if they are needed to support the operation or administration of the TOE.
However these other parts will interact with the TOE in the same way, every other client
Clients (comprising local clients and remote clients) are used to interact with the TOE during
administration and operation....
Another significant driver—in a world now more environmentall
conscious than ever—is a global thrust to develop projects whic
not only minimize GHG emissions but also help to displace GHG
emissions from other industrial sources. Thus, one of the more
significant advantages of gas-turbine and engine-based
cogeneration is the potential for significant GHG reductions.
Further, it is the monetization of GHG reductions and other poss
financial incentives that are helping to encourage and facilitate
development of cogeneration applications.
This consultation sets out our vision for the future of local audit. This vision is firmly based on four principles. The first of these is localism. When reforms are complete local public bodies will be free to appoint their own independent external auditors from a more competitive and open market. The second is transparency; local public bodies will become increasingly accountable for their spending decisions to the people who ultimately provide their resources. The third is to remove the overheads charged by the Audit Commission to service the central government machine.
The 2001 White Paper "European Transport Policy for 2010: Time to Decide" sets out the ambitious target of reducing
the number of road fatalities with 50 percent by 2010. This requires a rapid increase in the efforts of all safety
stakeholders. To support these actions, the European Commission officially launched the eSafety initiative in April
Our infrastructure (Akash1
) consists of a virtual storage
system prototype designed to run on commodity hard-
ware. It supports data accesses to multiple virtual vol-
umes for any storage client, such as, database servers
and ﬁle systems. It uses the Network Block Device
(NBD) driver packaged with Linux to read and write log-
ical blocks from the virtual storage system, as shown
in Figure 3. NBD is a standard storage access proto-
col similar to iSCSI, supported by Linux. It provides a
method to communicate with a storage server over the
The ENERGY STAR Office Equipment program distinguishes “digital copier-based MFDs,” which are
covered by their MFD program, from printer- and fax-based MFDs, which are covered by their printer
program. In this study, we identify any multi-function device as an MFD, and distinguish between them on
the basis of imaging technology (inkjet or laser), which we think is most relevant to power consumption.
Many units of office equipment that we identified in the field as copiers, fax machines,...
Two areas in which automation tools would be
of great use to administrators of security policies
are: reasoning about policies where the goal
might be, for instance, detecting inconsistencies
between a new security policy rule and an
existing policy; and in finding network
configurations which satisfy a set of policies.
Security policies expressed in terms of firewall
configuration are complicated and difficult to
reason about, both for man and machine.
For the last 5 years, the Gamma database machine project has focused on issues associated with the design
and implementation of highly parallel database machines. In a number of ways, the design of Gamma is based on
what we learned from our earlier database machine DIRECT [DEWI79].
Most cancers found in the adrenal gland did not start there and are not adrenal cancers.
Instead, they start in other organs or tissues and then spread (metastasize) through the
bloodstream to the adrenal glands. For example, lung cancers, melanomas, and breast
cancers often spread to the adrenals. Even when other cancers spread to the adrenals;
however, they are still named after the place they started and are treated like other
cancers that start in the same place. They are not considered adrenal cancer. Their
treatment is described in our documents on these cancers. ...
Chapter 10b - Formal treatment of types and semantics. This section repeats the above two sections using a fmmal mathematical style. Its purpose is to illustrate the power of denotational semantics to enable the full specification of a programming language's type system and semantics. Since it is machine independent, this notation can be used by language and compiler designers as they define and implement new programming languages.
Aluminium alloys have undergone a dramatic transformation in areas of extrusion, machining, welding, heat treatment, structural changes, created by ultra fine particles and enhanced corrosion resistance. Hence, these alloys have made rapid gains in European automotive and space industry. These developments have been described by experts in the book with new data and attractive graphics. The effect of processing parameters, including welding and deep rolling on their performance have been highlighted to alleviate the concerns of manufacturers and designers for new applications.