Women were among the first documented cases of AIDS (Corea, 1992; Shilts,
1987), and have continued to become infected, develop AIDS, and die, throughout
the course of this pandemic. Women have consistently constituted more than half
of those infected with HIV globally, while in the United States their representation
among those struck by AIDS has been increasing dramatically in recent years;
more new infections occur among women than men at the present time.
Overall development objectives may include employment creation, productivity, competitiveness,
GDP growth, price stability; and external payments equilibrium; as well as social, sectoral and regional
equality including poverty reduction. Positioning SME development policy against national targets makes
it easier to co-ordinate the relevant activities of different ministries and to prioritise goals. It also establishes
the basis for a tighter process of decision-making.
At the other end of the food chain agricultural practices are going to change.
The increased focus on environmental sustainability in society is reflected in
the rapid growth for organic agriculture, while the use of modern
biotechnology might be offering many new opportunities for agriculture in the
EU. The enlargement process and further reforms of the CAP could lead to a
drastically changed market and production situation.
Program Director Michele Cohen maintains
“consulting a conservator in the process of designing a
public sculpture is a precautionary measure which can
only result in a more durable finished product. We can’t
foresee all problems, but we can certainly minimize them
by thoroughly investigating materials and fabrication
Preserving the integrity of the artwork should be the
highest priority during the design process. In the United
States, federal and state laws address issues of preservation
and artists’ and moral rights.
Rapid population growth by itself may not always result in environmental degradation. There
is case study evidence that some farm households and communities develop technical and institutional
innovations in natural resource management in response to increasing pressures on resources. Such
responses do not happen in all areas however, and need to be induced and supported through policy
measures and other development interventions (for example in the areas of tenure, reorientation of
agricultural research and extension, etc.).
The key objectives of the Apheis Communications Strategy Project call for ultimately providing the
different users of our work with information chosen and presented in such a way that it is relevant to the
needs of each group of users, or audience, and that each audience would find our information easy to
use, thus ensuring it has an impact on policy making. Successfully achieving this objective thus meant
understanding the information needs of each of our audiences.
Even a well-resourced, well-designed evaluation study is
unlikely to be able to address all of the above thematic
areas. Deciding what to monitor should be demand-driven,
informed by the target audience and evaluation objectives
as well as the thematic priorities of an organization.
Similarly, the characteristics of a project or programme
(such as type of intervention, scale, stage) and feasibility
issues (such as institutional capacity, financial and
human resources and time) are important considerations.
The 2001 White Paper "European Transport Policy for 2010: Time to Decide" sets out the ambitious target of reducing
the number of road fatalities with 50 percent by 2010. This requires a rapid increase in the efforts of all safety
stakeholders. To support these actions, the European Commission officially launched the eSafety initiative in April
The production of harmonized datasets covering all the ESPON space (31 countries) at
NUTS 2 or NUTS 3 level has been recognized as the first challenge to be solved with an
absolute priority as it is a condition of continuity with previous work realized in ESPON
2006 program. It is obvious that the new ESPON 2013 project needs immediately basic
information at this level like area, population, GDP, employment, which will be used as
reference for more sophisticated analysis where this project will produce more precise
information in their specific fields.
In discussing the Lisbon Strategy, we pose the following question: why has the
Lisbon Agenda only limited success? One reason may be the institutional
setting. The high priority that is given to fiscal and monetary stabilisation
policies is reflected in the existence of sanctions if the members of the Euro
Area do not meet the Maastricht criteria. In contrast, the low priority given to
the Lisbon strategy can be seen in the absence of institutions to enforce the
achievement of targets.
The OECD is developing a strategic response to the crisis focusing on two priority areas: finance,
competition and governance; and restoring long-term growth. As part of this strategic response, the
OECD Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry (DSTI) has analysed the likely impact of the
downturn on the drivers of long term economic growth and the innovation-related items in policy
responses of major countries.
Three interactive workshops
were conducted on the first day:
“Psychopharmacological update in child
psychiatry” by Dr Avinash De Souza;
“Treatment planning – don’t get caught
in categorical diagnoses” by Dr Gordon
Harper; and “Parenting techniques in the
management of oppositional-conduct
disorders” by Dr Anula Nikapota. A training
course on “Psychoactive medication in
children: paradigm shift” was also conducted
by Dr Gordon Harper.
There are disadvantages to this approach. It does not readily take into account broad
environmental changes that may require a shift in priorities, particularly when the
board does not recognize the changed situation and will not adjust policy measures
accordingly. It does not lend itself to assessing less tangible aspects of management
that lead to organizational success. Its focus on means (getting results) could also
result in executive behavior that contradicts other important organizational values,
if those values have not been expressly stated in board policies.
The objectives of the project are to expand plant quarantine activities in Vietnam through provision of facilities and equipment, and training to staff to standards required for participation in international trade. The project will also develop training materials to provide ongoing training and reference ensuring self-sufficiency. On completion of the project, staff will be competent in the current methods used in disinfestation research, familiar with equipment and technology and able to prepare submissions for international quarantine authorities.
Health is everybody’s business. We have a population that is living
longer and is likely to carry a burden of chronic disease. An increasing
number of products, treatments and information are available to an
informed health consumer and ‘health’ is discussed by those as diverse
as Kylie Minogue in relation to breast cancer, Jamie Oliver in relation
to healthy food for children and Bill Gates in relation to human immunodefi
ciency virus/acquired immune defi ciency syndrome (HIV/
Cherry Creek Reservoir, Colorado. Representatives from the county, local
communities, and water and sanitation districts surrounding the reservoir
formed a trading authority to help address phosphorus pollution from
nonpoint sources, After authority members achieve a SO-percent reduction
of annusl phosphorus loadings from nonpoint sources, they may make
excess reductions available to sewage treatment plants in the form of a
pollution credit. Trading will likely be delayed because anticipated land...
Today, research and technology play a decisive role for the European food
sector for the development of new products as well as for improved safety
measures. In July 2000, DG RTD requested a study on potential future
European research priorities in food technology and food safety from the
Institute for Prospective Technological Studies (IPTS), Joint Research Centre.
The study design comprised the involvement of external expertise from
industry as well as from academia: The results of the study were derived from
two experts workshops held in Sevilla at the IPTS in December 2000 and May
In sub-Saharan Africa, 10 to 20 percent of children die before turning
five, and maternal deaths from pregnancy-related events, rare in
most industrialized countries, occur far too frequently. As of 2010,
only 19 of the 68 Countdown to 2015 priority countries—which
account for more than 90% of maternal and child deaths worldwide—
were on track to meet the target on child survival. Maternal
mortality continues to remain high with little evidence of progress.
The Health Information System (HIS) in Mozambique is still facing numerous challenges
in terms of quality and use of data, mainly due to insufficient and poorly-trained health
workers, scarce financial resources, inadequate tools for data management and inadequate
supervision and feedback. The HIS represents a crucial area for development in health, as it
provides essential information for decision-makers, and is the source of data for half of the
indicators included in the M and E Performance Assessment Framework of the health sector.
In Mali, Minister of Health Madeleine Ba Diallo
demonstrated support for government action
on pneumonia by presiding over a public rally
outside a community health center in Bamako
that drew more than 500 participants and engaged
youth volunteers from the School of
Public Health to spread out across the city, disseminating
information about the causes of