It is expected that the prescription of drugs and treatments tailored for the right patient at the right time
will increase the efficiency of healthcare delivery and reduce healthcare costs. Applied healthcare studies
will be required to obtain evidence for this assumption so that those who reimburse healthcare costs can
incentivise the introduction of personalised drug prescription.
Application to Patients
Radiation therapy can be used alone or together with chemotherapy to produce cure of localized tumors and control of the primary site of disease in tumors that have disseminated. Therapy is planned based on the use of a simulator with the treatment field or fields designed to accommodate an individual patient's anatomic features. Individualized treatment planning employs lead shielding tailored to shape the field and limit the radiation exposure of normal tissue. Often the radiation is delivered from two or three different positions.
Professional intervention within six months after the eruption of the fi rst primary tooth
or no later than 12 months of age directed at factors affecting the oral cavity, counseling on
oral disease risks, and delivery of anticipatory guidance
• Early intervention aimed at preventing or mitigating common pediatric oral
diseases and conditions while initiating a relationship between infant, child, family
and the pediatric dental caregiver
• Primary prevention of dental disease based on timely family education, instruction
and motivation for behavioral changes, appropriate fl uorid...
Forging a new city vision and infrastructure
through civic leadership and collective action
Creating sustainable places will require the
public, private and voluntary sectors to collaborate
effectively. Reliance on the market to deliver
essentials, even banking or housing, has evident
shortcomings. What is needed is a new market
model which endures over the long term because
it delivers sustained value.
Running a town or city depends upon engaging
the whole community.
Good communication between healthcare professionals and men with
prostate cancer is essential. It should be supported by evidence-based written
information tailored to the man's needs. Treatment and care, and the
information men with prostate cancer are given about it, should be culturally
appropriate. It should also be accessible to people with additional needs such
as physical, sensory or learning disabilities, and to people who do not speak
or read English.
Gene therapy has the potential to be a tailor-made therapeutic with increased specificity and decreased side effects that can offer a "cure" for many disorders. The aim of this book is to provide up-to-date reviews of the rapidly growing field of gene therapy. Chapters cover a large range of topics including methods of gene delivery, and identification of targets with several papers on cancer gene therapy.
The preterm parturition syndrome is one of the major obstetrical complications of our time. Understanding the mechanisms leading to prematurity may assist the clinician to tailor the desired treatment that is suitable to the mechanisms leading to preterm birth in a specific patient. In the first section of this book we present an update on the association of periodontal disease, maternal stress, and activation of the hemostatic system and preterm parturition. The second section of the book deals with short and long term effects of prematurity, with a long term aspect of late preterm birth.
One of the main goals of the raion TB Coordinator is to ensure that health care
workers within the raion are facilitating adherence to TB treatment among TB
patients. This section of the module discusses adherence and nonadherence issues
and provides measures health care workers can implement in an effort to decrease
barriers to adherence among TB patients. By understanding reasons for non-
adherence, health care workers may be able to tailor patient education activities to
Good communication between healthcare professionals and patients is
essential. It should be supported by evidence-based written information
tailored to the patient’s needs. Treatment and care, and the information
patients are given about it, should be culturally appropriate. It should also
be accessible to people with additional needs such as physical, sensory or
learning disabilities, and to people who do not speak or read English.
If the patient agrees, families and carers should have the opportunity to
be involved in decisions about treatment and care.
Rapidly expand access to diversified HIV testing and counselling services. HIV testing must be voluntary,
confidential and accompanied by appropriate counselling, whether initiated by the client or the provider.
Accelerated uptake of rights-based testing and counselling services for adults and children is required for
prevention and early diagnosis and referral (as required) to care and treatment programmes and to support
safe disclosure of HIV status.
Despite advances in pharmacology, not all patients respond favourably to drugs. A proportion of
patients under therapy don't benefit from their treatment or experience an adverse reaction to the
medication. However, progress in the understanding of disease mechanisms and drug actions are
opening opportunities to match therapies to patient populations, and thus pave the way towards a
more personalised medicine.
This guideline offers best practice advice on how to involve patients in
decisions about prescribed medicines and how to support adherence.
All NICE clinical guidelines state that treatment and care should take into
account patients’ needs and preferences and patients should have the
opportunity to make informed decisions about their care and treatment, in
partnership with their healthcare professionals. Good communication between
healthcare professionals and patients is essential.