Connection fees, generated when customers connect to the Group’s network, are deferred and
recognized as revenue over the average estimated customer relationship period.
The estimate of the average estimated customer relationship period is based on the recent
history of customer churn.Potential changes in estimates could lead to changes in both the
amount and timing of the future recognition of revenues.
In conclusion, the results reported herewith show a significant relationship between
epifluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry, but coefficients of variation were
considerably lower for bacterial counts estimated by flow cytometry than epifluorescence
microscopy. Generally, the use of flow cytometry in marine microbiology reduces the
processing time of the sample and increases the number of processed samples.
Significantly lower salivary OC concentrations in both healthy and diseased smokers than
their non-smoker counterparts were reported by Özçaka et al. (2011b). The detrimental
effects of smoking may explain these decreases in salivary levels of OC in smokers also
indicating a deficiency in tissue response to the injuries in smoker subjects. The differences
in patient numbers and/or the possible differences in the disease activity states may explain
the differences in findings of the present study and the previous ones.
Since the publication of this book, in 1983, several new and exciting
developments have taken place in the field of Plant Tissue Culture, and
it now forms a major component of what is popularly called Plant Biotechnology.
Many of the important crop plants which were then regarded
as recalcitrant are now amenable to regeneration from cultured protoplasts,
cells, and calli, enabling subjection of these crops to improvement
by biotechnological methods of cell manipulation.
Plant tissue culture
Most methods of plant transformation applied to GM crops require that a whole plant is regenerated from isolated plant cells or tissue which have been genetically transformed. This regeneration is conducted in vitro so that the environment and growth medium can be manipulated to ensure a high frequency of regeneration. In addition to a high frequency of regeneration, the regenerable cells must be accessible to gene transfer by whatever technique is chosen (gene transfer methods are described in Chapter 3).
FCOs will describe an individual community "wants" based
I accept the ecological concepts and guiding principles. Continue to create favorable conditions and support
efforts, development of environmental goals (EOS) describes the chemical, biological and
physical needs of desired fish communities, are also considered an important step in successful
Plan implementation. Joint Plan amendment (GLFC 1997) and continue to reaffirm
expand on the need for developing EOS.
Carmago et al. (1992) found that the rivers nearer industrial discharge point have adverse
impact to the environment as well as to macrobenthic communities. Toxic contaminants
from surface runoff, sewage discharges and industrial discharge have caused negative
impacts towards the freshwater macrobenthic communities. The presence of substance
chemical such as ammonia, chlorine, cyanide, metals, PCBs, pesticides and phenols would
caused a decline pattern on the number of species and changes in the species composition.
In addition, the Volcker Rule does not apply to Banking Entity’s investing in or sponsoring hedge funds
or private equity funds that occur solely outside the United States as long as (i) no ownership interest
in such funds is offered to U.S. residents, and (ii) the Banking Entity is not directly or indirectly
controlled by another Banking Entity that is organized under the laws of the United States or a U.S.
Under the Act, the Federal banking agencies, the SEC, the CFTC and the Board of Governors of the
Federal Reserve System (the “Fed”) will coordinate to...
Third, information is better if it is more highly disaggregated (more detailed). For
example, data on wastes produced by individual processes or product lines is better than data on
wastes created by an entire factory. For instance, accounting that assigns a wide variety of costs
to overhead is problematic because of a lack of disaggregation. Disaggregation is necessary to
incremental financial analysis -- i.e., the evaluation of investment or production opportunities
based on their incremental costs and incremental contributions to revenue.
First, standard cross-sectional determinants of firms’ capital structures also apply to
large, publicly traded banks in the US and Europe, except for banks close to the
minimum capital requirement. The sign and significance of the effect of most variables
on bank capital structure are identical to the estimates found for non-financial firms.
This is true for both book and market leverage, Tier 1 capital, when controlling for risk
and macro factors, for US and EU banks examined separately, as well as when
examining a series of cross-sectional regressions over time. ...
Further, the average serial correlation in sales changes for our sample firms is .17 which is also approximately consistent with a random walk. The assumption is not critical to most of our results (the major exception is that earnings is a random walk). Even if sales follow an autoregressive process in first differences, accruals still offset the negative serial
correlation in operating cash flow changes induced by inventory and working capital financing policies.
Prior to the 1930s, there was little federal
role in providing disaster assistance to
farmers and ranchers. In 1886, Congress
appropriated $10,000 for the Department
of Agriculture to purchase seed for
drought-stricken farmers in Texas, but
President Grover Cleveland vetoed the act
with the message, “Federal aid in such
cases encourages the expectation of
paternal care on the part of government
and weakens the sturdiness of our
national character” (Porter, 1988).
As can be seen in figure B.6, the investment-to-GDP ratio in China has even been trending downward
from 1985 to the early 1990s while the household savings rate has been increasing.
The steep increase
in the investment ratio to a peak of 40 per cent in 1993 was followed by an increase in the household
saving rate to a peak of 33.8 per cent in 1994 before both variables trended somewhat downwards
again. Again as in the case for Germany, consumption in China grew vigorously over the period: The
data from the National Statistics Office does not show any year...
A further issue is whether fiscal policy problems have lead to higher long-term
inflation expectations. The bold line in Figure 3, depicting long-term inflationary
expectations, as extracted from long-term index linked bond prices, indicates that this
was not the case. After an initial increase until May, break-even inflation decreased to
its initial level in October, and remained stable thereafter.
The Toulouse School of Economics regularly appears as number one in Europe in rankings based on publication records.
Econphd.net ranked TSE among the best in Europe across all economics fields (first in the world in the economics of
information, and second in the world in industrial organization).
Faculty members are recognized as leaders in their fields and have published many books and articles in top academic
Second, a discussion of key determinants of the way the agricultural sector is organized highlights that,
while large operations have historically had a dominant role in plantation crops, agricultural production,
in contrast to marketing or processing, is not characterized by significant economies of scale.
Once you’ve determined that an investment home fits your financial goals, it’s time to decide
whether or not you’re willing to deal with the responsibilities of being a landlord. There may
be 3 a.m. phone calls to answer, late rents to collect, unsatisfactory tenants to evict, repairs and
maintenance to attend to, paperwork to be updated, income and/or deductions to be claimed,
taxes to be paid, and various new laws to obey. It’s a major commitment, but keep in mind that
you can always hire professionals to take care of many day-to-day responsibilities.
The East African organic products standard can be used for self-assessment by producers,
declarations of conformity in the marketplace, certification by certification bodies in the region, or
other kinds of verification. If the standard is used for the purposes of third-party certification,
inspection and certification should be carried out in accordance to international norms, such as ISO
Guide 65 or the IFOAM Accreditation Criteria.
Organizations with customer/client data are more at risk because this data is not only conﬁdential, it is also the type of information that
thieves and hackers seek out. This is especially true when ﬁnancial records or credit card numbers are at risk. There is also the burden of
added social pressure because of the sensitive nature of information that is considered personal. Pressure to protect personal data will increase
over the next several years as privacy legislation is passed in countries around the world.
An inflation indexed bond protects both investors
and issuers from the uncertainty of inflation over
the life of the bond.1 Like conventional bonds,
indexed bonds pay interest at fixed intervals and
return the principal at maturity. The fundamental
difference is that while conventional bonds make
payments that are fixed in nominal dollars (and thus
are called nominal bonds), indexed bonds make payments
that are fixed in real terms (and thus are called