Tropical medicine research holds a special place as an important activity that as a
consequence of multiple factors, such as globalization and migration has extended and
reaffirms its importance not only in tropical developing countries but also in nonendemic
areas in the developed world. The update on different aspects related to the
practice of tropical medicine and their multiple components needs to be frequently
visited. Three of the most important infectious terminal diseases in the world that
belong or significantly affect tropical areas are AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria.
Dystonia has many facets, and among those, this book commences with the
increasingly associated genes identified, including a construct on how biology
interacts with the dystonia genesis. The clinical phenomenology of dystonia as
approached in the book is interesting because, not only were the cervical,
oromandibular/lingual/laryngeal, task-specific and secondary dystonias dealt with
individually, but that the associated features such as parkinsonism, tremors and
spasticity were also separately presented.
Neglected Tropical Diseases and other infectious disease threats: Lymphatic filariasis (LF) and soil transmitted helminthaisis (STH) are endemic throughout Indonesia; Indonesia accounts for 9.3% of the world’s at-risk population, with an estimated 125-200 million people at-risk for LF nationally. STH is a widespread problem affecting child health and development. In 2011, USAID began to provide critical support to the National LF Elimination Plan and national program for control of STH.
Tropical Sprue Nearly all patients with acute and subacute tropical sprue show malabsorption of cobalamin; this may persist as the principal abnormality in the chronic form of the disease, when the patient may present with megaloblastic anemia or neuropathy due to cobalamin deficiency. Absorption of cobalamin usually improves after antibiotic therapy and, in the early stages, folic acid therapy.
Fish Tapeworm Infestation
The fish tapeworm (Diphyllobothrium latum) lives in the small intestine of humans and accumulates cobalamin from food, rendering this unavailable for absorption.