Xem 1-20 trên 157 kết quả Tuberculosis cases
  • This report, one of a series of adoption case studies coordinated by the Impacts Assessment and Evaluation Group (IAEG) of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR), examines the adoption by Ghanaian maize farmers of improved production technologies developed through the Ghana Grains Development Project (GGDP).

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  • By estimating the default jump risk premium, this paper essentially tests the assumptions underlying the conditional diversification hypothesis of JLY (2001). These authors prove that, if default jumps are conditionally independent across firms and if the economy contains an infinite number of bonds, default jump risk cannot be priced. Intuitively, in this case the default jump risk can be fully diversified. Our results indicate that default jumps are not conditionally independent across firms and/or that not enough corporate bonds are traded to fully diversify default jump risk.

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  • It has been suggested that executives seek higher salaries in comparison to other executives, as a means of recognizing com- parative ability or performance. Th at is, high salary is a means of recognizing the status of the executive amongst their executive peers. In this case new provisions for the reporting of executive salaries as a means of restraining them would be self defeating. Th e information about salaries of executive peers would • serve to motivate executives to seek parity with any more highly paid executive.

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  • Between January 2006 and February 2008, AMS Compliance provided its results from five investigations of certified organic operations to NOP. Although they recommended that NOP officials take enforcement actions against these operations, we found that NOP did not respond to these in a timely or effective manner. In addition, in those cases where enforcement actions were issued, NOP did not monitor the organic operations to ensure compliance with those actions.

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  • A number of positive factors underpin this forecast. Investment is forecast to provide the largest proportionate increase in the components of demand. In 2006, investment growth of 4 per cent is expected, substantially higher than the 2.1 per cent figure for 2005. Much of the improvement can be traced to Germany where business sentiment appears to be strong, thereby prompting an expectation of increased investment. The strong investment performance is expected to persist into 2007 with a growth rate of 3.5 per cent forecast. ...

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  • Association studies from north India probing multiple loci across the spectrum of candidate cytokine genes are scanty. The present study, therefore, was aimed to bring in focus certain unexplored polymorphisms in the context of tuberculosis susceptibility in north Indian population. The role and importance of genetic background in tuberculosis has now become univocal with ethnicity playing a crucial role. Probing new loci relating to tuberculosis susceptibility could suggest novel approach in pharmacogenomics and therapy to combat this pathogen.

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  • The second edition of this practical, authoritative reference book provides a rational basis for the diagnosis and management of tuberculosis. Written by a number of experts in the field, it remains faithful to Kurt Toman’s original question-and-answer format, with subject matter grouped under the three headings Case detection, Treatment, and Monitoring. It is a testament to the enduring nature of the first edition that so much material has been retained unchanged.

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  • For example, it has been shown that depressed patients are three times more likely not to comply with medical regimens than non-depressed patients; there is also evidence that depression predicts the incidence of heart disease. In the case of infectious diseases, non-adherence can lead to drug resistance, and this has profound public health implications concerning resistant infec- tious agents. Illness-associated depression impairs quality of life and several aspects of the functioning of patients with chronic diseases; moreover, it results in higher health care utilization and costs.

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  • Sputum examination was carried out at the 2nd, 4th and 6th month as required by RNTCP. All HIV seropositive pulmonary tuberculosis cases were treated with Category 1 regimen, while HIV seronegative patients were treated with either Category 1 or Category III regimens as per RNTCP guidelines. During the period of anti-TB treatment, if the subject failed to turn up for treatment, suitable action was taken as described in the RNTCP to ensure regularity in anti-TB treatment. At the time of the initiation of the study, free antiretroviral therapy was not yet available in India.

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  • Tuberculosis (TB) is prevalent in India and continues to be a leading cause of death1. Its control programmes can achieve a high level of treatment success2 and are associated with a decline in reported disease burden3. This is possible only if there is an effective TB control programme like the Directly Observed Treatment - Short Course (DOTS) aimed for higher cure and case detection. When the programme is successful, more cases will be detected and treated successfully. This will result in cutting the transmission in the community.

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  • To a number of people who influenced my life and prepared me for the job of creating this book: First, my mother, who not only taught me to read, but allowed me to experience the enjoyment of reading. She opened up for me the vast knowledge available in libraries. Dr. Wade Moorehouse, retired Professor of Accounting and former Chairman of the Department of Business and Economics at California State University, Hayward, who many years ago, when I was an undergraduate student in his accounting course, stimulated my excitement about the accounting function.

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  • Some twenty five countries have experimented with environmental accounting over the past twenty years. A few European countries have established physical accounting systems which are routinely compiled and applied to economic and environmental policy-making. Many other countries have undertaken more limited or one-time experiments and case studies with monetary environmental accounts, focused on issues such as forestry, soil erosion, and minerals depletion. A few examples suggest the richness of their experience.

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  • The lead agency must also coordinate with other agencies and review security plans for infrastructure and utilities that could threaten event security (local water supply, water treatment facilities, electricity supply, communications grid, sewer system, computer systems, etc.). At some special events, manhole covers have been welded shut near the event venues. Often, newspaper dispensers and public trash cans are removed before an event (they can be hiding places for bombs and can be used as missiles to harm law enforcement or destroy property). When such measures...

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về hóa học được đăng trên tạp chí sinh học quốc tế đề tài : Isolated cystic tuberculosis of scapula; case report and review of literature

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  • Stability Bonds would promote efficiency in the euro-area sovereign bond market and in the broader euro-area financial system. Stability Bond issuance would offer the possibility of a large and highly liquid market, with a single benchmark yield in contrast to the current situation of many country-specific benchmarks. The liquidity and high credit quality of the Stability Bond market would deliver low benchmark yields, reflecting correspondingly low credit risk and liquidity premiums (see Box 1).

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  • Four years after the launch of the euro in January 1999 and while the European Central Bank (ECB) plans a review about its monetary policy strategy, it seems interesting to study the link between monetary policy, the long-term perception of ináation and long-term interest rates. In the European case, it is possible to use the German term structure as a benchmark.

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  • This reluctance on the part of mainstream lenders creates an opportunity for microfinance but also underlines the paramount importance of credit risk management in an industry that, in Western Europe at least, continues to be driven by socially motivated investors and entities supporting microfinance as part of their social responsibility initiatives. This realisation has a significant impact on the pricing of financing instruments to such types of entities and has arguably served to undermine the development of viable microfinance models in terms of self-sustainability.

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  • Leadership is required from City staf and elected oicials, from organizations operating in diverse sectors across the city, and from Vancouver residents—many of whom have already contributed to the development of this plan. he City will need to lead the way in its own operations as well, demonstrating what a Greenest City looks like in City-run buildings, facilities, and operations. Leadership from other levels of government and other public sector agencies will also be critical to our success. Action A plan like this is only useful when it is acted upon.

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  • Thanks to their traditional decentralised organisation and large distribution network, savings banks have built strong local roots and gained extensive experience in developing relation- ships with major stakeholders in the local communities. Thus, they are deeply involved in the life of the area where they operate and have a thorough understanding of the socio-eco- nomic challenges and environment. They actively contribute to local and regional economic and social development, including in the most remote areas and underserved communities.

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  • Savings banks in Spain have a long tradition of providing social credits to under-served financially excluded communities. Caja de Granada in particular chairs the International Association of Social Pledging Credit Establishments1 and like Caixa Galicia and Caixa Catalunya, grants micro-credits through their foundations, mainly in the regions where they operate. Caja Granada recently organized a symposium with all its microcredit holders to exchange experiences.

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