Type distribution

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  • We predict entity type distributions in Web search queries via probabilistic inference in graphical models that capture how entitybearing queries are generated. We jointly model the interplay between latent user intents that govern queries and unobserved entity types, leveraging observed signals from query formulations and document clicks. We apply the models to resolve entity types in new queries and to assign prior type distributions over an existing knowledge base.

    pdf9p nghetay_1 07-04-2013 27 2   Download

  • Motivation Types of Distributed Operating Systems Network Structure Network Topology Communication Structure Communication Protocols Robustness Design Issues An Example: Networking To provide a high-level overview of distributed systems and the networks that interconnect them To discuss the general structure of distributed operating systems

    pdf36p perpan 02-09-2012 48 11   Download

  • Installation of new system. When no existing system is present, the designer must select the system that is most appropriate for the end user. High temperature hot water and steam/condensate systems are the most common types of distribution systems currently used on military installations. However, a new system should only use the temperatures and pressures necessary to meet the requirements…

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  • Encapsulation/Reuse Mechanisms –Function Blocks, Functions, Data Types, Programs •Application-adapted Languages –Ladder Diagram (LD) for logic control (“power flow”) –Function Block Diagram (FBD) for regulatory control (“data flow”) –Sequential Function Chart (SFC) for state-machine control –Structured Text (ST) for information processing –Instruction List (IL) for assembly-level programming •A Mature, Internationally Adopted Standard –First edition: 1993 –Second edition: 2001...

    pdf25p ahnhea 13-10-2012 28 7   Download

  • It aims at providing assistance in compiling the specifications for your digital projection equipment. It exclusively focuses on technical questions and does not address the economic, financial and political dimensions of digital cinema. Although it does not claim to be complete, this guide intends to be as complete as possible to assist you with planning your installation. The latter has to meet in France the AFNOR NF S27-100 standard (“Salle de projection électronique de type cinéma numérique” [“Electronic projection room of the type digital cinema”]), ...

    pdf44p hongphuocidol 03-04-2013 36 6   Download

  • Parallel and distributed computing has offered the opportunity of solving a wide range of computationally intensive problems by increasing the computing power of sequential computers. Although important improvements have been achieved in this field in the last 30 years, there are still many unresolved issues. These issues arise from several broad areas, such as the design of parallel systems and scalable interconnects, the efficient distribution of processing tasks, or the development of parallel algorithms....

    pdf298p bi_bi1 11-07-2012 35 5   Download

  • Tham khảo sách 'u.s. navy underwater cutting & welding manual distribution', kỹ thuật - công nghệ, cơ khí - chế tạo máy phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

    pdf200p khangoc239 10-08-2012 20 5   Download

  • In the recent years the electrical power utilities are undergoing rapid restructuring process worldwide. Indeed, with deregulation, advancement in technologies and concern about the environmental impacts, competition is particularly fostered in the generation side thus allowing increased interconnection of generating units to the utility networks. These generating sources are called as distributed generators (DG) and defined as the plant which is directly connected to distribution network and is not centrally planned and dispatched.

    pdf0p bi_bi1 11-07-2012 35 4   Download

  • Supervised sequence-labeling systems in natural language processing often suffer from data sparsity because they use word types as features in their prediction tasks. Consequently, they have difficulty estimating parameters for types which appear in the test set, but seldom (or never) appear in the training set. We demonstrate that distributional representations of word types, trained on unannotated text, can be used to improve performance on rare words. We incorporate aspects of these representations into the feature space of our sequence-labeling systems. ...

    pdf9p hongphan_1 14-04-2013 21 3   Download

  • Distributional similarity has been widely used to capture the semantic relatedness of words in many NLP tasks. However, various parameters such as similarity measures must be handtuned to make it work effectively. Instead, we propose a novel approach to synonym identification based on supervised learning and distributional features, which correspond to the commonality of individual context types shared by word pairs. Considering the integration with pattern-based features, we have built and compared five synonym classifiers. ...

    pdf6p hongphan_1 15-04-2013 30 3   Download

  • Tham khảo sách 'act a chart type 2002', kỹ thuật - công nghệ, tự động hoá phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

    pdf338p louisxlll5 25-12-2012 14 2   Download

  • The Grid is a highly dynamic environment. The standards governing grid services are currently being defined and software implementations are subject to revision. The resources available are continually being expanded and changing in configuration. The user community is geographically widely distributed and volatile. Managing security in this environment, whilst retaining the desired level of accessibility for users is a challenge for software designers, implementers and site administrators. ...

    pdf4p khongmuonnghe 04-01-2013 21 2   Download

  • In this paper we investigate how to automatically determine if two document collections are written from different perspectives. By perspectives we mean a point of view, for example, from the perspective of Democrats or Republicans. We propose a test of different perspectives based on distribution divergence between the statistical models of two collections. Experimental results show that the test can successfully distinguish document collections of different perspectives from other types of collections. ...

    pdf8p hongvang_1 16-04-2013 11 2   Download

  • There have been many proposals to extract semantically related words using measures of distributional similarity, but these typically are not able to distinguish between synonyms and other types of semantically related words such as antonyms, (co)hyponyms and hypernyms. We present a method based on automatic word alignment of parallel corpora consisting of documents translated into multiple languages and compare our method with a monolingual syntax-based method.

    pdf8p hongvang_1 16-04-2013 17 2   Download

  • Frequency distribution models tuned to words and other linguistic events can predict the number of distinct types and their frequency distribution in samples of arbitrary sizes. We conduct, for the first time, a rigorous evaluation of these models based on cross-validation and separation of training and test data. Our experiments reveal that the prediction accuracy of the models is marred by serious overfitting problems, due to violations of the random sampling assumption in corpus data. We then propose a simple pre-processing method to alleviate such non-randomness problems. ...

    pdf8p hongvang_1 16-04-2013 26 2   Download

  • Tham khảo sách 'dutch type 3', kỹ thuật - công nghệ, cơ khí - chế tạo máy phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

    pdf326p nt18105 19-05-2013 15 2   Download

  • Following Link [14, 13] and Roberts [15], I present a semantic analysis of collective- distributivity comes from either an explicit quantifidistributive ambiguity, and resolution of such am- cational operator like each or an implicit distributive biguity by model-based reasoning. This approach operator called the D o p e r a t o r . The D operator goes beyond Scha and Stallard [17], whose reasoning was motivated by the equivalence in the semantics capability was limited to checking semantic types. of the following sentences.

    pdf8p bunmoc_1 20-04-2013 12 1   Download

  • Different codes are attached to section headings, paragraphs of body text, references and even individual characters and words so that each is set in an appropriate type style, size and line spacing. On the left you have two

    pdf13p hoangyen999 05-05-2013 15 1   Download

  • Tham khảo sách 'act a chart type-.a guide to microsofl excel 2002 for scientists and engineers', kỹ thuật - công nghệ, cơ khí - chế tạo máy phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

    pdf338p ngoctu239 27-11-2012 10 0   Download

  • The term "Web Services Anywhere" means that web services can not only be used in any application, but any application can offer web services. ASP.NET web services require the IIS to run; web services that make use of .NET Remoting can run in any application type: console applications, Windows Forms applications, Windows services, and so on. These web services can use any transport with any payload encoding.

    pdf46p hungsalem 26-02-2010 308 135   Download

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