The purpose of this book is to offer a unifying conceptual framework
for the normative study of taxation and related subjects in public eco-
nomics. Such a framework necessarily begins with a statement of the
social objective, taken here to be the maximization of a conventional
social welfare function, and then asks how various government instru-
ments are best orchestrated to achieve it. The structure is built on the
foundation provided by the fundamental theorems of welfare econom-
– QUESTIONS –
(Answers begin on page 126.)
360. All the tulips in Zoe’s garden are white. All the pansies in Zoe’s garden are yellow. All the ﬂowers in Zoe’s garden are either white or yellow. If the ﬁrst two statements are true, the third statement is a. true. b. false. c. uncertain. 361. Blueberries cost more than strawberries. Blueberries cost lest than raspberries. Raspberries cost more than both strawberries and blueberries. If the ﬁrst two statements are true, the third statement is a. true. b. false. c. uncertain. 362.
The assignment sounded forbidding. The ﬁnal project for the colloquial sem
inar in philosophy appeared in my hands three weeks before the end of the
spring semester, 1973. Though it was straightforward enough, selecting the
dozen most inﬂuential individuals in history and defending the choices was
a task this college sophomore found at once both onerous and intriguing. The
professor did not really expect college students to come up with twelve names
and defend them, did he? He did.
If the weakness is predominantly in distal and nonantigravity muscles and not associated with sensory impairment or pain, focal cortical ischemia is likely (Chap. 364); diagnostic possibilities are similar to those for acute hemiparesis.
Sensory loss and pain usually accompany acute lower motor neuron weakness; the weakness is commonly localized to a single nerve root or peripheral nerve within the limb but occasionally reflects plexus involvement.