Although there have been many experimental systems for natural-language access to databases, with some now going into actual use, many problems in this area remain to be solved. The purpose of this panel is to put some of those problems before the conference. The panel's motivation stems partly from the fact that, too often in the past, discussion of natural-language access to databases has focused, at the expense of the underlying issues, on what particular systems can or cannot do. To avoid this, the discussions of the present panel will be organized around issues rather than systems. ...
The International Diabetes Federation reports that the number of diabetics in the world is expected to increase from 194 million in 2003 to 330 million by 2030, when 3 of every 4 sufferers will live in developing countries. Because diabetics are far more frequently under the age of 65 in developing nations, the complications of micro- and macrovascular disease take a far greater toll. In 2005, an estimated 1.1 million people died of diabetes-related illnesses, and 80% of these deaths occurred in low- and middle-income countries.
We turn now to the world's third largest infectious killer, which has taken its greatest toll among children, especially African children, living in poverty.
The Cost of Malaria Malaria's human toll is enormous. An estimated 250 million people suffer from malarial disease each year, and the disease annually kills between 1 million and 2.5 million people, mostly pregnant women and children under the age of 5.
Green bonds involve the issuing entity guaranteeing to repay the bond over a certain period of time,
plus either a fixed or variable rate of return. They can be asset backed securities
(see Breeze Bonds Case
Study – Box 3) tied to specific green infrastructure projects or plain vanilla “treasury-style” bonds issued
to raise capital that will be allocated across a portfolio of green projects (such as the World Bank‟s
Although ultimately intended functions include text generation (e.g., 4), present efforts focus on text analysis: developing the capability to take in essentially unconstrained business text and to output grammar and style critiques, on a sentence by sentence basis. Briefly, we use a large on-line dictionary and a bottom-up parser in connection with an Augmented Phrase Structure Grammar (5) to obtain an approximately correct structural description of the surface t e x t (e.g., we posit no transformations or recovery of deleted material to infer underlying "deep" structures). ...
In this paper we examine the pragmatic knowledge an utterance-planning system must have in order to produce certain kinds of definite and indefinite noun phrases. An utterance.planning system, like other planning systems, plans actions to satisfy an agent's goals, but allows some of the actions to consist of the utterance of sentences. This approach to language generation emphasizes the view of language as action, and hence assigns a critical role to pragmatics.
Research objectives: Based on interpretation of the theoretical issues and practical science of construction intelligentsia Marxism-Leninism in schools under VPA, identify requirements and propose solutions built basic Marxist-Leninist scientific intelligentsia in the VPA schools strong in quantity, quality, structure, enough to fulfill the tasks assigned.
Research purposes: Based clarify fundamental issues of theory and practice; propose solutions built basic political team at the head of an infantry regiment of the Lao People's Army strong in the current period. Analysis of impact factors, objectives, requirements and solutions to enhance team building political heads in the infantry regiment of Lao People's Army the current period.
Chapter 15 explain the cost of capital and taxation issues in project evaluation. This chapter include objectives: Understand the concept of the cost of capital, understand the effect of risk on the cost of capital, understand how the cost of capital can be measured under the imputation tax system, understand why the cost of capital for a company is expressed as a weighted average of the costs of all of the company’s sources of capital,...
An Environmental impact statement (EIS), under United States Environmental law, is a document required by the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) for certain actions "significantly affecting the quality of the human environment". An EIS is...
There is a fundamental law of attraction in the
universe that guides people’s lives and is the
underlying power behind all things. This law was expressed
by Napoleon Hill when he said, “We become what we think
about.” This profound truth has been stated in many different
languages and cultures throughout history. In the second
century of the Common Era, the Roman emperor and Stoic
philosopher Marcus Aurelius said “Our life is what our
thoughts make it.” This idea has been developed over time
and has now become a central tenet in many spiritual traditions....
The Uniform Rules for Bank-to-Bank
Reimbursements under Documentary Credits
(“Rules”), ICC Publication No. 525, shall apply
to all Bank-to-Bank Reimbursements where
they are incorporated into the text of the
Reimbursement Authorisation. They are
binding on all parties thereto, unless otherwise
expressly stipulated in the Reimbursement
Authorisation. The Issuing Bank is responsible
for indicating in the Documentary Credit
(“Credit”) that Reimbursement Claims are
subject to these Rules.
Copula Methods in Finance is the first book to address the mathematics of copula functions illustrated with finance applications. It explains copulas by means of applications to major topics in derivative pricing and credit risk analysis. Examples include pricing of the main exotic derivatives (barrier, basket, rainbow options) as well as risk management issues. Particular focus is given to the pricing of asset-backed securities and basket credit derivative products and the evaluation of counterparty risk in derivative transactions....
Statistical procedures of estimation and inference are most frequently justified in econometric work on the basis of certain desirable asymptotic properties. One estimation procedure may, for example, be selected over another because it is known to provide consistent and asymptotically efficient parameter estimates
under certain stochastic environments.
Global agriculture is now at the crossroads. The Green Revolution of the last century that gave many developing countries such as India a breathing spell, enabling them to adjust the growth of their human populations better to the supporting capacity of their ecosystems, is now in a state of fatigue. Average growth rates in food production as well as factor productivity in terms of yield per unit of mineral fertilizer (NPK) are both declining.
Over the past several years, scientists, public health officials, and policy
makers have become increasingly interested in understanding how the emergence
and spread of infectious diseases could be affected by environmental factors,
particularly variations in climate. In September 1995 the Institute of Medicine/
National Academy of Sciences and the National Science and Technology Council
held a Conference on Human Health and Global Climate Change.
The extended use of networking and the availability of multimedia processing and
sharing applications have clearly gained momentum in the informationised society
where Interactive Multimedia theories, technologies, applications and systems stage
the principal role, as they furnish users with the necessary communication tools. In
that respect, multimedia-enabled devices and tablet computers support fully featured
interactive multimedia applications and cover wide-ranging interaction requirements
from communication and business to games and interactive art.
The marketing mix concept is one of the core concepts of
marketing theory. However, in recent years, the popular
version of this concept McCarthy’s (1964) 4Ps (product,
price, promotion and place) has increasingly come under
attack with the result that different marketing mixes
have been put forward for different marketing contexts.
While numerous modifications to the 4Ps framework
have been proposed (see for example Kotler, 1986;
Mindak and Fine, 1981; Nickels and Jolson, 1976;
Waterschoot and Bulte. 1992) the most concerted
criticism has come from the services marketing area.