Underlying theory

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  • The aim of this book is to study three essential components of modern finance – Risk Management, Asset Management and Asset and Liability Management, as well as the links that bind them together. It is divided into five parts: Part I sets out the financial and regulatory contexts that explain the rapid development of these three areas during the last few years and shows the ways in which the Risk Management function has developed recently in financial institutions.

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  • In the last decade rating-based models have become very popular in credit risk management. These systems use the rating of a company as the decisive variable to evaluate the default risk of a bond or loan. The popularity is due to the straightforwardness of the approach, and to the upcoming new capital accord (Basel II), which allows banks to base their capital requirements on internal as well as external rating systems.

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  • Tài liệu sinh học tiếng Anh: The theory of evolution has been around for some 150 years, and has deeply influenced people's views of the world. The theory maintains that life came about by chance, by itself, and through natural conditions. However, evolution is not supported by any scientific evidence. It is a dogma that materialist scientists and philosophers are trying to impose on society under a scientific mask.

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  • To an economist, a contract is an agreement under which two parties make reciprocal commitments in terms of their behavior - a bilateral coordination arrangement. Of course, this formulation touches on the legal concept of the contract (a meeting of minds creating effects in law), but also transcends it.

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  • Edited by Rajnish Mehra, this volume focuses on the equity risk premium puzzle, a term coined by Mehra and Prescott in 1985 which encompasses a number of empirical regularities in the prices of capital assets that are at odds with the predictions of standard economic theory.This handbook is indispensable for any serious assessment of the state of the art on the famous equity premium puzzle.

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  • .“This book develops the conceptual foundations required for the analysis of markets with asymmetric information, and uses them to provide a clear survey and synthesis of the theoretical literature on bubbles, market microstructure, crashes, and herding in financial markets. The book is not only useful to the beginner who requires a guide through the rapidly developing literature, but provides insight and perspective that the expert will also appreciate.

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  • The Project Gutenberg EBook of Contributions to the Theory of Natural Selection, by Alfred Russel Wallace This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.org Title: Contributions to the Theory of Natural Selection A Series of Essays Author: Alfred Russel Wallace Release Date: August 29, 2007

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  • The Project Gutenberg EBook of A Theory of Creation: A Review of 'Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation', by Francis Bowen This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.org Title: A Theory of Creation: A Review of 'Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation' Author: Francis Bowen Release Date: February 19, 2008...

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  • Orbis Scientiae 1999 constitutes the 28th conference on High Energy Physics and Cosmology that were begun in 1964. It has now become an institution by itself under the aegis of which the physicists convene annually in South Florida. It created a Belle Époque in Coral Gables. The series of Orbis Scientiae started with the participants of highest distinction in physics of the 20th Century. After its first two decades the conferences have been placed in the hands of younger and promising physicists....

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  • Understanding programming and programming languages requires knowledge of the underlying theoretical model. This book explores aspects of programming that are amenable to mathematical proof. The author describes a programming theory which is aspects of programming that are amenable to mathematical proof. The author describes a programming theory which is

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  • Objective Chapter 06: The student will learn that crankshaft design is the estimation of the shaft diameter, crankpin dimensions to ensure satisfactory strength and rigidity when the crankshaft is transmitting power under various operating conditions.

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu khoa học ngành toán học tạp chí Journal of Operator Theory đề tài: Quỹ đạo của mặt cầu đơn vị $ {\ gọi} \ left ({{\ calx} {\ rm {}} \, {\ cal K}} \ bên phải) Dưới $ biến đổi symplectic...

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  • This paper ties up some loose ends in finite-state Optimality Theory. First, it discusses how to perform comprehension under Optimality Theory grammars consisting of finite-state constraints. Comprehension has not been much studied in OT; we show that unlike production, it does not always yield a regular set, making finite-state methods inapplicable. However, after giving a suitably flexible presentation of OT, we show carefully how to treat comprehension under recent variants of OT in which grammars can be compiled into finite-state transducers.

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  • Informally, a disposition is a proposition which is preponderantly, but no necessarily always, true. For example, birds can fly is a disposition, as are the propositions Swedes are blond and Spaniards are dark. An idea which underlies the theory described in this paper is that a disposition may be viewed as a proposition with implicit fuzzy quantifiers which are approximations to all and always, e.g., almost all, almost always, most, frequently, etc. For example, birds can fly may be interpreted as the result of supressing the fuzzy quantifier most in the proposition most birds can fly. ...

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  • Row language, nonterminals defined from summary table, productions defined by rows, rules for defining productions, all possible productions of CFG for row language of the example under consideration, CFG corresponding to the given PDA.

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  • This chapter presents the following content: Non-context-free language, pumping lemma for CFLs, rules for defining productions, all possible productions of CFG for row language of the example under consideration, CFG corresponding to the given PDA,...

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  • Research purposes: Based clarify fundamental issues of theory and practice; propose solutions built basic political team at the head of an infantry regiment of the Lao People's Army strong in the current period. Analysis of impact factors, objectives, requirements and solutions to enhance team building political heads in the infantry regiment of Lao People's Army the current period.

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  • Methodological reductionism is a driving force of scientific thinking. Unlike the more controversial, and philosophically dubious, connotations of the term, methodological reductionism embodies a general principle of intellectual parsimony. It does not establish debatable hierarchies among pedagogically distinct scientific areas, it does not seek to identify equally controversial ultimate constituents of reality. Instead, it attempts the consolidation of a collection of more or less intuitively connected items into a more general item, of which they become refinements or specializations.

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  • I also describe the progress that has been made recently in finding “dualities” or correspondences between apparently different theories of physics. These correspondences are a strong indication that there is a complete unified theory of physics, but they also suggest that it may not be possible to express this theory in a single fundamental formulation. Instead, we may have to use different reflections of the underlying theory in different situations.

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  • This paper analyzes the role of the financial system for economic growth and stability, and addresses a number of core policy issues for financial sector reforms in emerging economies. The role of finance is studied in the context of a circuit model with interacting rational, forward- looking, and heterogeneous agents. Finance is shown to essentially complement the price system in coordinating decentralized intertemporal resource allocation choices from agents operating under limited information and incomplete trust.

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