International Investment Agreements: A survey of Environmental, Labour and Anti-corruption Issues*
This paper surveys the societal dimension of 296 international investment agreements (IIAs) signed by the 30 member countries and of by the 9 non-member countries that participate formally in OECD investment work. Annex 3.A1 to the paper looks at the same issues for 131 IIAs signed by 15 developing countries (including China and India) that are not part of the OECD sample.
The definition of investor and investment is key to the scope of application of rights and obligations of investment agreements and to the establishment of the jurisdiction of investment treaty-based arbitral tribunals. This factual survey of state practice and jurisprudence aims to clarify the requirements to be met by individuals and corporations in order to
investment agreements between host countries and foreign investors. The meaning of the umbrella clauses is one of the most controversial issues with which international arbitral tribunals have been recently confronted with while adjudicating investment disputes brought before them. Through a wide review of the specific textual provisions included in investment agreements,
In the latest guide from the respected Motley Fool, Selena Maranjian uses simple examples and real-world scenarios to demystify the complexities of finance for beginning and intermediate investors. Through an accessible question-and-answer format, this guide tackles the most common questions about understanding investing and stocks, managing portfolios, and evaluating companies.
Everything a novice investor needs to know about getting started in stocks While dozens of books purport to be for the beginning investor, most "beginner" books assume a level of knowledge that true novices just don't have. Understanding Stocksis targeted to the beginning investor, providing a concise yet comprehensive overview of the stock market without subjecting readers to terms and ideas they can't understand and frankly, will probably never use.
You may be surprised, but the market is not as difficult to understand as
you might think. By the time you finish reading this chapter, you
should have enough knowledge of the market to allow you to sail
through the rest of the book. The trick is to learn about the market in
small steps, which is exactly how I present the information to you.
Founded in 1807, John Wiley & Sons is the oldest independent publishing company in the United States. With ofﬁces in North America, Europe, Australia, and Asia, Wiley is globally committed to developing and marketing print and electronic products and services for our customers’ professional and personal knowledge and understanding. The Wiley Finance series contains books written speciﬁcally for ﬁnance and investment professionals as well as sophisticated individual investors and their ﬁnancial advisors.
We have written this book primarily to assist investment bankers,
stakeholders such as regulators and politicians, and those interested in
starting an investment banking career in understanding how ethics can
be applied in investment banking.
Since 2007, as the financial crisis has played out, there has been much
criticism of investment banking and calls for more ethical behaviour by
investment banks and investment bankers.
This report describes the main quantitative investment regulations applied to pension funds in OECD
and selected non-OECD countries as of December 2010.
The questionnaire covers all types of pension plans financed via pension funds. Where regulations
vary depending on the type of plan (occupational, personal, mandatory, voluntary, DB, DC, etc), the tables
identify the types of plan that the investment regulations apply to.
The objective of the research study and this publication is to identify, characterize and
assess the existence and potential of investments in agriculture and agribusinesses in developing
and transition economies through an inventory stock-taking of agricultural investment funds
targeting these countries. The stock-taking is followed by a more comprehensive review of
selected investment funds through case studies.
From time to time, the Manager may on behalf of the
Fund enter into transactions or arrangements with or
involving other members of Bank of Montreal Group
of Companies, or certain other persons or companies
that are related or connected to the Manager of the
Fund. These transactions or arrangements may
include transactions or arrangements with or
involving Bank of Montreal Group of Companies,
BMO Nesbitt Burns Inc., BMO Harris Investment
Management Inc., BMO Asset Management Inc.,
BMO InvestorLine Inc., HIM Monegy Inc., BMO Trust
Company, Pyrford International Ltd.
A more developed agricultural sector enhances food security. This holds particularly
true for SSA, a region with much agricultural potential yet affected by food crises.
Agriculture in this region is often characterized by undercapitalization, low technology,
poor market access, and underutilized or degraded land. These factors increase transaction
costs that weaken the production and sale of agricultural commodities.
There is one reported proposed entry – of
Schroder Investment Management through
the acquisition of a significant minority stake
in an existing AMCor trust company and also
one reported proposed exit, viz. Fidelity
This growth serves to demonstrate that,
at a fundamental level, there are many
significant global and local players that
consider the Indian mutual fund industry
to be attractive. It is necessary to
understand the mix of investors, distributors,
types and number of schemes as factors that
contribute to a sustainable and profitable
The 'how to' approaches are typified by their 'wealth pyramiding' approach. The 'how
to get rich' formulae these authors provide in their self-labelled 'best seller' texts typically portray
real estate as the investor's best opportunity to 'create personal wealth'. The key element of this
approach is to borrrow heavily to buy as many properties as possible. These properties are then
re-mortgaged to draw on equity build-up to provide the deposit for the next investment property. The implicit assumption of these authors is of a continuing strong growth in property
Current investment management practice typically assumes that
the OE portfolio is deﬁned by the fund manager’s investment “style.”
Roughly, style refers to a subset of the investment universe in which a
manager is constrained to operate, such as small capitalization stocks
versus large stocks, or “value” versus “growth” ﬁrms. The style con-
straint may be a self-declared specialization, or it may be imposed
on the manager by the ﬁrm.
The evidence connecting social sustainability with profit and value building is presented in
the second section and supports research the author presented at a previous PRRES
conference (Kimmet 2006). This is vital support for justifying the understanding, and
ultimately measuring, the social sustainability component of real estate. Finally, conclusions
about capitalising on redefined sustainable real estate that values social aspects equally with
economic and environmental components are drawn.
"Chapter 6: International Trade and Investment Theory" understand the motivation for international trade, summarize and discuss the differences among the classical country-based theories of international trade, use the modern firm-based theories of international trade to describe global strategies adopted by businesses.
After studying this chapter, you should understand: How to determine the relevant cash flows for a proposed project, how to determine if a project is acceptable, how to set a bid price for a project, how to evaluate the equivalent annual cost of a project.