I love to fix people! I draw genuine pleasure in helping others achieve success and fulfill their dreams. I have
committed many years of my life to studying the path to success, and have trained, coached, and mentored thousands
of people. Early on, I learned that persuasion is one of the most important skills to develop if you truly want to be in
control and achieve all you can in life. After learning this profound lesson, I decided to dedicate my life even more
specifically to the study of persuasion and influence because I knew it was the only way I would realize my...
Law schools today give the impression they are thriving. Many have magnificent
facilities with state-of-the-art technology. Their resources are the
envy of every department in the university. Law professors are among the
best paid in the academy, with sparkling credentials, and are sought after
not just as leading academic and legal figures but also as public intellectuals,
as consultants, and for important state and federal government positions.
The first decade of the twenty-first century has been a golden age of
plenty for law schools....
Criminal Law was my favorite class as a first-year law student at Northwestern University
Law School in 1958. I’ve loved it ever since, a love that has only grown from teaching it at
least once a year at the University of Minnesota since 1971. I hope my love of the subject
comes through in Criminal Law, which I’ve just finished for the tenth time. It’s a great
source of satisfaction that my modest innovation to the study of criminal law—the textcasebook—
has endured and flourished.
There is a fundamental law of attraction in the
universe that guides people’s lives and is the
underlying power behind all things. This law was expressed
by Napoleon Hill when he said, “We become what we think
about.” This profound truth has been stated in many different
languages and cultures throughout history. In the second
century of the Common Era, the Roman emperor and Stoic
philosopher Marcus Aurelius said “Our life is what our
thoughts make it.” This idea has been developed over time
and has now become a central tenet in many spiritual traditions....
THE Universe is governed by Law - one great Law. Its manifestations are multiform, but viewed from the Ultimate there is but one Law. We are familiar with some of its manifestations, but are almost totally ignorant of certain
others. Still we are learning a little more every day - the veil is being gradually lifted.
We speak learnedly of the Law of Gravitation, but ignore that equally wonderful manifestation, THE LAW OF
ATTRACTION IN THE THOUGHT WORLD.
This book is based on a doctoral thesis completed at the Faculty of Law,
University of Cambridge. It benefited from research funding provided
by Gonville and Caius College and the Faculty of Law in Cambridge,
and from the hospitality and generous assistance of Professors Jürgen
Basedow and Reinhard Zimmermann during a period at the Max
Planck Institute for Comparative and International Private Law in
Hamburg, and of Professor George Bermann during a period as a
Visiting Scholar at Columbia University....
Consumer protection law and criminal law have both received considerable
analysis from academic lawyers. The role of legal intervention with
the aim of protecting the consumer has come in for scrutiny in a number
of seminal works, many of which concentrate upon the role of consumer
law in the marketplace. The role of criminal law has also been discussed
by a large number of leading commentators, with particular attention being
paid to the boundaries of criminal sanctions, and particular concern
being addressed to increasing criminalisation.
With the start of the first prosecutions by the International Criminal Court and the
closing phases of the work of the ad hoc Tribunals, this is a good time for a new book
on international criminal law and its institutions. This book is intended as an accessible
yet challenging explanation and appraisal of international criminal law and
procedure for students, academics and practitioners. We focus on the crimes which
are within the jurisdiction of international courts or tribunals – genocide, crimes
against humanity, war crimes and aggression – and the means of prosecuting them.
This is a book about the paths of constitutional development culminating
in the U.S. Supreme Court’s landmark civil liberties and civil rights jurisprudence
of the 1960s and 1970s. The roads to Mapp v. Ohio (1961) (search
and seizure/privacy), University of California Board of Regents v. Bakke (1978)
(affirmative action), Engle v.
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the European Convention on Human Rights proclaim that everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion, including freedom to manifest their religion or belief in worship, teaching, practice and observance. Even today, in our democratic societies too, this fundamental right is still sometimes restricted and meets with hostility and intolerance.
Paul Robinson thanks the participants of faculty workshops at Northwestern
University School of Law and University of Minnesota Law School, and
the Fordham University School of Law Advanced Criminal Law Seminar.
The first presentation of these materials was as the Sackler Professorship
Lecture at Tel Aviv University in December 2000.
This book was written as a thesis for the Doctorate of Laws, Leiden University.
I am most grateful, first of all, to my supervisor, Professor Peter Kooijmans.
Throughout my working at this study he allowed me to make use of his
wisdom while at the same time affording inspiration and freedom. He never
permitted his demanding task as a Judge at the International Court of Justice
to stand in the way of discussing my thesis with me for many hours. I also wish
to express my profound gratitude to Professor John Dugard, who acted as
The papers in this collection were presented at a conference held in
Saskatoon, Canada, on 17-19 October 1996 under the auspices of the College
of Law, University of Saskatchewan. There are many people and several institutions
to thank for making that conference, and this collection of essays,
The organisation of the conference was one of the pleasurable duties I
undertook in 1996 as the Law Foundation of Saskatchewan Visiting Professor
at the College of Law, University of Saskatchewan.
This research was conducted over a period of 10 years during which time I lived
in five different countries and learnt three languages. The project started
germinating when I was still an undergraduate student and first encountered
comparative constitutional law at the Max Planck Institute in Heidelberg. It
subsequently became the subject of my Diplôme d’Études Approfondies (DEA,
equivalent to a LLM) dissertation and of the PhD proposal that I submitted to
the European University Institute (EUI), where I undertook most of the research
on which this work is based....
At the foundations of the series of reflections offered in this volume are
my Commentaries on the Constitution of 1787 and on its Amendments
published by the Johns Hopkins University Press in 1989 and 1995.
I observed, at the outset of those Commentaries, “I was surprised to
discover, upon preparing [them] for publication, that there evidently had
not been, since the Ratification Campaign of 1787–1788, any other booklength,
section-by-section commentary upon the United States Constitution
proceeding primarily from the original text itself....
This book is based on a PhD thesis written between September 1997 and
December 2000 at the European University Institute in Florence, under the joint
supervision of Giuliano Amato and Jean-Victor Louis.
The viva took place on 5 March 2001. The examining board was composed
of my supervisors, Gráinne de Búrca, Koen Lenaerts and Peter Oliver. I would
like to thank them for their comments, criticism and suggestions. I am especially
grateful to my supervisors, who were always of great help.
This volume brings together some of the best recent work by philosophers
and legal theorists on the conceptual and normative grounding of international
criminal law. Philosophers and other theorists are only just beginning
to write about the emerging field of international criminal law. International
law has taken a significant turn in recent years.