My interest in urban design began in the mid 1950s
with Professor McCaughan’s history of planning
lectures given in the then Department of Civic
Design, University of Liverpool. At those lectures
‘Mac’ made it quite clear that he was a follower of
Camillo Sitte, a Viennese architect whose main work
dated from the last decade of the nineteenth century.
Urban design is a diffuse and abstract term. It means different things to
different people. For those not directly involved in its practice or aware of
its effects on their daily lives, it may not mean much, if anything at all. I first
heard the term in architecture school, but I didn’t really think much about
what it might mean until my schoolmate Jonathan Barnett started using it
to describe his aspiration to put together with some of his colleagues a
design capability in the New York City government.
In recent years, earthquake damage caused by the massive earthquake that happened in many
countries. For example, more than 250,000 people have been killed by the earthquake Haiti
January 2010. In addition, more than 15,000 people have been killed by the Japanese Tohoku
The earthquake and Japan Tohoku coast was devastated by a large tidal wave
Housing of course means homes. To most people this is their most
treasured possession. It is not just bricks and mortar or a financial
investment; it is a vital part of their life. ‘You mould the building and the
building moulds you’ as Winston Churchill is said to have put it. Home
is crucial to everybody’s daily well-being. As such it is normally treated
with pride, and its character and contents are an extension of their per-
sonality. The creation of a home is not therefore just an intellectual
design exercise detached from the occupant. It should be their design.
There is a broad consensus about the optimal design features of buildings for
people with dementia but the external environment has been neglected until
recently. The research on which this book is based was a brave and rare
attempt to fill this gap. This makes this book unique and especially important.
People with dementia, and others with cognitive impairment, are constantly
unnecessarily disabled by incomprehensible environments. We should do all
we can to help them remain independent by giving due thought and attention
Water is an essential and basic human need for urban, industrial and agricultural use.
While there exists an abundance of fresh water resources is available, its uneven
distribution around the globe creates challenges for the sustainable use of this resource.
According to World Health Organization in 2011, over 1 billion people lack safe drinking
water, approximately 3 billion people lack adequate sanitation, and over 2 million people
die annually from water-related diseases.
Part of the San Jose project in which Stefflre Associates, Inc., a market research firm, designed and implemented attitude surveys for the RAND Urban Policy Analysis Group. RAND then analyzed the data. The objectives were to understand and characterize how people in Santa Clara County perceive different living environments and to answer questions about the impact of rapid growth on citizens' attit......