describe environmentally conscious design technique in the field on buildings and
architecture: how to minimize the negative environmental impact of buildings by
enhancing the energy efficiency, water efficiency, use sustainable (renewable or
recyclables) materials of construction. Section 4 is a collection of articles related to
sustainable agriculture and food security: systems of food production that provide
secure supply to meet the world growing population.
Several countries present a series of urban problems, such as: dwelling deficit, infrastructure
problems, inefficient services, environmental pollution, etc. Urban Engineering searches
solution for these problems, by using a conjoined system of planning, management and
Many researches are related to application of instruments, methodologies and tools for
monitoring and acquisition of data, based on the factual experience and computational
Most manufacturing technologies for metallic microstructures
have their roots either in semiconductor (inmost cases, silicon) device production or
in conventional precision machining. Of these, the techniques that are well known
have been used formicrostructure dimensions. Further, they have been adapted and
improved to reach the desired precision and surface quality. In some rare cases, itwas
possible to use the same manufacturing process for macroscale and microscale
devices and to get the desired results.
A soft ground condition exists whenever construction loads a cohesive foundation soil beyond its preconsolidation
stress, as often occurs with saturated clays and silts having SPT blow counts that are near zero. The paper
recommends testing programs, testing methods and data interpretation techniques for developing design
parameters for settlement and stability analyses. It hopes to move the state-of-practice closer to the state-of-the-art
and thus is intended for geotechnical practitioners and teachers rather than researchers.
Focusing on furniture layout, Bukowski and S´ equin  intro-
duce “object association” constraints that are designed to facili-
tate direct manipulation of furniture arrangements. For example,
the user can constrain a bookshelf to slide along walls without
penetration or separation. Xu et al.  present a constraint-
based furniture layout system that incorporates pairwise relation-
ships which enforce stability, non-penetration, and alignment. Ger-
mer and Schwarz  describe an agent-based procedure for fur-
A good example of this merging and perceptual
elevation is Dunescape, the project that won MoMAI
P.S.l's Young Architects Program the year before
Massie's Playa Urbana/Urban Beach. Designed
and built by by SHoP Architects, Dunescape is an
architecturalized landscape built completely as
a series of parallel, stacked dimensional lumber.
While manual labor was required to cut, assemble,
and fasten the pieces in the actual construction, the
methodology was completely digitally driven.