Urban economy

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  • Urban ecology in Berlin has been developing over the past 350 years, from garden floras and wild floras of castles and ruins to the Graduate Research Training Group 780 “Perspectives in Urban Ecology”. This program has brought together universities and scientific institutes from all over Berlin. Since the beginning, urban ecology in Berlin has included approaches from biology and geography, leading to the current interdisciplinary work documented in this summarizing publication.

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  • Martin J Murray is Professor of Sociology at the State University of New York in Binghamton. He is the author of numerous books, including The development of capitalism in colonial Indochina (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press 1980), South Africa: time of agony, time of destiny (London and New York: Verso 1987), and Revolution deferred: the painful birth of post-apartheid South Africa (London and New York: Verso 1995).

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  • The significance of cities as highly productive centres of our increasingly service-oriented economy is growing. Transport networks must be able to support the economic growth, growing populations and diverse expectations of urban activity (including tourism). There is clear global evidence that a comprehensive and well-performing transport system is an important enabler of sustained economic prosperity.

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  • Urban agriculture includes both commercial and non-commercial operations. In California, many agricultural operations fit this broad definition, though the nature of urban and urban edge operations may differ considerably.

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  • C H A P T E R O N E The Micro-Empirics of Agglomeration Economies Stuart S. Rosenthal and William C. Strange 1.1 INTRODUCTION Economics is the study of the allocation of scarce resources. Urban economics focuses on the allocation of resources across space.

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  • These papers describe environmentally conscious design technique in the field on buildings and architecture: how to minimize the negative environmental impact of buildings by enhancing the energy efficiency, water efficiency, use sustainable (renewable or recyclables) materials of construction. Section 4 is a collection of articles related to sustainable agriculture and food security: systems of food production that provide secure supply to meet the world growing population.

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  • INDEX Activity-Based Approach (ABA) 263, 264 aerial photography 81, 85, 93 Africa, GDP per capita 63–7 agglomeration economy 3, 7–22, 35, 66, 89, 90–1, 251, 313, 315, 324–8, 406 geographical scope of 16–18 sources of 12, 18–20 agglomeration, index of 19 agriculture

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  • C H A P T E R T W E N T Y - S I X Macroeconomic Analysis Using Regional Data: An Application to Monetary Policy 26.1 INTRODUCTION Increasingly, macroeconomists have come to recognize that subnational economies, such as those of regions and urban areas, are useful laboratories for examining theory and policy.

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  • C H A P T E R T W E N T Y - S E V E N Measuring and Analyzing Urban Employment Fluctuations 27.1 INTRODUCTION CITIES ARE NOT JUST LITTLE VERSIONS OF THE NATION National economies experience cyclical behavior; they rise and fall, have booms and recessions. From this, we can make the obvious inference that the geographical components of a national economy

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  • This book addresses the theme of the impacts of global warming on different specific fields, ranging from the regional and global economy, to agriculture, human health, urban areas, land vegetation, marine areas and mangroves. Despite the volume of scientific work that has been undertaken in relation to each of each of these issues, the study of the impacts of global warming upon them is a relatively recent and unexplored topic. The chapters of this book offer a broad overview of potential applications of global warming science.

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  • Catherine Alexander teaches anthropology at Goldsmiths College, London. She has worked in Turkey, Kazakhstan and Britain on issues of urban governance, privatisation, property and the built environment. Her recent publications include Personal states: making connections between people and bureaucracy in Turkey (2002) and contributions to the Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, Focaal: European Journal of Anthropology (special issue on cultural property) and the collection edited by C. Humphrey and K.

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  • Agriculture is also a significant source of economic growth. In developing countries, agriculture generates on average 29 percent of the gross domestic product (GDP) and employs 65 percent of the labour force. About two thirds of the world’s agricultural value added is produced in developing countries. At the same time, agriculture also plays an important role in transforming and urbanized economies, where industries and services linked to agriculture account for more than 30 percent of GDP (ibid.).

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  • Today, Vancouver has the smallest per capita carbon footprint of any city in North America. We have been able to achieve this in collaboration with our energy utility providers, senior levels of government, and innovators in the business and non-proit sectors who see new opportunity in responding to this challenge. Because of these achievements, Vancouver is quickly becoming a new green economy hub. Vancouverites have consistently made choices that have turned our home into one of the world’s most livable cities.

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  • Parents and children need a framework for care which provides continuity from pre-pregnancy, through pregnancy and childbirth, to the early years of life. A comprehensive approach to early life is needed which builds on existing programmes to ensure our children get the best start in life8. Midwives have a key role in ensuring that their contribution integrates with the roles of other professionals and agencies working in collaboration with maternity services.

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  • The broad aim of this research is to strengthen the link between the social and environmental sciences, and to foster a change in observed practices by stimulating a dialogue among those involved in the industry, thereby contributing to sustainable development of the local economy. Our scientific aim is to combine a systematic study of the dynamics of the firms involved in the Jepara industrial complex with a quantitative analysis of flows among them, and between them and markets elsewhere. In this report, we summarise the main features of this complex.

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  • The decline in the economy, particularly in the second half of 2008, likely contributed to smaller gains in participants relative to previous years and a number of programs reported losses in the total number of participants. Perhaps surprisingly, nonresidential participant growth was on par with 2007; while the reason for this increase is unclear, one possible explanation could be heightened interest in renewable energy issues in an election year in which renewables and climate change were a focus.

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  • Of late, the coastal ecosystems are highly degraded due to high population and industrial growth (Glasby & Roonwal, 1995; UNEP, 1997). Due to various pollutions including pesticide poisoning (Sen Gupta et al., 1990), over exploitation of water resources by power plant industries and the municipal uses and encroachment for urban developments force the fishing community to the brink of disappearance. When those natural resources are imperilled, so too are the livelihoods of the many people who live and work there.

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  • The challenge of alleviating poverty and improving living conditions for the poorest populations is a formidable one. It is increasingly apparent that such a betterment of the lot of poor people requires an effort that spans all sectors of the economy and may not be easy to achieve through economic growth alone. Improved access to financial services helps poor people by enabling payment transactions that then bring them into the formal sector.

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  • Two years ago today, Bear Stearns was collapsing. In the time since, Americans have faced the worst financial crisis since the Great Depression. Millions have lost their jobs, businesses have failed, housing prices have dropped, and savings were wiped out. The failures that led to this crisis require bold action. We must restore responsibility and accountability in our financial system to give Americans confidence that there is a system in place that works for and protects them. We must create a sound foundation to grow the economy and create jobs....

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  • Ecosystem accounts are being developed as part of the System of Environmental-Economic Accounts which aims at supplementing the UN System of National Accounts with information on the environment and natural capital. The purpose is to broaden the scope of the variables taken into account in policymaking in order to improve understanding of the interdependence and interactions between the economy and the environment.

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