Urban field

Xem 1-20 trên 27 kết quả Urban field
  • Urban Ecology is the study of ecosystems that include humans living in cities and urbanizing landscapes. It is an emerging, interdisciplinary field that aims to understand how human and ecological processes can coexist in human-dominated systems and help societies with their efforts to become more sustainable. It has deep roots in many disciplines including sociology, geography, urban planning, landscape architecture, engineering, economics, anthropology, climatology, public health, and ecology.

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  • Life in cities—i.e., in organized human settlements, which are mostly referred to as communities in this book—is possible only if people have mobility1 on a daily basis—the ability to move around so that they can do what they have to do or like to do. One char- acterization of a city is that it consists of specialized, frequently clustered, activities that perform discrete functions. Residences are separate from workplaces, major shopping is concentrated in identifiable centers, and larger entertainment and relaxation facil- ities are found at specific locations.

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  • Over the past several years, the U.S. military has become increasingly interested in military operations in urban areas. This attention is warranted because such operations are among the most complex challenges that confront the U.S. Army, be it a conventional conflict or military operations other than war.

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  • With advantages such as high strength, high stiffness, high chemical resistance, light weight…composite tubes are widely applied in urban construction and petroleum industry. In this report, the authors used the displacement method to study the mechanical behavior (stress, strain…) of an infinite hollow cylinder made of composite material under unsteady, axisymmetric plane temperature field. In the numerical calculations, we mainly studied the influence of time and volume ratio of the particle on the displacement and thermoelastic stress of a cylinder made of Titanium /PVC composite.

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  • These papers describe environmentally conscious design technique in the field on buildings and architecture: how to minimize the negative environmental impact of buildings by enhancing the energy efficiency, water efficiency, use sustainable (renewable or recyclables) materials of construction. Section 4 is a collection of articles related to sustainable agriculture and food security: systems of food production that provide secure supply to meet the world growing population.

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  • This book addresses the theme of the impacts of global warming on different specific fields, ranging from the regional and global economy, to agriculture, human health, urban areas, land vegetation, marine areas and mangroves. Despite the volume of scientific work that has been undertaken in relation to each of each of these issues, the study of the impacts of global warming upon them is a relatively recent and unexplored topic. The chapters of this book offer a broad overview of potential applications of global warming science.

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  • Target marketing is based on fundamental marketing principles that are employed by just about all firms across all types of products and toward all types of audience segments. As the nation undergoes dramatic demographic shifts, moving today’s ethnic minorities to the majority in many geographic areas, target marketing to ethnic groups will increase.

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  • But what does this trend in competition do for the cities? The answer is certainly not definitive, but in its emerging outlines, it is disturbing yet also offers hope. To the extent that this tendency makes cheap labor locations around the world more accessible, it fur- ther amplifies the competitive disadvantage of urban locations in the United States. The impact of increases in trade with low-wage countries on U.S. employment, especially on low-skilled workers, has been hotly debated (Freeman, 1995; Wood, 1995).

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  • FinCEN agrees that both the insurance regulators and industry will benefit from a more industry-specific format for reporting suspicious activity. Currently, insurance industry SARs are being filed on the SAR-SF, which was designed for the Securities and Futures industry. The Suspicious Activity Report by Insurance Companies No- tice and Request for Comment was published in the Federal Register on November 3, 2005.

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  • Leading air quality professionals describe different aspects of air pollution. The book presents information on four broad areas of interest in the air pollution field; the air pollution monitoring; air quality modeling; the GIS techniques to manage air quality; the new approaches to manage air quality. This book fulfills the need on the latest concepts of air pollution science and provides comprehensive information on all relevant components relating to air pollution issues in urban areas and industries....

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  • The application of biosolids as a fertilizer in agricultural cultivation are common practices in many countries. This study investigates the effects of such practices in field experiments on Fluvisol and Acrisol soils in peri-urban Hanoi City. We compared biosolidfertilized vegetable/rice-dominated systems (biosolids

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  • In the general field of Environmental Psychology an increasing number of studies propose that subjects’ general well-being can be significantly increased as a result of contact with environments considered to have high aesthetic value. The present study has attempted to study the possible effects of the contemplation of everyday landscapes on citizens’ emotional well- being, identifying some of the main affective responses associated with aesthetic judgements of urban landscapes.

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  • When FAO raised the idea of preparing a resource book in collaboration with The Communication Initiative for people involved in communication and natural resource management, it was clear that finding an approach that reflected the diversity of thought, practice and local context would be a challenge.We hope that this document meets that challenge by presenting experiences across cultural and theoretical perspectives in such a way as to enable the reader to reflect on some of the shared principles and lessons learned in this field....

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  • Laura Graham (2006) recently wrote that anthropologists are obligated to promote human rights and social justice. Her call to action, especially among vulnerable communities, is one felt in many disciplines. We take particular pleasure in the range of fields represented in this volume on cultural heritage and human rights: anthropology and archeology (Hugo Benavides, Jan French, Charles Orser, Anne Pyburn, Helaine Silverman, Laurajane Smith, Larry Zimmerman), architectural and landscape history (D. Fairchild Ruggles), landscape architecture and geography (James L. Wescoat, Jr.

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  • Soft sensors are a valuable tool in many different industrial fields of application, including refineries, chemical plants, cement kilns, power plants, pulp and paper industry, food processing, nuclear plants, urban and industrial pollution monitoring, just to give a few examples.

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  • It is now more than 12 years since the publication of William J. Wilson and Robert Aponte’s (1985) survey of urban poverty in the United States. That report still stands alone as an effort to produce “a state of the art review of research and theoretical writing on urban poverty” (Wilson and Aponte, 1985). However, in the intervening years, there has been much work on and even more debate about the nature and causes of poverty in U.S. inner cities. Much of the contribution, indeed, may be attributed to Wilson, who has sparked a new round of work in the field. At the same time, there...

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  • The current nutritional and health profiles of the Mexican population reflect notable failures in the field of social policies. Protein-energy malnutrition and infectious diseases are still relevant public health matters among poor rural and urban populations, and they remain common causes of death during infancy and childhood, and even later in life.

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  • The Reschovsky and Staiti study [28] interviewed both patients and physicians, and provides considerable insight regarding differences in physical accessibility across the urban-rural continuum. The nationally representative survey was fielded in urban, suburban, and remote rural regions. Persons in remote rural regions had significantly longer travel times to see physicians and specialists than persons in metropolitan areas (2 minutes longer to see a physician and 34 minutes longer to see a specialist).

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  • The commercial consists of approximately 50 shots; the product is depicted in only four of them, with shallow depth-of-field showing no more than a frac- tion of the typical LV logo and pattern. As will be shown, this aesthetic forms part of the overall strategy. In contrast to the brand’s luxurious image, the commercial accounts for a simple life in nature or secluded from the stressful urban ambience behind win- dows and layers of haze or mist or rain.

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  • The research field of robotics has been contributing widely and significantly to industrial applications for assembly, welding, painting, and transportation for a long time. Meanwhile, the last decades have seen an increasing interest in developing and employing mobile robots for industrial inspection, conducting surveillance, urban search and rescue, military reconnaissance and civil exploration.

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