A groundbreaking study of urban sprawl in Calgary, "Expansive Discourses" looks at the city’s development after the Second World War. The interactions of land developers and the local government influenced how the pattern grew: developers met market demands and optimized profits by building houses as efficiently as possible, while the city had to consider wider planning constraints and infrastructure costs.In "Expansive Discourses", Foran examines the complexity of their debates from a historical perspective, why each party acted as it did, and where each can be criticized....
There is a debate on the sugar production of the classical methods of analysis are in fact different methods or different simply to develop essentially the same method. In this paper proposed two methods which, without invalidating the previous ones, actually correspond to two different ways of analyzing the yield and thus create favorable conditions for a better understanding of the general problem of the failure of the plate. These methods are almost abandoned "method at the normal time" and a "new method tilt time.
Urban transport system is crucial for economic and social development of our society as
it meets challenging mobility requirements of urban agglomerations. The requirements
are challenging because road transport, which is the most problematic transport mode, is
dominating the urban transport activities. The main problems with the road transport are that
the infrastructure is not generally suffi cient for whole traffi c conditions and the vehicles are
powered by internal combustion engines that require fossil fuels to burn and emit pollutant
emissions during their normal operations....
Active in the area attacked by a large. The last chapter presents a simulation study
collective behavior in disaster.
I would like to express my special thanks to Mr. Igor Babic, Ivana Lorkovic her, and she
Ivana ZEC. Last but not least, I want to thank the entire staff of Intech - Open
Access Publishing, especially Mr. Igor Babic, professional support and technical
support in all steps of the process that led to the realization of this book.
Representing nearly fifty years of cooperation between Wiley and the Structural Stability Research Council, the Guide to Stability Design Criteria for Metal Structures is often described as an invaluable reference for practicing structural engineers and researchers. For generations of engineers and architects, the Guide has served as the definitive work on designing steel and aluminum structures for stability.
The guidelines provide a framework of approaches and tools that can be applied in different
degrees of depth and breath, according to the level of resources and capacities of each city.
Therefore, they provide a useful reference for any city, regardless of its size or level of devel-
QCVN 03:2012/BXD: Quy chuẩn kỹ thuật quốc gia về nguyên tắc phân loại, phân cấp công trình dân dụng, công nghiệp và hạ tầng kỹ thuật đô thị (National Technical Regulation on Rules of Classifications and Grading of Civil and Industrial Buildings and Urban Infrastructures).
The Report describes the existing road network and presents the planned road network for year 2020, aimed to provide vehicular capacity to the forecasted traffic levels and modal split as described in Chapter 5 Vol.3 of the Main Report. As part of the master plan, a feasibility study was made on certain selected high priority sub-projects. This Report presents the technical aspects of one selected project, which is Ring Road No. 2.
Humanity relies on ecosystem products and services including resources, waste absorptive
capacity, and space to host urban infrastructure. Environmental changes such as deforestation,
collapsing fisheries, and CO2 accumulation in the atmosphere indicate that human demand may
well have exceeded the regenerative and absorptive capacity of the biosphere.
Several countries present a series of urban problems, such as: dwelling deficit, infrastructure
problems, inefficient services, environmental pollution, etc. Urban Engineering searches
solution for these problems, by using a conjoined system of planning, management and
Many researches are related to application of instruments, methodologies and tools for
monitoring and acquisition of data, based on the factual experience and computational
Anomalous climatic outcomes such as higher temperatures, intense rainfall and flood, frequent and severe droughts are now at the new level. Without appropriate adaptation measures, climate change is bound to exacerbate vulnerability of society, place food security and human health at risk, threaten the lives of growing urban population and impede the goal of attaining sustainable development. The human and social dimensions of climate change, including climate policy, are essential parts of our response to the many challenges emanating from climate change....
These guidelines use sustainable urban infrastructure as the entry point
for building sustainable cities. Sustainable urban infrastructure can only
be built if we reconsider our strategic view of urbanization – if we rethink
the future of cities. A new strategy based on more effective urban
planning, strengthened local institutions and governance processes
as well as enhanced economic contribution of cities is needed.
The guidelines have been developed to inspire change among local governments (and
other actors in the ﬁ eld of urban development) in the planning, designing and managing of
urban infrastructure. The goal is to encourage an integrated approach, taking into account
principles and criteria of eco-efﬁ ciency and social inclusiveness.
The way we design, plan and build our cities and their
infrastructure is critical for developing competitive and liveable
cities. Cities are already suffering from severe environmental
problems, such as pollution, congestion and excessive
waste, while the basic needs of hundreds of millions of urban
residents are yet to be met. The unprecedented urbanization
imposes an even greater challenge for providing adequate
housing, energy, water, sanitation and mobility to all.
Cities are at a crossroads.
The city is a complex amalgamation of numerous phenomena, based on a multiplicity of
dynamic interactions. Due to an increase in density, an almost continuous cooperation
between the inhabitants occurs often resulting in socio-economic improvement. Considering
the constant development of living standards – infrastructure, production and
consumption – the city and urbanization should generally be regarded as something positive
without thereby disguising problems of social inequality and violence.
Current efforts to address climate change focus mainly on reducing emissions of greenhouse
gases, mainly through cleaner energy strategies, and on attempting to reduce vulnerability of
communities at risk by improving infrastructure to meet new energy and water needs. This
report attempts to set out a compelling argument for including ecosystem‐based approaches to
mitigation and adaptation as a third and essential pillar in national strategies to address climate
change. The report is targeted at both Bank task teams and country clients.
Throughout the entire project many assumptions and methodological decisions had to be made along
the various calculation steps in the domains of air pollution, epidemiology and economics. On each
level, the method of dealing with uncertainty had to be defined. The research group decided that the
main calculation ought to apply an “at least” approach, thus consistently selecting methodological
assumptions in a way to get a result which may be expected to be “at least” attributable to air
A long-standing tenet of distributed systems is that the strength of a distributed system can grow as more hosts partic-
ipate in it. Each participant may contribute data and computing resources (such as unused CPU cycles and storage) to
the overall system, and the wealth of the community can scale with the number of participants. A peer-to-peer (P2P)
distributed system is one in which participants rely on one another for service, rather than solely relying on dedicated
and often centralized infrastructure.
The Readymade did not and was not able to address itself to
depiction; its concern is with the object, and so if we were to
classify it within the canonical forms it would be sculpture. But
no-one who has thought about it accepts that a Readymade is
sculpture. Rather it is an object that transcends the traditional
classifications and stands as a model for art as a whole, art as a
historical phenomenon, a logic, and an institution. As Thierry
de Duve has so well demonstrated, this object designates itself
as the abstraction ‘art as such’, the thing that can...
This report provides an overview of several indicators and data sets for measuring IPv6 deployment.
This report was prepared by Ms. Karine Perset of the OECD‟s Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry. The Working Party on Communication Infrastructures and Services Policy (CISP) recommended, at its meeting in December 2009, forwarding the document to the Committee for Information, Computer and Communications Policy (ICCP) for declassification. The ICCP Committee agreed to make the document publicly available in March 2010.