P A R T I I
Urban Land Use
Land rents, population densities, building heights, and lot sizes vary dramatically within urban areas. Central business areas may have 60-story ofﬁce buildings, while small, two- or three-story buildings lie unused and boarded up just a mile or two away.
Since 2000, the shrimp industry expands at a fast rate in the coastal areas of the Mekong
Delta, Vietnam. Shrimp farming is known for its negative impact on the coastal environment. However,
other human interventions like agriculture and urbanization also deteriorate the coastal environment.
The land cover changes between 1968 and 2003 were determined and analyzed for the Cai Nuoc district,
Ca Mau Province, Vietnam, using photos from 1968, 1992 (aerial photographs), 1997/98 (Spot)
and 2003 (Landsat).
Development of efficient and effective road network is the most important policy agenda for sustainable urban area development and growth in the study area. Urban area has been quickly expanding towards the outer areas along major roads. Dramatic population increase expected in the future requires a huge amount of urban areas for housing and other socio-economic activities. In order to support and guide these development demands properly, well articulated road network is the must.
This document sets the framework for Land Acquisition, Resettlement and Rehabilitation (LARR) for the affected families in Ring Road No.2 and UMRT/Hanoi Highway. It provides an assessment on the magnitude of involuntary resettlement defines compensation for lost assets and establishes the institutional mechanisms for resettlement activities.
The technical report covers the overall aspects related to urban and regional planning in the study area, including current urbanization and socio-economic conditions, housing and industrial development, land conditions, and institutional aspects.
Ho Chi Minh City is a one of the biggest cities of Vietnam. Before 1945, there were about 400,000 inhabitants living in the city. During the last two decades, it became the biggest industrial and commercial center of the country. According to the statistics in 2005, its population was about 6.2 million people. In the suburban areas of the city, particularly in the northern part, agricultural activities produce the main income of these local residents.
A groundbreaking study of urban sprawl in Calgary, "Expansive Discourses" looks at the city’s development after the Second World War. The interactions of land developers and the local government influenced how the pattern grew: developers met market demands and optimized profits by building houses as efficiently as possible, while the city had to consider wider planning constraints and infrastructure costs.In "Expansive Discourses", Foran examines the complexity of their debates from a historical perspective, why each party acted as it did, and where each can be criticized....
This change has been matched by increasing demand for urban design practitioners and, more generally, for urban design skills throughout the built environment and land and property professions, and by an increasing demand for urban design education at universities and in the workplace.
Before 1989, urban agriculture was almost non-existent in Havana. There was no need, not even for the poorest residents, to grow food, as food was distributed by the State. However, because of the food crisis, urban agriculture emerged. President Fidel Castro proclaimed that no piece of land should be left uncultivated. So even on the front lawn of the Ministry of Agriculture (MoA), crops were planted.
In some cities, urban agriculture is an important coping strategy for households. Because women often have the responsibility for food procurement for the household, they are frequently involved in urban agricultural production and sales. Urban agriculture presents a number of challenges, including competition for scarce land, degradation of soils, and pollution .
Urban agriculture is significant to the history of the City of Detroit, from ribbon farms to Mayor Pingree’s famous potato patches of the nineteenth century, victory gardens to gardening angels of the twentieth century and a burgeoning of garden network capacity to gardening programs in the twenty-first century.
Urban agriculture includes both commercial and non-commercial operations. In California, many agricultural operations fit this broad definition, though the nature of urban and urban edge operations may differ considerably.
C H A P T E R T W E N T Y - O N E
Property and Land Taxation
Local governments in the United States and elsewhere rely heavily on property taxation to ﬁnance their expenditures. This state of affairs is not surprising, because the property tax enjoys several advantages over other taxes.
C H A P T E R E I G H T
Testing for Monocentricity
The monocentric city model of Muth (1969) and Mills (1972) is still the dominant model of urban spatial structure. Its central predictions – that population density, land values, and house prices fall with distance from the city center
C H A P T E R S E V E N T E E N
Urban Transportation and Land Use
This chapter is an introduction to the economics of the connection between urban transportation and land use. The nature of the transportation system strongly inﬂuences the patterns of land use in an urban area.
P A R T I I I
Housing and Real Estate
Whereas the monocentric city model attempts to explain broad spatial patterns in prices and land use within urban areas, the subﬁelds of housing and real estate are generally conducted at more micro levels of analysis.
This book addresses the theme of the impacts of global warming on different specific fields, ranging from the regional and global economy, to agriculture, human health, urban areas, land vegetation, marine areas and mangroves. Despite the volume of scientific work that has been undertaken in relation to each of each of these issues, the study of the impacts of global warming upon them is a relatively recent and unexplored topic. The chapters of this book offer a broad overview of potential applications of global warming science.
C H A P T E R F I V E
The Spatial Pattern of Land Use in the United States
There is currently great interest in understanding and managing the impacts of land-use changes on individual and social well-being.
C H A P T E R S E V E N
Space in General Equilibrium
How do households distribute themselves in a spatial dimension? Do they distribute themselves efﬁciently? What determines land-use patterns?
The water problems in Asia’s cities are similar. These
include sources and uses of raw water, the large propor-tion of water loss in distribution networks, intermittent
supply, and the quality of tap water. In some cities, the
excessive use of groundwater resources has caused
serious environmental problems, including rapid deple-tion of groundwater, deterioration of water quality, and