National strategies to address cervical cancer prevention and control should be a part of a
comprehensive approach that includes prevention with HPV vaccination for young girls,
screening and treatment for women diagnosed with precancerous lesions, and treatment and
palliative care for women with invasive cervical cancer. In order to have an impact on cervical
cancer mortality these programmes must have universal coverage of the targeted population
and financing for long-term sustainability.
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Biodegradable Nanoparticles are Excellent Vehicle for Site Directed in-vivo Delivery of Drugs and Vaccines
Over the centuries, from Edward Jenner to Bill Gates, as our scientific
understanding of diseases has increased, so has the focus on prioritizing
new vaccines to help achieve better health. Despite the expanding interest
in and support toward improving global health, constraints inherent to
vaccine development and delivery present decision makers with difficult
choices. Given the lack of effective tools and models to assist the decisionmaking
process, renewed attention is needed to improve the approaches
available for priority setting and for guiding investment decisions....
Getting treatment of an endometrium problem before it becomes cancer is another way to
lower the risk of endometrial cancer. Most endometrial cancers develop over many years.
Many are known to follow, and maybe start from, less serious problems of the lining of
the uterus, such as increased growth of this lining (hyperplasia). Some cases of
hyperplasia will go away without treatment. But sometimes it needs to be treated with
hormones or even surgery. Treatment can prevent hyperplasia from becoming cancer.
Counseling can be delivered in a variety of forms that share the definition presented above. Forms
of counseling differ with respect to participants, delivery location, communication medium, and
interaction process. Counseling participants can be individuals, couples, or groups. The
location for counseling delivery can be face-to-face or at a distance with the assistance of
technology. The communication medium for counseling can be what is read from text, what is
heard from audio, or what is seen and heard in person or from video.
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về sinh học được đăng trên tạp chí sinh học Journal of Biology đề tài: Comparison of different delivery systems of DNA vaccination for the induction of protection against tuberculosis in mice and guinea pigs
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về sinh học được đăng trên tạp chí sinh học Journal of Biology đề tài: DNA-vaccination via tattooing induces stronger humoral and cellular immune responses than intramuscular delivery supported by molecular adjuvants
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về sinh học được đăng trên tạp chí sinh học Journal of Biology đề tài: Liposomal delivery of p-ialB and p-omp25 DNA vaccines improves immunogenicity but fails to provide full protection against B. melitensis challenge
A pre-tested questionnaire was used by a trained
counselor to obtain information on demographic
characteristics, social and medical history from the
subjects. Other important information about PTB such
as previous BCG vaccination, contact with an index
case and exposure to tuberculin skin test were also
Laboratory investigations: Three early morning sputum
were collected from each consenting asymptomatic
subject. The samples were transported to TB laboratory
of the department of Medical Microbiology and
Parasitology, UCH, for immediate processing.
Some of the poorest countries have significantly reduced
maternal and newborn mortality and improved women’s and
children’s health. Innovative approaches can achieve even more,
eliminating barriers to health and producing better outcomes.
These approaches need to be applied to all activities:
leadership, financing (including incentives to achieve better
performance and results), tools and interventions, service
delivery, monitoring and evaluation.
The rapidly increasing number of applications for microemulsions has kept this relatively old topic still at the top point of research themes. This book provides an assessment of some issues influencing the characteristics and performance of the microemulsions, as well as their main types of applications. In chapter 1 a short introduction about the background, various aspects and applications of microemulsions is given. In Part 2 some experimental and modeling investigations on microstructure and phase behavior of these systems have been discussed. ...
Adenoviral vectors serve as an excellent gene delivery system for a variety of cell
types or organs for gene therapy and immunization applications. In the second section
‘Adenoviral Vector’, chapter five introduces the history of adenovirus research, the
advantage and disadvantage of adenoviral vector, the adenoviral vector induced
innate immune response, the evolution of adenoviral vector system, the application of
adenoviral vector in gene therapy, and adenoviral vaccine.
An additional element in the prevention of introduction and spread of disease is the use of
vaccination. The manual does not cover this aspect but the importance of an appropriate
vaccination strategy is acknowledged, and vaccination as a possible risk management measure
should form part of the overall biosecurity assessment and strategy.
The purpose of the manual is to establish a minimum set of biosecurity guidelines, applicable to
all poultry producers (including ratites) from hatcheries to the point of delivery at the processor.
Guided by the belief that all lives have equal value, the
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation works to help all people
lead healthy, productive lives. our Global health Program
supports this mission by harnessing advances in science
and technology to save lives in poor countries.
We focus on problems that have a major impact on people
in the developing world but get too little attention and
funding. Where proven tools exist, we support sustainable
ways to improve their delivery.
Our long-term vision is that children in developing
countries are protected from or effectively treated
for enteric and diarrheal diseases at the same rate as
children in developed countries. a number of low-cost
interventions exist and are effective for reducing child
deaths due to these diseases, but today they are not
available for many people in developing countries.
Monitoring for coverage, effectiveness, impact, usage (loss and wastage), and safety of
vaccines should be planned and use existing systems as much as possible. Collection of
coverage data can be challenging, and should include disaggregated data by dose and age
at delivery site. Nominal registries may be useful for collecting coverage information and
ensuring proper follow-up, but may require unique national identifiers. With appropriate
technical support, vaccine impact evaluations may be done using HPV prevalence studies
in certain settings.
Delivery strategies based on existing vaccination programmes and programme staff may
not require additional human resources. However, training and supervision of staff are
critical components of a delivery strategy, and will require specific funds for preparation of
guidelines, manuals, training materials and methods to evaluate competencies. Supervision
of staff should use existing human resource infrastructure, and aim to strengthen
procedures and schedules.