Vaginal discharge

Xem 1-12 trên 12 kết quả Vaginal discharge
  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về sinh học được đăng trên tạp chí sinh học Clinical Microbiology đề tài: Genital tuberculosis in a tamoxifen-treated postmenopausal woman with breast cancer and bloody vaginal discharge...

    pdf4p thulanh9 08-10-2011 34 2   Download

  • Clinical Presentation and Staging Patients with cervix cancer generally are asymptomatic, and the disease is detected on routine pelvic examination. Others present with abnormal bleeding or postcoital spotting that may increase to intermenstrual or prominent menstrual bleeding. Yellowish vaginal discharge, lumbosacral back pain, lower-extremity edema, and urinary symptoms may be present. The staging of cervical carcinoma is clinical and generally completed with a pelvic examination under anesthesia with cystoscopy and proctoscopy.

    pdf5p konheokonmummim 03-12-2010 44 3   Download

  • Bacterial Vaginosis This syndrome (formerly termed nonspecific vaginitis, Haemophilus vaginitis, anaerobic vaginitis, or Gardnerella-associated vaginal discharge) is characterized by symptoms of vaginal malodor and a slightly to moderately increased white discharge, which appears homogeneous, is low in viscosity, and evenly coats the vaginal mucosa. An interesting observation is that new genital HPV infection in young women is associated with increased subsequent risk of developing bacterial vaginosis.

    pdf5p chubebandiem 14-12-2010 29 3   Download

  • Gonococcal Infections in Females Gonococcal Cervicitis Mucopurulent cervicitis is the most common STI diagnosis in American women and may be caused by N. gonorrhoeae, C. trachomatis, and other organisms. Cervicitis may coexist with candidal or trichomonal vaginitis. N. gonorrhoeae primarily infects the columnar epithelium of the cervical os. Bartholin's glands occasionally become infected. Women infected with N. gonorrhoeae usually develop symptoms. However, the women who either remain asymptomatic or have only minor symptoms may delay in seeking medical attention.

    pdf5p colgate_colgate 21-12-2010 35 3   Download

  • Risk assessment is followed by clinical assessment (elicitation of information on specific current symptoms and signs of STDs). Confirmatory diagnostic tests (for persons with symptoms or signs) or screening tests (for those without symptoms or signs) may involve microscopic examination, culture, antigen detection tests, genetic probe or amplification tests, or serology. Initial syndrome-based treatment should cover the most likely causes. For certain syndromes, results of rapid tests can narrow the spectrum of this initial therapy (e.g.

    pdf5p chubebandiem 14-12-2010 35 2   Download

  • Vulvovaginal Infections Abnormal Vaginal Discharge If directly questioned about vaginal discharge during routine health checkups, many women acknowledge having nonspecific symptoms of vaginal discharge that do not correlate with objective signs of inflammation or with actual infection. However, unsolicited reporting of abnormal vaginal discharge does suggest bacterial vaginosis or trichomoniasis. Specifically, an abnormally increased amount or an abnormal odor of the discharge is associated with one or both of these conditions. Cervical infection with N. gonorrhoeae or C.

    pdf8p chubebandiem 14-12-2010 33 2   Download

  • Other Causes of Vaginal Discharge or Vaginitis In the ulcerative vaginitis associated with staphylococcal toxic shock syndrome, Staphylococcus aureus should be promptly identified in vaginal fluid by Gram's stain and by culture. In desquamative inflammatory vaginitis, smears of vaginal fluid reveal neutrophils, massive vaginal epithelial-cell exfoliation with increased numbers of parabasal cells, and gram-positive cocci; this syndrome may respond to treatment with 2% clindamycin cream.

    pdf5p chubebandiem 14-12-2010 43 2   Download

  • Leukorrhea is a usually whitish vaginal discharge that may occur at any age and affects virtually all women at some time. Although some vaginal discharge (mucus) is physiologic and nearly always present, when it becomes greater or abnormal (bloody or soils clothing), is irritating, or has an offensive odor, it is considered pathologic. Pathologic discharge is often coupled with vulvar irritation. Commonly, the pathologic conditions are due to infection of the vagina or cervix.

    pdf28p lananhanh123 27-08-2011 116 2   Download

  • This book is aimed specifically at medical practitioners in primary care who require a quick guide to help diagnose and manage genital problems. As such this is not a comprehensive text but a prompt to “what to do next” when faced with a patient presenting with a genital complaint. A list of reference textbooks is provided in Further Reading and I would suggest you have at least one of these available for perusing at a more leisurely pace at a later time.

    pdf153p camchuong_1 10-12-2012 25 1   Download

  • Numerous misconceptions surround endogenous infections. For example, many women believe, or are mistakenly told by medical practitioners, that their symptoms result from much more serious sexually transmitted infections. This can occur if the presence of inflammation or discharge caused by endogenous infections is confused with discharge produced by STIs such as gonorrhea or chlamydia. Indeed, many studies show that even experienced clinicians cannot reliably distinguish between vaginal discharge caused by sexually transmitted or endogenous infections.

    pdf58p le_minh_nha 18-12-2012 27 1   Download

  • Inspection of the vulva and perineum may reveal tender genital ulcerations (typically due to HSV infection, occasionally due to chancroid) or fissures (typically due to vulvovaginal candidiasis) or discharge visible at the introitus before insertion of a speculum (suggestive of bacterial vaginosis or trichomoniasis).

    pdf5p chubebandiem 14-12-2010 30 3   Download

  • Because there is significant variation and overlap in the appearance of dif- ferent etiologies of vaginitis, objective testing should always be undertaken. Any symptomatic, colored, or foul-smelling discharge should be sampled from the lateral vaginal wall for microscopic examination. Such specimens usually are obtained before other testing to decrease the presence of red blood cells. Secretions are mixed with a small amount of normal saline either in a test tube or on a slide with a protective cover slip to prevent air-drying.

    pdf6p connicquy 20-12-2012 18 2   Download

CHỦ ĐỀ BẠN MUỐN TÌM

Đồng bộ tài khoản