This free book of Exercises reinforces theoretical applications of stock market analyses as a guide to Corporate Valuation
and Takeover and other texts in the bookboon series by Robert Alan Hill. The volatility of global markets and individual
shares, created by serial financial crises, economic recession and political instability means that investors (private,
institutional, or corporate) cannot rely on “number crunching”.
The Usefulness of Accounting and NonFinancial Information in Explaining Revenues and Valuations for Internet Firms Table 1.7 presents regression models for the average level of SAT scores across
MSAs. Column A includes only the choice index as a regressor. It enters with a positive
coefficient, implying that fully decentralized MSAs produce average SAT scores about forty
points higher than do those with only a single district.
SEEING THE INVISIBLE: A TEST OF RATIONAL EXPECTATIONS IN THE VALUATION OF HUMAN CAPITAL Preferred
districts need not have particularly effective schools, however, when peer group enters into
parental valuations, as wealthy families can be stuck in ineffective schools by their
unwillingness to abandon the peer group offered. For parental valuations that place
substantial weight on school effectiveness, this becomes less likely as Tiebout choice
increases parents exit options.
In this chapter: Relate venture capital methods to more formal equity valuation methods, understand how valuation and percent ownership are related, calculate the amount of shares to be issued to secure a fixed amount of funding, understand the impact of subsequent financing rounds on the structure of the current financing round, construct multiple-scenario valuations and unify them in a single valuation.
Chapter 7 focuses on stock valuation. Chapter 7 explains the characteristics of stock that distinguish it from debt and the chapter describes how companies issue stock to investors. You’ll have another chance to practice time-value-of-money techniques as the chapter illustrates how to value stocks by discounting either the dividends that stockholders receive or the free cash flows that the firm generates over time.
Chapter 6 introduces you to interest rates and bond valuation. In this chapter, you will learn: Know the important bond features and bond types, understand bond values and why they fluctuate, understand bond ratings and what they mean, understand the impact of inflation on interest rates, understand the term structure of interest rates and the determinants of bond yields.
The topics discussed in this chapter are equity markets and stock valuation. After completing this unit, you should be able to: Understand how share prices depend on future dividends and dividend growth, be able to compute share prices using the dividend growth model, understand how share markets work, understand how share prices are quoted.
Chapter 1 provides the introduction to the rest of the text. This chapter discuss the terms and framework necessary to understand the more complex subjects that appear later in the book. The focus in this chapter and the rest of the text is on equity valuation. Chapter 1 will also discuss the various definitions of value, the valuation process, the application of valuation models, and the roles and responsibilities of analysts.
This chapter discusses the various forms of return encountered in investment management. Among the return types discussed are required returns, which will be used later in the text for equity valuation. The required return is what the investor expects to earn on an investment, given the investment’s risk. To determine the required return, we will use several different models, such as the capital asset pricing model (CAPM).
In chapter 3, we used dividends as the measure of shareholder cash flow in stock valuation. In chapter 4, we will utilize free cash flow. Whereas dividends are the cash flow actually paid to shareholders, free cash flow (FCF) is the cash flow available to shareholders.
This chapter builds on the previous chapter by providing the analyst another tool with which to value firm equity. We will discuss: How residual income is measured, how it is used in valuation, how it looks in real-world examples, how it compares with other valuation techniques, when it is most appropriate, how it depends on accounting data.
In this chapter, we will examine the P/E and other ratios that scale a firm’s market valuation to a measure of firm value. These ratios will be used to determine the relative valuation of a common share. They are widely used in practice because in a single number, they provide the firm’s market valuation relative to some firm fundamental.
We are now able to apply these concepts to determining the value of different securities. In particular, we are concerned with the valuation of the firm’s long-term securities – bonds, preferred stock, and common stock (though the principles discussed apply to other securities as well).