When interest rates rise, amortizing securities may also lose value at an increasing rate, as their
average lives extend. For example, a mortgage security may, at current interest rates, have an
estimated average life of five years. Average life refers to the average length of time a dollar of
principal remains outstanding. However, as rates rise and fewer homeowners prepay, the
security may then have an average life of seven years. Its price sensitivity will consequently
become similar to a seven-year security, rather than a five-year security.
It is helpful...
The dissertation aimed to analyze the activities of the stakeholders involved in the pineapple value chain in Tien Giang province and analyze the VAT, VAT distribution between the stakeholders who are in the pineapple value chain as well as detect the bottlenecks that need to improve in order to enhance the economic value of the chain, through which proposed a number of solutions to improve the income of poor households who have been planting pineapples in Tien Giang province.
The traditional view of the relationship between business and the arts is
very much a one-way affair: organisations may endorse, fund or publicise
the arts but the arts have nothing to offer from a business perspective. The
Value of Arts for Business challenges this view by showing how the arts,
in the form of Arts-based Initiatives (ABIs), can be used to enhance valuecreation
capacity and boost business performance. The book introduces
and explains three models that show how organisations can successfully
implement and manage ABIs.
Experts estimate that more than fifty percent of all Customer Relationship Management (CRM) implementations will be seen as failures from a company’s viewpoint. However, implemented the right way, CRM is useful, profit-enhancing, and even vital to businesses. Focusing on the implementation of effective customer strategy and driving return (i.e., through customer insight vs. simply loyalty), CRM Unplugged demonstrates how CRM should be defined, approached, and profitably applied to any size business....
This book shows how the principles of finance can be used by executives
to enhance the value of their companies. Dr. Weaver had been a
senior executive in finance at Hershey Foods for twenty years through
1998, when he joined the Finance Department at Lehigh University. For
the past ten years as a director of the Financial Management Association,
he has organized and directed a program linking financial principles
to financial practices. These full-day sessions focused on the
interaction between financial theories and real world practices.
I will be putting my entire second edition online, while the book goes through the printing process – it will be available at the end of the year. This may seem like a bit of a free lunch, and I guess it is. I hope, though, that you can do me a favor as you go through the manuscript. If you find any mistakes – mathematical or grammatical – could you please let me know? It would help me ensure that the typos do not find their way into the final version.
smartpower also learned from over seven years of message research in the area of renew-
able energy and energy efficiency that the “environmental” message is not the answer to
motivate consumers to purchase renewable energy technologies. Consumers already under-
stand the environmental benefits of solar power, but those benefits have not been persua-
sive enough to broaden market adoption.
The different Controls are grouped into different types
depending on the functionality they offer. Text Edit Controls allow users to enter and edit text while Text
Display Controls only display text to the user. Selection list Controls display a set of values to the user and
allow users to select a value from the list. Graphic storage Controls store graphics, such as images, in it
and Graphic Display Controls are used to display graphics,
such as images. RichText Controls are text controls that are enriched with extra
functionality that differentiate them from other text controls....
2006, the value of agricultural production contributes 25% of national GDP, which
feed production constitute 77% and 23% for livestock production. enhance livestock
produce up to 30% of total output from agriculture is one of the important components
economic development plan - the Government's social. The Government of Vietnam
committed to promoting growth and poverty reduction.
As indicated above, while YouthAIDS highlighted PSI’s ability to manage consumer brands, this
same discipline had not been applied to the corporate “PSI brand.” PSI’s core audience was
defined as those who influence resource decisions for public health investments in developing
countries. As a result, PSI had focused its branding and outreach efforts with multi- and bi-
lateral government donors. PSI had not been historically marketed to a broader audience and
was not well-known to the general public.
This project supports the development of crops with small profit in central Vietnam, developing high-value sawlogs glue for the wood processing industry of Vietnam's solid. Project to build scientific capacity of the Forest Science Institute of Vietnam (FSIV) to breed varieties suitable for acacia sawlog production, research and silvicultural applications to support sustainable forest and profitable.
Given the variation in credit scoring methodologies, raw credit scores possess no
intrinsic meaning, and comparing raw scores across companies is of limited value.
Normalized or “standardized” results afford more meaningful comparisons. Averaged across
all companies, the spread in standardized scores between “no minority” and “all minority”2
ZIP Codes was 38.9 percentiles—a very considerable gap.
he land value tax is a variant of the
property tax that imposes a higher
tax rate on land than on improve-
ments, or taxes only the land value.
Many other types of changes in property tax
policy, such as assessment freezes or limita-
tions, have undesirable side effects, including
unequal treatment of similarly situated tax-
payers and distortion of economic incentives.
Land value taxation would enhance both the
fairness and the efficiency of the property tax.
In an effort to help companies improve efficiencies through enhanced communication and collaboration, Microsof
recently developed 30 applications for Microsoft Windows
Services. These applications were tailored
to address the requirements of specific business processes (the link to these applications can be found in the
“Relevant Resources” section). In addition, the applications served as a starting point for partners and developers
to build deeper Microsoft Windows SharePoint Services solutions.
This professional development handbook has been designed to support schools in making
effective use of teacher aides and bilingual tutors. The handbook has been adapted from the
professional development programmes for bilingual tutors and Pasifika bilingual teacher aides.
The ten modules are designed as a professional development programme lasting approximately
two terms. This allows about two hours per fortnight per module for the coordinating teacher and
teacher aides to read the module notes and complete the tasks either as individual schools or
with a local cluster (see p 9).
The main differences between a hedge fund and a private
equity fund are: (a) the private equity fund looks to use
leverage to buy companies to obtain full management control
for purposes of changing its structure operations, whereas a
hedge fund trades assets without looking for full control; (b)
the hedge fund covers a multitude of styles, only one small part
of which might involve buying shares to force management to
make value enhancing changes (activist); and (c) hedge funds
often (but not always) have a shorter investment horizon than
private equity firms.
Transfers of land rights should be based on users’ voluntary and informed
agreement, provide them with a fair level of proceeds, and should not involve
expropriation for private purposes. To create these preconditions, local people
need to be aware of their rights, the value of their land, and ways to contract,
and have assistance in analyzing investment proposals, negotiating with
investors, monitoring performance, and ensuring compliance.
Esthetics (also spelled aesthetics) is a subdiscipline
of value theory or axiology, which is a branch of philosophy
that studies sensory values, sometimes called
judgments of sentiment or taste. Esthetics is closely associated
with the philosophy of High Art. Esthetics
includes art as well as the very purpose behind it. Esthetics
as a branch of philosophy studies art, the methods of
evaluating art, and judgments of art. Art has existed
through all recorded human history. Art is unique to
human beings because of our innate ability to abstract.
There is a natural tradeoff in many cases between relevance and reliability. For example,
the value of an infrequently traded asset may be very relevant, if the clear intent is to even-
tually sell that asset to meet a liability. But the valuation of such an asset may be difficult
or impossible to reliably determine. Different parties may place materially di fferent values
on that asset, such that the reported value is impossible to verify by an external party or
auditor. The only reliable value for the asset may be its original cost, but such a value...