Vascular infections

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  • This book aims to provide a brief overview of conventional open vascular surgery, endovascular surgery and pre- and post-operative management of vascular patients. The collections of contributions from outstanding vascular surgeons and scientists from around the world present detailed and precious information about the important topics of the current vascular surgery practice and research. I hope this book will be used worldwide by young vascular surgeons and medical students enhancing their knowledge and stimulating the advancement of this field....

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  • Emergency Vascular Surgery – A Practical Guide provides a concise guide to managing patients with all kinds of emergent vascular problems. It is not intended to be a “classic” textbook, so the background information given is very concise. The focus is instead on management and treatment, especially open surgical strategies. The text is written for newcomers to the vascular surgical field, for surgical trainees, and for all doctors who treat emergent vascular surgical patients in the emergency department....

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  • Students of medical history and practitioners should take delight in reading this new edition of Steven Friedman’s AHistory of Vascular Surgery. If the author was considered to be an aspiring writer with the publication of his original text in 1989, he must now be recognized as an accomplished contributor to our understanding of the historical underpinnings of one of medicine’s newest disciplines – vascular surgery. Afew tidbits reflect the breadth of this book.

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  • Vascular device–related infection is suspected on the basis of the appearance of the catheter site or the presence of fever or bacteremia without another source in patients with vascular catheters. The diagnosis is confirmed by the recovery of the same species of microorganism from peripheral-blood cultures (preferably two cultures drawn from peripheral veins by separate venipunctures) and from semiquantitative or quantitative cultures of the vascular catheter tip.

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  • Necrotizing Fasciitis This infection may arise at a site of minimal trauma or postoperative incision and may also be associated with recent varicella, childbirth, or muscle strain. The most common causes of necrotizing fasciitis are group A streptococci alone (Chap. 130) and a mixed facultative and anaerobic flora (Chap. 119). Diabetes mellitus, peripheral vascular disease, and intravenous drug use are associated risk factors.

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  • Urinary Tract Infections Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are infrequently caused by S. aureus. In contrast with that of most other urinary pathogens, the presence of S. aureus in the urine suggests hematogenous dissemination. Ascending S. aureus infections occasionally result from instrumentation of the genitourinary tract. Prosthetic Device–Related Infections S. aureus accounts for a large proportion of prosthetic device–related infections.

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  • The last quarter of a century has seen dramatic developments in the management of cardiovascular diseases. Besides the pioneering developments in the medical management of cardiovascular disorders the field of interventional cardiology has also emerged as a major discipline with a huge impact on the clinical management of acute coronary syndrome, chronic coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, and peripheral vascular and valvular diseases.

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  • Intravascular catheters are an integral part of the daily practice of medicine in the intensive care unit. As such, management of these catheters poses significant challenges to the practitioner. Vascular access is necessary in the intensive care setting, yet the devices themselves put patients at significant risk for infection. As hospital infection rates are increasingly used as a surrogate marker for measuring patient safety and quality healthcare, preventing catheter-related infection takes on added import...

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  • Stroke is a vascular disease for which mortality and morbidity are relatively well-documented because most stroke victims are admitted to hospitals. Trends in stroke mortality, incidence, and prevalence are somewhat similar to those for other cardiovascular conditions. Stroke mortality has been decreasing since the 1960s, but without a consistent decrease in stroke incidence. Stroke incidence has even been reported to have been higher in the 1980s than during the 1970s, and there was no sustained decline in incidence during the 1990s....

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  • PATHWAY #4 DIABETIC FOOT DISORDERS VOLUME 45, NUMBER 5, SEPTEMBER/OCTOBER 2006 S–29 be present. Hospitalization is required to treat the infection as well as systemic sequelae. Patients with poor vascular status and ischemia have an increased potential for amputation and require prompt consultation for potential revascularization (30, 77, 200). In 2004, the Infectious Disease Society of America (IDSA) developed new guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of diabetic foot infections (123).

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  • Vitrification has been investigated for tissue-engineered bone and blood vessels. Liu & McGrath (2003) explored the potential of vitrification for the cryopreservation of tissueengineered bone constructs consisting of a hydroxyapatite scaffold-cell complex. Cell survival was 92.0% for suspended cells and 43.0% for attached cells. In terms of tissueengineered blood vessel constructs, the effects of vitrification and conventional cryopreservation were compared (Elder et al., 2005). Collagen-based vascular constructs were used as models in this study.

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  • NO is a gaseous molecule, synthesized by NO synthase (NOS), an enzyme that catalyses the oxidation of L-arginine to NO and L-citrulline. At least two types of NOS can be reported, constitutive NOS (cNOS) and inducible NOS (iNOS) (168) . cNOS is produced by many cells in the upper and lower respiratory system, such as parasympathetic vasodilator nerves, endothelial cells and ciliated mucosa cells (169) .

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Infection, vascularization, remodelling - are stem cells the answers for bone diseases of the jaws?

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  • Endovascular procedures have a tremendous impact upon modern patient care. This book summarizes covered stent-graft applications in the experimental and clinical settings. Excellent illustrations document the acute and chronic behavior of stent-grafts within the vascular system including diagnostic imaging, histologic work-up and schematic drawings. A large amount of experience on intravascular ultrasound-based repair of aortic pathologies is presented. Physicians interested in the endovascular field will find this book a very stimulating resource. ...

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  • This method is real-time PCR, which can be a qualitative or quantitative assay since amplification and detection of amplified products occur simultaneously. Then, typing is performed. Typing is primarily used for epidemiologic investigations, for studies on pathogenesis such as multiple serotype infections, for unusual or especially severe infections, or for treatment approaches such as high titer γ-globulin. The nucleotide sequences from these fragments were determined by a DNA auto sequencer with fluorescent dideoxy chain terminators.

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  • While there are still gaps in understanding pulmonary vasculature, tremendous progress has been made in understanding its functionality, its adaptation to hypoxia, the effects of increased pulmonary vascular resistance on the right ventricular function, and the molecular pathways affected in this process. As a result, there are currently seven therapies for pulmonary arterial hypertension and the field is rapidly moving forward, with several novel molecular targets under development.

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Critical Care giúp cho các bạn có thêm kiến thức về y học đề tài: The Bair Hugger patient warming system in prolonged vascular surgery: an infection risk?

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  • Diseases of the nervous system number in the hundreds and are too numerous and varied to be learned in their entirety. Hence the common practice of subdividing them into categories—traumatic, vascular, neoplastic, infective, metabolic, degenerative, congenital, and so forth. In our textbook, Principles of Neurology, we describe the various categories of neurologic disease and the main diseases that constitute each category.

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  • The term osteomyelitis encompasses a broad group of infectious diseases characterized by infection of the bone and/or bone marrow. The pathogenesis of these diseases can follow acute, subacute or chronic courses and involves a range of contributory host and pathogen factors. A commonly used aetiological classification distinguishes between three types of osteomyelitis: acute or chronic haematogenous disease seeded by organisms in the bloodstream, local spread from a contiguous source of infection and secondary osteomyelitis related to vascular insufficiency. ...

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  • Acute haematogenous osteomyelitis refers to infection of bone resulting from bacteria in the bloodstream. This is seen most often in children, with initial infection thought to occur in the richly vascularised metaphyseal region (Gutierrez, 2005). Children are thought to experience frequent episodes of bacteraemia, often with no apparent symptoms, leading to seeding and development of osteomyelitis (Conrad, 2010). The pathogenesis of this process has been theoretically described.

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