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Subjective memory complaints, vascular risk factors and psychological distress in the middle-aged: a cross-sectional study
WHO has a long tradition in synthesizing the evidence on health aspects of air
quality and in preparing air quality guidelines defining conditions for healthy air.
We are grateful to the outstanding scientists conducting this work. We hope that
these new guidelines will be useful globally to people assessing indoor air quality
with a view to predicting its effects on health, and also to those with responsibil-
ity for introducing measures to reduce health risks from indoor exposure to air
The role of the placental bed in normal pregnancy and
its complications has been intensively investigated for
50 years, following the introduction of a technique for
placental bed biopsy. It is now recognized that disorders
of the maternal–fetal interface in humans have
been implicated in a broad range of pathological conditions,
including spontaneous abortion, preterm
labor, preterm premature rupture of membranes, preeclampsia,
intrauterine growth restriction, abruptio
placentae, and fetal death.
This book considers diagnosis and treatment of abdominal and thoracic aortic
aneurysms. It addresses vascular and cardiothoracic surgeons and interventional
radiologists, but also anyone engaged in vascular medicine. The book focuses amongst
other things on operations in the ascending aorta and the aortic arch. Surgical
procedures in this area have received increasing attention in the last few years and
have been subjected to several modifications.
The perfect cardiac catheterization technique, including good diagnostic and therapeutic
qualities, without risk and with no recovery time for the patient, does not exist. Obtaining
initial access to the arterial circulation is the first and most frequent catheterization difficulty
encountered by the interventional cardiologist during the procedure. Often, it is also the
only difficult part of the exam for the patient because it may cause a vagal reaction or
Stroke is a vascular disease for which mortality and morbidity are relatively
well-documented because most stroke victims are admitted to hospitals. Trends in
stroke mortality, incidence, and prevalence are somewhat similar to those for other
cardiovascular conditions. Stroke mortality has been decreasing since the 1960s,
but without a consistent decrease in stroke incidence. Stroke incidence has even
been reported to have been higher in the 1980s than during the 1970s, and there
was no sustained decline in incidence during the 1990s....
In 1856, Rudolf Virchow published “Cellular pathology” based on macroscopic and
microscopic observation of diseases, and described a triad of factors on thrombosis. The
three components were vascular change, blood flow alteration, and abnormalities of blood
constituents. Although Virchow originally referred to venous thrombosis, the theory can
also be applied to arterial thrombosis, and it is considered that atherothrombus formation is
regulated by the thrombogenicity of exposed plaque contents, local hemorheology, and
Governments The U.S. Treasury and state and local governments raise large sums in the money market.
The Treasury raises funds in the money market by selling short-term obligations of the U.S. government
called Treasury bills. Bills have the largest volume outstanding and the most active secondary market of any
money market instrument. Because bills are generally considered to be free of default risk, while other
money market instruments have some default risk, bills typically have the lowest interest rate at a given
Despite the flurry of media and political attention to air quality-induced illnesses and deaths, the
question still remains as to what will be the future air quality in Ontario and what are the health
consequences. Are more aggressive measures required to reduce the risk of poor air quality for
human health? What benefits would be realized now and in the future from improved air quality?
These are examples of pertinent environmental policy questions for which sound answers are
needed. This need has been recognized for many years by the OMA.
Although there are required evacuation drills, tornado drills, and other drills depending on the area of the country, it has most often been found that there is insufficient communication and collaboration between the first responder community and those in SL/LTC settings. Full evacuations are not often performed due to resource limitations and actual risk to residents in such circumstances.
The recommendations are based on four guiding
First, PSPs should perform specifi c assessments
of the risks associated with providing internet
payment services, which should be regularly
updated in line with the evolution of internet
security threats and fraud. Some risks in this
area have been identifi ed in the past, for example
by the Bank for International Settlements in
2003 6 or the Federal Financial Institutions
Examination Council in 2005 and 2011.
The sharp decline in trade, foreign direct investment and access to international financing,
poses a risk to the global supply chains that underpin innovation. These supply chains are critical
sources of new knowledge and learning. They provide companies with technical expertise, knowledge
of foreign markets, critical business contacts and international partners. The current decline of trade
and investment flows (Figure 4) could have severe consequences for these knowledge transfers and
for innovation at the global level.
Looking ahead, those surveyed expect the lead director to delve further into shareholder
and governance issues, be more involved in risk management, drive succession planning
to ensure the process produces top leaders, and strengthen the independence of the board.
On the horizon also are issues related to how the lead director’s role will change if compa-
nies alter their organizational structure. At the surveyed companies, 67 percent still have a
combined position of board chairman-CEO despite increasing pressures from stakeholders
and regulators to split these functions.
Arsenic is a strong stimulus of heme oxygenase (HO)-1 expression in experimental studies in response to oxidative stress caused by a stimulus. A functional GT-repeat polymorphism in the HO-1 gene promoter was inversely correlated to the development of coronary artery disease in diabetics and development of restenosis following angioplasty in patients. The role of this potential vascular protective factor in carotid atherosclerosis remains unclear. We previously reported a graded association of arsenic...
To test the model’s predictions we use a sample of Dutch households. In the Fall of 2003
we included some specific questions on trust, attitudes towards risk, ambiguity aversion, and
optimism to a sample of 1,943 Dutch households as part of the annual Dutch National Bank
(DNB) Household survey. These data were then matched with the 2003 wave of the DNB
Household Survey, which has detailed information on households’ financial assets, income, and
This includes being at risk for all medical and long term care costs. A health center taking on this
program must be comfortable assuming significant financial risk as well as be able to assume the significant
regulatory requirements for PACE that parallel much larger Medicare Advantage health plans. Despite the
risk, PACE is one of the few accepted models for fully integrating health and long term care services for
disabled elders and is a very significant resource for communities that have the programs.
PACE began as a Medicare waiver program but is now a full Medicare benefit.
The first part of the article deals with the relation-
ship between Eurosystem monetary policy decisions and
market interest rates. It looks, on the one hand, at the
links between central bank rates and money market rates
and, on the other hand, at the trend during the crisis of
the risk-free yield curve, i.e. that of AAA-rated euro area
government bonds. The second section addresses the
question of long-term market rates harbouring credit risk.
record of Australia is too patchy for paleontologists to say whether there were any
placental mammals in Australia at this time. Abundant Australian fossils date
back to about 25 million years ago, at which point all the mammals in Austrlia
were marsupials. They evolved into a spectacular range of forms, including kan-
garoos and koalas. It was not until 15 million years ago that Australia moved close
enough to Asia to allow placental mammals—rats and bats—to begin to colonize
The risk of arterial disease and microvascular complications in people with diabetes are known
to be related to the extent of hyperglycaemia with time. While the lifestyle, oral agent, and
injectable therapies discussed in this guideline can improve blood glucose control, their efficacy
is limited, as the underlying pathogenesis of diabetes worsens with time. As symptoms are not
a reliable guide to blood glucose control in people on therapy, it is important to have an
accurate means of measuring blood glucose control over time, to enable decision-making.