Vehicle components

Xem 1-20 trên 37 kết quả Vehicle components
  • 7 a) What is the part/ item to take out water on the windscreen of a car? b) What is the part at the top of a car? c) What protects from the wind? d) What covers the car engine? e) Where can you put your suitcases/ luggage in the car? f) What helps the driver see that the front car is turning left or right? g) What can you see on a car so that you know where you sign the car? Answer the following questions:

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  • In recent years, the U.S. Army has become increasingly interested in “commonality”—the sharing of common parts across different entities. Commonality has implications for procurers, designers, developers, trainers, logisticians, and operators. Unfortunately, commonality is poorly defined and conceptualized, which can contribute to confused discussion and poor decisionmaking. For example, engines are often described as “common,” even if significant components, such as the turbocharger, have been removed to make the engines fit different vehicle types.

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  • Discussion Questions & Answers: Cf: F & O (2005) and F, O, & F (2002) Q1. Why should a tax on gasoline provide a larger incentive to reduce air emissions from motor vehicles than an annual tax on owning a vehicle? Answer: The answer depends upon the magnitude of the fuel tax relative to the vehicle tax. A fuel tax targets the three components of emission reduction (i.e. a) number of vehicles on the road; b) miles per vehicle; and c) emissions per mile). On the other hand, an annual tax affects only the marginal decisions to put a car...

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  • The European RSAP, developed by the EC, lays out the over-arching European strategy to road safety, including road design and operations, vehicle design (crashworthiness), emergency response, and active safety (eSafety). The concept of active safety is firmly established within the RSAP as an important program component. For example, some potential government policy and program measures discussed in the RSAP are the following:

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  • The idea of combining electrical engines and internal combustion (IC) engines has a long history. In 1901 J. Lohner and F. Porsche had already presented a first hybrid electric vehicle (HEV). But this revolutionary concept did not reach full maturity because the electrical components were not developed. The main concern was the battery, a high-performing battery system with acceptable long-term endurance was not available at the time. The battery of the vehicle shown in Figure 1 had a weight of not less than 1800 kg. It was not until the end of the twentieth century that HEVs became a...

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  • In the development of a new vehicle platform, its crashworthiness is an important concern, and it is imperative to compare the impact severity of the vehicle and occupants under various test and design conditions. Since an impact is a physical event that involves analyses of impulses and energy components, such as kinetic energy, energy absorption, and energy dissipation, the analyses require both the principle of work and energy and that of impulse and momentum.

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  • Vehicles require thrust forces, generated at the tires, to initiate and maintain motion. These forces are usually referred to as tractive forces or the tractive force requirement. If the required tractive force (F) is broken into components the major components of the resisting forces to motion are comprised of acceleration forces (Faccel = ma & I forces), Gradeability requirements (Fgrade), Aerodynamic loads (Faero) and chassis losses (Froll resist ).

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  • The usual approach of epidemiological studies is to measure the association between at least one specific pollutant (e.g. PM, NOx, CO or O3) and health outcomes. These specific components are usually highly correlated with other pollutants and are considered indicative of the complex pollutant mixture. It is unclear how much the associations reported in epidemiological studies represent the independent effects of specific pollutants.

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  • The goal of a system approach to vehicle design is to define the technical specifications of each component, in such a way that the vehicle, as a whole, performs its functions according to assigned procedures and objectives. By technical specifications, we mean a set of physical measurements that define each part, completely without the use of detailed drawings.

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  • More than 93 percent of car thefts occur in metropolitan areas where motor vehicle theft remains a pervasive problem. Western states, in particular, experience high rates of motor vehicle theft, while nationally a car or truck was stolen every 28.8 seconds in 2007. The FBI Uniform Crime Reports released in September 2008 estimate 1.1 million motor vehicle thefts in 2007, with an estimated value of $7.4 billion.

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  • There are a few terms specific to mobile robots that must be defined to avoid confusion. First, the term robot itself has unfortunately come to have at least three different meanings. In this book, the word robot means an autonomous or semi-autonomous mobile land vehicle that may or may not have a manipulator or other device for affecting its environ- ment. Colin Angle, CEO of iRobot Corp. defines a robot as a mobile thing with sensors that looks at those sensors and decides on its own what actions to take....

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  • A second criterion for meaningful research on cross-language transfer is the recognition that literacy comprises many component skills. The component skills of reading must be carefully assessed in the first and second language to trace the development of first- and second-language abilities in relation to one another.

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  • Changing or improving technology. Technologi cal improvements to vehicles are limited by local capacity to absorb the technology, which includes both turnover rates and capabilities for servicing and maintenance, and by the availability of fuel appropriate for the technology. Consequently, vehicle technology strategies need to be developed in response to particular local circumstances and in concert with fuel strategies.

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  • Despite the different methods used, the results of the three countries are similar, especially concerning PM10 levels caused by road traffic. The differences in total PM10 can be explained by the fact that (a) the background concentration is higher in Central and Eastern Europe than in the Western parts of Europe and (b) for Switzerland, large areas at higher altitudes have significantly lower PM10 levels. Furthermore, the sulphate fraction of the background concentration may increase from Western to Eastern Europe, resulting in an increase of the non-traffic related PM10 fraction.

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  • Cooling off period and cancelling this policy Federal law lets you cancel your policy within 21 days of its purchase. Just Car also lets you cancel your policy at any time. In both cases, so long as you haven’t made a claim, we will refund you the unexpired portion of the risk premium component of your total premium, as well as a pro-rata refund of any taxes and charges to which you are entitled to by law, less a $30 processing charge. To cancel your policy, please call us on 13 13 26. We can only cancel your policy by giving...

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  • Legislatures are considering this issue. In 2008, the Maryland legislature amended its title laws to include brands for flood and cosmetic damage to the definition of salvage vehicles. The new law redefines the term “salvage” to mean that cost to repair the damaged vehicle is greater than 75 percent of the vehicle’s pre-damage fair market value. The fiscal note on the bill indicated it will prevent vehicles involved in accidents from being rebuilt and resold under false brands. ...

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  • This forecast is designed to support policy-makers through providing a view on future vehicle numbers, ages, types and the potential implications for costs going forward. This work will also help to guide suppliers and Government, including the Cabinet Office and the Department of Business, Innovation and Skills, regarding the size and nature of the ‘pipeline’ of future rolling stock construction, potential for life extension, and requirements for future re-engineering to meet technical and customer requirements. ...

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  • Mechatronics, the synergistic blend of mechanics, electronics, and computer science, has evolved over the past twenty-five years, leading to a novel stage of engineering design. By integrating the best design practices with the most advanced technologies, mechatronics aims at realizing highquality products, guaranteeing, at the same time, a substantial reduction of time and costs of manufacturing.

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  • The main topic of "Fuel injection in automotive engineering" book is fundamental process that determines the development of internal combustion engines and performances of automotive vehicles. The book collects original works focused on up-to-date issues relevant to improving injection phenomena per se and injection systems as the engine key components.

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  • If you’re a regular reader of Packet®, you’ve no doubt noticed our new look. Packet has been redesigned to match a new look and feel that has been incorporated throughout all of Cisco’s communications vehicles. From the commercials you see on TV, to the boxes that deliver your latest networking components, the company is adhering to a cohesive design philosophy that is collectively referred to in marketing circles as a corporate identity system.

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