Ground vehicles can navigate using signals from external navigation systems
such as the Global Positioning System (GPS) (Figure 1.1), or by using signals
from internal devices such as a compass, an odometer, a gyroscope, an
accelerometer, or a full-blown inertial navigation system (INS). In practice,
the most reliable and accurate navigation is obtained by combining data from
all available sources, including static databases such as a digitized map. This
chapter will discuss many of these sources of navigation data, and methods
for combining them....
This book, “DSP for In-Vehicle and Mobile Systems”, contains a collection
of research papers authored by prominent specialists in the field. It is
dedicated to Professor Fumitada Itakura of Nagoya University. It is offered
as a tribute to his sustained leadership in Digital Signal Processing during a
professional career that spans both industry and academe. In many cases, the
work reported in this volume has directly built upon or been influenced by the
innovative genius of Professor Itakura....
Important factor in political decision-making is a public opinion as well. Therefore, it is very important to raise global ecological awareness and wider public education regarding ecology. Goal of this book is to bring closer to the readers new drive technologies that are intended to environment and nature protection. The book presents modern technique achievements and technologies applied in the implementation of electric vehicles. Special attention was paid to energy efficiency of EV's. Also today's trends, mathematical models and computer design elements of future cars are presented....
Lead-acid starter batteries are used in land, sea, and air vehicles. Batteries for vehicles are discussed in this chapter. The production of starter batteries approaches 60 million pieces. About 16 million pieces are used for motor vehicle production and about 38 million pieces keep the vehicles ready for operation as back-up batteries. A considerable number of imported and exported pieces play a part in this market. With these numbers Europe achieves about two-thirds of the U.S. production. ...
The applications of underwater vehicles have shown a dramatic increase in recent years,
such as, mines clearing operation, feature tracking, cable or pipeline tracking and deep
ocean exploration. According to different applications, the mechanical and electrical
configuration and shape of an underwater vehicle are different. For instance, manipulators
are necessary when doing mines clearing operation or some other tasks which need to deal
This is the seventh report by the National Research Council Standing Committee
to Review the Research Program of the Partnership for a New Generation
of Vehicles (PNGV). The PNGV program is a cooperative research and development
(R&D) program between the federal government and the United States
Council for Automotive Research (USCAR), whose members are DaimlerChrysler
Corporation, Ford Motor Company, and General Motors Corporation (GM).
The demand of vehicle navigation and guidance has been urgent for many years. The idea of integrating multisensor navigation systems was implemented. The most efficient multisensor configuration is the system integrating an inertial navigation system (INS) consisting of MEMS based micro sensors and a global positioning system (GPS). In such system, the GPS is used for providing position and velocity whereas the INS for providing orientation. The estimation of the system errors is performed by a Kalman...
BMW first introduced Park Distance Control (PDC) on the 7 series (E32) in
1992. PDC is a driver assistance system that facilitates parking and
manoeuvring in confined spaces.
The rear area of the vehicle is monitored by four ultrasonic transducers that
are integrated into the rear bumper. On some vehicles, the front area of the
vehicle is also monitored by four additional ultrasonic transducers in the front
Ultrasonics is the term used to describe sound above the human hearing
range at frequencies between 20 kHz and 1000 MHz.
In-vehicle dialogue systems often contain more than one application, e.g. a navigation and a telephone application. This means that the user might, for example, interrupt the interaction with the telephone application to ask for directions from the navigation application, and then resume the dialogue with the telephone application. In this paper we present an analysis of interruption and resumption behaviour in human-human in-vehicle dialogues and also propose some implications for resumption strategies in an in-vehicle dialogue system. determine type of workload and act accordingly. ...
Motor vehicle theft is one of the most significant issues facing law enforcement today. This chapter identify types of motor vehicle theft, be familiar with techniques for disposing of stolen motor vehicles, describe challenges associated with the theft investigation of heavy equipment and farm equipment identify major investigative resources, discuss methods for assisting in the identification of a recovered vehicle, list and explain several vehicle theft fraud indicators,…
Secure Dissemination of Video Data in Vehicle-to-Vehicle Systems presents about Motivation, Objectives, Related Work, Core Design (Active Bundle Concept, System Architecture, Video Recording, Face Recognition, Video Recreation), Evaluation, Pros and Cons.
Dạy trẻ em là công việc tương đối khó và phức tạp bởi trẻ chưa thực sự có ý thức học tập như người lớn và hầu hết còn rất ham chơi. Để trẻ tập trung vào bài học, giáo viên cần dạy học kết hợp với các trò chơi vui nhộn và lý thú. Bài viết sau xin giới thiệu một trò chơi nhằm giúp trẻ học từ mới. Trình độ: tiếng Anh sơ đẳng Ngôn ngữ: Big (to), Small (nhỏ), Colour (các từ chỉ màu sắc), Vehicle (các từ chỉ xe cộ) Thời gian: 15 phút Tổ chức:...
Discussion Questions & Answers: Cf: F & O (2005) and F, O, & F (2002) Q1. Why should a tax on gasoline provide a larger incentive to reduce air emissions from motor vehicles than an annual tax on owning a vehicle? Answer: The answer depends upon the magnitude of the fuel tax relative to the vehicle tax. A fuel tax targets the three components of emission reduction (i.e. a) number of vehicles on the road; b) miles per vehicle; and c) emissions per mile). On the other hand, an annual tax affects only the marginal decisions to put a car...
The field of machine learning is concerned with the question of how to construct computer programs that automatically improve with experience. In recent years many successful machine learning applications have been developed, ranging from data-mining programs that learn to detect fraudulent credit card transactions, to information-filtering systems that learn users' reading preferences, to autonomous vehicles that learn to drive on public highways. At the same time, there have been important advances in the theory and algorithms that form the foundations of this field....
The European RSAP, developed by the EC, lays out the over-arching European
strategy to road safety, including road design and operations, vehicle design
(crashworthiness), emergency response, and active safety (eSafety). The concept
of active safety is firmly established within the RSAP as an important program
component. For example, some potential government policy and program measures
discussed in the RSAP are the following:
a) What is the part/ item to take out
water on the windscreen of a car?
b) What is the part at the top of a car?
c) What protects from the wind?
d) What covers the car engine?
e) Where can you put your suitcases/
luggage in the car?
f) What helps the driver see that the
front car is turning left or right?
g) What can you see on a car so that you
know where you sign the car?
Answer the following questions:
Hydrogen fuel cells are one of the most promising alternatives to internal combustion engine hybrids and pure battery electric power for propelling passenger vehicles. Compared to internal combustion engine hybrid vehicles burning hydrocarbon fuels, fuel cell vehicles offer three primary advantages. First, the fuel cell system produces no tank-to-wheel carbon dioxide emissions and no other harmful emissions such as oxides of nitrogen, carbon monoxide, or particulates. Second, the fuel cell system offers the potential for approximately 30% higher well-to-wheel energy efﬁciency.
The idea of combining electrical engines and internal combustion (IC) engines has a long history. In 1901 J. Lohner and F. Porsche had already presented a ﬁrst hybrid electric vehicle (HEV). But this revolutionary concept did not reach full maturity because the electrical components were not developed. The main concern was the battery, a high-performing battery system with acceptable long-term endurance was not available at the time. The battery of the vehicle shown in Figure 1 had a weight of not less than 1800 kg. It was not until the end of the twentieth century that HEVs became a...