This process of cohort succession is thus increasing the
average literacy rate of the population 60 and older over time. In addition, Phnom Penh elderly represent
a larger share of the SEC sample than of the national population of elderly and, as indicated above, since
the literacy level of Phnom Penh elderly is above the national average, this also has the effect of raising
the average literacy level compared to nationally representative census results. However when tabulations
of SEC are limited to persons 66 and older to correspond to the cohorts who were 60 and older in 1998,
Herein, we describe a novel method that addresses the above-mentioned problems, namely,
a semi-intact cell assay coupled with green fluorescence protein (GFP)-visualization
techniques. By using the semi-intact cell system, we can observe the morphological changes
that occur in “preexisting” organelles during mitosis more easily, and, at the same time, can
investigate the effects of exogenously added antibodies, drugs, and recombinant proteins on
One motivation that was lacking in the United States was the need to help finance the
In fact, the absence of a sizable outstanding national debt posed a
problem in designing a system that would not compete with commercial bank lending
activities. Sensitivity was high, as well, to the possibility that a nationwide postal bank
might drain funds from local to big-city financial markets.
Edwards et al (2006) report indoor air quality monitoring in nearly 400 households in the
three provinces of Hubei, Shaanxi, and Zhejiang in 2002-2003. Great care was taken to
select homes that reflect the diversity of fuels and stove technology and stove
performance in China. PM4 concentrations in 75 percent of kitchens and 73 percent of
living rooms during the winter - and 48 percent of kitchens and 46 percent of living
rooms during the summer - exceeded the national indoor air quality PM10 standard of 150
for a 24 hour average. If PM10...
Neither randomized clinical trials nor meta-
analysis are available and evidence is based on a number of retrospective studies with
multivariate for mortality risk factors or data from national cancer registries (Gilliland et al.,
1997; Hundahl et al., 1998). Unfortunately, very remarkable differences in patient’s selection,
staging systems, and clinical management affect the available studies. In particular,
radioiodine treatment is not routinely carried out in a standard manner and outcome results
of different studies are thus not comparable (Sciuto et al., 2009).
Admission to veterinary programmes around the globe is a highly competitive process, with
candidates typically required to attain top grades in science-based subjects to qualify for
entry. Owing to the large number of applicants to veterinary schools, interviews often form
part of the selection process. Although curricula will vary from provider to provider,
veterinary programmes are extremely intensive courses of study and typically include pre-
clinical, para-clinical and clinical components.
In much of the developing world, health systems at the local level are
fundamentally failing to sustain and improve the lives of women. In many
cases women are the last to receive adequate health care and are dying because
of it. Women are dying because they do not have access to emergency obstetric
care when they require it. Women are at risk because their nation, province
or village has not placed sufﬁcient priority on ensuring that they are protected
from the threat of contracting HIV/AIDS.
In a seminal study in New Haven, CT, United
States, data from a comprehensive annual health
and welfare study of a representative sample of
2812 older people were merged with the database
of the local agency concerned with adult abuse
for each year over a 9-year period (50). Information
for the health survey was recorded by nurses,
who saw the older people at a hospital for the first
year’s data collection and every third year after that.
In the intervening years, data were updated
This paper provides an overview of the main program of Bank diagnostic work in
the field of private sector financial reporting: the Reports on the Observance of Standards
and Codes (ROSC) accounting and auditing assessment. It summarizes some of the main
findings of the 38 assessments that have been carried out to date, with specific reference
to the challenges to the successful implementation of international accounting and
Nevertheless, if Marion limits the notion to a dazzling sight, Bonfand pushes the
thought further: in cinema, the saturated phenomenon becomes something which is
impossible to film, something which literally overflows the frame (the screen) of its
representation and actualization within the medium. Immensity is fully a saturated
I tiptoed through the sitting room, headed for my room and my soft and wondrous bed. I
was nearly to my door when someone hissed at me from the sofa, making me jump so high
I nearly fell over. I whirled and found my sister sitting there. Cora was two years younger
than me, and, unlike me, she was brilliant at school, a right square. She brought home
test papers covered in checkmarks and smiley-faces, and her teachers often asked her
to work with thick students to help them get their grades up. I had shown her how to use
my edit-suite when she was only...
An option of longstanding interest is prevention—interventions that prevent or delay the
occurrence of the very diseases that drive these costs. There are three kinds of prevention.
Primary prevention can be accomplished by modifying unhealthy behaviors (e.g., smoking,
physical inactivity), which cause many diseases and account for 38% of all deaths in the United
administering immunizations to prevent infectious diseases, and reducing exposure to
harmful environmental factors.
When someone arrives at a web site, you have a limited amount of attention available. How
much time that equates to is unknown. It depends on the competition, visitor's expectations, and
how badly they need what your site offers. And when you only have a limited amount of
attention, there is a limit to the number of signals you can convey. So aim to make every signal
relevant, significant, and helpful .
The more efficiently you can communicate what you have to get across, the more likely you are
to keep your visitor's attention, and the greater your success.
The tendinous chords, as functional extensions of the papillary muscles, perform the dual
function of maintaining valvular competence by preventing leaflet prolapse and
maintaining ventricular geometry by providing cross-ventricular support. The chords
originate from the apical portions of the papillary muscles or directly from the posterior
ventricular wall. They insert either into the free edge of the leaflets or on their ventricular
surface. Chords have been characterized a number of ways.
Arts-related real estate markets have paradoxical entry
barriers and advantages. There are barriers inherent
in the uncertainty of demand, zoning issues and the
costs of retrofitting old systems. At the same time,
entry barriers are lowered because the space demand is
flexible and often requires minimal high-end fixtures
Art-making, performance, craft production and
exhibition spaces attract users who want to adapt and
re-create space in flexible ways.
The study provides information on key reproductive and sexual health indicators in young women
and men age 15-24 in 38 developing countries. The data come from Demographic and Health Surveys
(DHS) and AIDS Indicator Surveys (AIS) conducted between 2001 and 2005. Indicators are selected for
the following key areas: background characteristics; adolescent pregnancy; contraception; sexual activity;
and HIV/AIDS-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors. Additional analysis examines the association
of various individual and household characteristics with the key indicators.
To help ensure accurate measurements, Region 9 recommends that these guidelines
be followed whenever VOCs in soil or other solid matrices are sampled and analyzed.
These guidelines address methods for: (1) handling of samples as intact soil cores; (2)
preserving samples; (3) storing samples in hermetically sealed containers; and (4)
minimizing analyte losses due to direct volatilization (both in the field and the
laboratory) and biodegradation.
At the end of 1996 the first prepaid cards were issued in Germany by the German banking sector
(ZKA-GeldKarte-System) and tested in a pilot project. Since the successful test phase the number of
prepaid GeldKarte cards has increased to 67.3 million. There are cards linked to accounts, where the
GeldKarte chip is integrated into an ec card, as well as cards not linked to an account (“white cards”),
which have only an electronic purse function.
The Federal Reserve is a key participant in the money market. The Federal Reserve
controls the supply of reserves available to banks and other depository institutions primarily through the
purchase and sale of Treasury bills, either outright in the bill market or on a temporary basis in the market
for repurchase agreements. By controlling the supply of reserves, the Federal Reserve is able to influence
the federal funds rate. Movements in this rate, in turn, can have pervasive effects on other money market
We can identify seven important patterns of
response to advertising. These are the current,
shape, competitive, carryover, dynamic, content,
and media effects. The first four of these effects
are common across price and other marketing
variables. The last three are unique to advertising.
The next seven subsections describe these effects.
The current effect of advertising is the
change in sales caused by an exposure (or pulse
or burst) of advertising occurring at the same
time period as the exposure. Consider Figure 24.1.