In this second edition of Veterinary Emergency Medicine Secrets we have updated the chapters
from the first edition and added some new chapters based on new interests and involvement
of emergency veterinarians. This question-and-answer format continues to be a useful means of
offering information about veterinary emergency medicine. The stimuli for new questions and
answers have come from readers of the first edition, students in the arena of emergency and critical
care medicine, veterinary nurses and technicians, and chapter authors.
.ANIMALS, DISEASE AND HUMAN SOCIETY
In recent years, the issue of animal disease has seldom been out of the headlines. The emergence of BSE and the threat of food-borne infections such as E.coli and salmonella have focused public attention on the impact of animal disease on human society. However, the problem of animal disease is far from new. Animals, Disease and Human Society explores the history and nature of our dependency on other animals and the implications of this for human and animal health.
There have been many changes in veterinary medicine since the fi rst edition
of Anaesthesia for Veterinary Nurses was published in 2003. There is an
increasing number of specialist referral hospitals, and the speciality of emergency
and critical care has blossomed in the United Kingdom. However, still
central to much that is achieved in veterinary practice is the ability to sedate
and anaesthetise patients safely. The protocols and methods involved in veterinary
anaesthesia are often complex and vary considerably from patient to
In the Preface to the first edition of the Handbook of Veterinary Procedures and Emergency
Treatment, published in 1969, Dr. Kirk and Dr. Bistner described the format of that book
as being divided into six sections, “each emphasizing a facet of early examination, clinical
methods, or emergency care.”
Today, 37 years later, those original objectives remain unchanged. What has changed,
however, are the numerous advances in clinical diagnostic and therapeutic capabilities in
companion animal medicine.
WERE YOU THE ONE IN THE FAM ILY WHO WAS AL WAYS BRING ING HOME STRAYS,
FEEDING and nurs ing them back to good health? Did you play “doc tor”
with your dog Ralph, putt ing splints on his imag i nary bro ken legs and
ban dag ing ev ery thing from head to tail? Taking care of un healthy or
in jured pets is what most vet er i nar i ans do, but there’s a lot more to
this ca reer than giv ing ra bies shots and set ting bro ken bones.
With regard to the ‘cause’ of this phenomenon, several explanations have been offered,
including improvement in chemical restraints available for large animals, the elimination of
gender-based admission discrimination and the generally caring portrayal of veterinarians
in both the literature and on television (Lofstedt, 2003:534).
There is information based on research reviews of drugs that allow you
to manage your health and using prescription drugs. This evidence-
based approach is fast emerging as an important tool to assess the real
value of medicines, what they do and what they cost.
For example, evidence shows no significant difference among drugs
commonly used to treat urinary incontinence. But a monthly supply of
drugs for this condition can cost anywhere from $23 to $175. With this
evidence in hand, you can talk with your doctor or medical professional
about which drug is best for you.
In this conceptual chapter, we explore the above issues by reviewing relevant literatures,
identifying current trends and discussing the potential impact of these on the veterinary
profession. With few studies in this particular area, the authors adopt an inductive
approach, designed to generate new understanding and propositions for further research
(Rosa & Dawson, 2006). Following this introductory section, we examine some of the recent
changes within the agricultural sector and the impact of these on the veterinary profession.
Against this backdrop, and by way of providing valuable context for some of the more
clinically oriented chapters in this book, our chapter considers some of the recent changes
and emerging trends within the broader veterinary sector and the actual and potential
impact of these on the veterinary business landscape.
Antibiotic agents have been in widespread and largely effective therapeutic use since their
discovery in the 20th century. However, the emergence of multi-drug resistant pathogens now presents
an increasing global challenge to both human and veterinary medicine. It is now widely acknowledged
that there is a need to develop novel antimicrobial agents to minimize the threat of further antimicrobial