Violence prevention

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  • The authors would like to acknowledge the valuable contributions and support of the following individuals, teams, and institutions: PAHO’s Janete da Silva and Cathy Cuellar; PATH’s Colleen Conroy, Willow Gerber, and Rebeca Quiroga; and CDC’s James A. Mercy, Associate Director for Science, Division of Violence Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, and Mark Anderson, Division of Emergency and Environmental Health Services, National Center for Environmental Health, for reviewing and commenting on the manuscript drafts.

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  • Intimate partner and sexual violence affect a large proportion of the population – with the majority of those directly experiencing such violence being women and the majority perpetrating it being men. The harm they cause can last a lifetime and span generations, with serious adverse affects on health, education and employment.

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  • Tham khảo sách 'communications and technology for violence prevention', y tế - sức khoẻ, y học thường thức phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) provides recommendations for evidence-based screening (Table 4-3). In addition to these population-based guidelines, it is reasonable to consider family and social history to identify individuals with special risk (www.ahrq.gov/clinic/uspstfix.htm). For example, when there is a significant family history of breast, colon, or prostate cancer, it is prudent to initiate screening about 10 years before the age when the youngest family member developed cancer.

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  • In 2000, the California state legislature passed the Schiff-Cardenas Crime Prevention Act (Assembly Bill [AB] 1913), which authorized funding for county juvenile justice programs and designated the Corrections Standards Authority (CSA) (formerly named the Board of Corrections, or BOC) the administrator of funding. A 2001 California Senate bill extended the funding and changed the program’s name to the Juvenile Justice Crime Prevention Act (JJCPA). This effort was designed to provide

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  • A prerequisite for using the facilities offered by the Bundesbank for cashless payments is a current account with the Bundesbank. 1 The Bundesbank manages current accounts for banks and public authorities and, in exceptional cases - with a limited range of services - also for companies and private individuals. Apart from the minimum reserve balances, current accounts with the Deutsche Bundesbank do not bear interest and are run on a credit basis only. In accordance with the cover principle laid down in the BBankG, payment orders are only executed if sufficient cover is available.

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  • In general, pregnant women’s access to HIV testing is high due to the implementation in 2001 of a national policy mandating that all pregnant women be offered an HIV test at the first level of health care. However, one result of Argentina’s federal system is that there are great disparities around the country in terms of health care availability and quality, including in regard to prevention of vertical transmission coverage and services. In some cities fewer than 70 percent of pregnant women take an HIV test prior to going into labour2 .

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  • Although the number of new infections among children has decreased sharply over the past several years (as noted previously in this report), greater efforts are needed to ensure that progress continues. Most cases of HIV infection among infants and children stem from insufficient information and counselling provision among women in regards to HIV/AIDS and sexual and reproductive rights and the lack of adequate antenatal care during pregnancy. Respondents consider all new cases to be inexcusable given the broad prevention mechanisms currently available.

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  • Our study panel began deliberations with significantly divergent views on the meaning of the concept of “psychological consequences” and the definition of terrorism. In addition we had many perspectives on the appropriate preventive and therapeutic roles of public health and mental health systems with respect to the psychological consequences of terrorism. We agreed that terrorism affected humans in all walks of life and that societal terrorists are as diverse as the individuals they terrorize in society.

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  • The failure to prevent the genocide in Rwanda in 1994 is the topic of this book. In particular, the research focuses on why the early warnings of an emerging genocide were not translated into early preventative action. The warnings were well documented by the most authoritative source, the Canadian U.N. peace-keeping commander Romeo Dallaire, and sent to the leading political civil servants in New York. The communications and the decisionmaking processes are scrutinized, i.e.

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  • The World Health Organization recognises the quality of the early years as a key social determinant of health17. There are sound theoretical and empirical reasons for focusing mental health promotion interventions on young children to prevent a range of problems in later life18 including mental health problems, obesity, criminality, family violence, poor literacy, unemployment and welfare dependency. Prevention and early intervention is also less expensive and more effective than treatment19.

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  • We also introduce in the regressions variables related to education infrastructure, as well as the average number of hours a week that the public hospitals or health centers provide growth and development check-ups, and the average travel time to a health care centre in the municipality computed using our sample. Other municipality variables less directly related to policy are population size, QLI, municipality surface, percentage of urban population in the municipality, whether or not the municipality has a bank, and altitude from the sea level.

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  • All Parent Educators provide parent education, advocacy, and support to parents. In addition, we focus on prevention of family violence, prevention and intervention for substance abuse, SIDS risk reduction, child nutrition, immunizations, child safety, developmental screening, and case management. All home visitors in the Maternal Child Health Home Visiting programs are supervised by an experienced public health nurse with a Masters in Public Health and Infant Toddler Maternal Health Graduate Certificate, who also serves a limited caseload.

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  • Health care workers have the opportunity and the obligation to identify, treat, and educate women who are being abused. Health care institutions can make significant contributions to addressing violence against women by supporting clinicians and clients. Developing and institutionalizing national health-sector policies, protocols, and norms about violence call attention to the problem of gender-based violence, and help ensure quality care for survivors of abuse. This Outlook issue focuses on the reproductive health consequences of violence against women.

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  • This edition of theHandbook of Counseling Psychologylik,e all three prior editions, has three primary objectives: (1) to provide a scholarly review of important areas of counseling psychology inquiry, (2) to elaborate directions for future research, and (3) to draw specific suggestions for practice that derive from the scholarly literature in counseling psychology and related disciplines.

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  • The impact that physical and psychological violence have on the health of an older person is exacerbated by the ageing process and diseases of old age. It is more difficult for the elderly to leave an abusive relationship or to make correct decisions because of the physical and cognitive impairments that usually come with old age. In some places, kinship obligations and the use of the extended family network to resolve difficulties may also lessen the ability of older people, particularly women, to escape from dangerous situations.

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  • In argentina many pregnant women do not visit health centres until late in their pregnancy. There is no gender-specific HIV strategy within the government’s HIV prevention program, and most cases of HIV infection among infants stem from the lack of antenatal care and insufficient information and counselling provided to women on HIV/ AIDS and sexual and reproductive rights. Health care access varies widely across the country, and stigma and discrimination from health care workers impedes service utilization.

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  • Attaining and preserving the rights of HIV-positive women and adolescent girls will help en- sure that SRH services are of the appropriate range and quality and that they are accessible to all who need them.

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  • Children, you are free and happy. Kind parents watch over you with loving eyes; patient teachers instruct you from the beautiful pages of the printed book; benign laws, protect you from violence, and prevent the strong arms of wicked people from hurting you; the blessed Bible is in your hands; when you become men and women you will have full liberty to earn your living, to go, to come, to seek pleasure or profit in any way that you may choose, so long as you do not meddle with the rights of other people; in one word, you are free children! Thank God! thank God!...

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  • The MSTF proposes the following immediate, medium, and long-term responses to the survey results. These are further expounded upon in the discussion and recommendations section. Immediately, the survey fi ndings should be widely shared with senior government offi cials, key stakeholders and the public. In addition, a communication strategy should be developed to raise awareness on the issues highlighted in the report, particularly around social norms surrounding violence against children.

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