Vitrification

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế về bệnh thú y đề tài: Post-thaw development of in vitro produced buffalo embryos cryopreserved by cytoskeletal stabilization and vitrification

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  • This book is dedicated to thermoset resins, an important class of polymer materials. Unlike thermoplastics, thermoset resins are characterised by a curing reaction, which converts the low molecular weight liquid resins (easy to process) into solid three- dimensional network structures. The main advantage of a thermoset over a thermoplastic is that a wide range of properties can be achieved by simply adjusting the crosslink density of the thermoset network...

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  • Trứng và phôi có thể sống, tiếp tục phát triển sau khi được đông lạnh - rã đông hay không; chúng ta có thể khống chế được những rủi ro xảy ra cho trứng và phôi trong suốt quá trình thực hiện hay không là điều không dễ dàng.

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  • In its Ninth Programme, the English Law Commission said it would set up this joint project to examine at least two key areas of insurance contract law: non-disclosure (which will necessarily include misrepresentation) and breach of warranty. It said we would consult on whether there is a need to review other areas such as the law on insurable interest and on joint policies. No decision has yet been made as to whether other areas should be reviewed.

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  • Many beverage and fast-food marketers also engage in “community marketing,” in an effort to build relationships within the communities where they do business by giving something back to the community. McDonald’s, for example, has worked with A Better Chance Foundation to offer college preparatory school scholarships to black students in underprivileged areas. It has also developed the Black History Makers of the Future program, which highlights 30African-American children whom McDonald's feels will be among the leaders of tomorrow....

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  • Two major approaches to cryopreservation are known, i.e., conventional freeze-thaw procedures and vitrification, which is defined as a glass-like solidification (Karlsson & Toner, 1996). While freeze-thaw procedures minimize the probability of intracellular ice formation, vitrification attempts to prevent ice formation throughout the entire sample during the cooling and warming process (Kuleshova et al., 2007). Recently, the potential of vitrification has been tested for tissue-engineered constructs.

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  • IVF and related treatments (GIFT and ZIFT, see below) are the most invasive ART treatments. Usually women try other methods first, and turn to IVF when those methods have not succeeded in pregnancy or live birth. One percent of babies in the US are born using IVF. Unlike AI, fertilization takes place outside the woman’s body in which eggs (retrieved from the woman trying to get pregnant or from an egg donor) are fertilized with sperm (from a partner or donor) in a Petri dish.

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  • Marketers have identified urban, low-income African-American and Latino youth as “superconsumers” of soda, candy, and snack products. Many young people report frequent snacking, unstructured meals, and eating “junk food,” such as candy, chips, and soda, for their primary meal. Recent research studying the amount and type of advertising on prime-time television programs oriented to African-American audiences compared to those for general audiences found that far more food commercials appear on shows with large...

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  • It also reviews different valuation methods and estimated values for non-market forest goods and services in Europe. Chapter 5 gives an overview of the financing mechanisms used in the Member States and their applicability for different goods and services. It includes a theoretical review of alternative financing mechanisms for non-market forest goods and services (FG&S) as well as an empirical assessment of their use in Europe and EU Member States (EU MS).

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  • The capital of the Fund is represented by issued and redeemable shares with no par value. The shares are entitled to distributions, if any, and to payment of a proportionate share based on the Fund’s NAV per share upon redemption. The Fund has no restrictions or specific capital requirements on the subscriptions and redemptions of shares except as disclosed in Note 8(a), if any. The relevant movements in capital are shown on the Statement of Changes in Net Assets.

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  • Within the overall transport process, attenuation processes may cause movement of the chemical to differ from that of the bulk flowing groundwater, for example dispersion, sorption and chemical or biological degradation of the chemical. Such attenuation processes potentially act to mitigate the impact of chemicals and are a function of both the specific chemical and geologic domain. Indeed, attenuation may vary significantly between individual chemicals and within different geological settings.

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  • A synthesis of the material presented at the convening and the points made during discussion have led to the development of the recommendations for change listed above. Researchers should simultaneously pursue agendas that both inform potential intervention strategies and examine the link between food marketing and obesity. Advocates can examine current policies including the FCC and FTC regulatory environments in order to pursue policy options and advertising regulations for television and digital media. The public’s commitment is needed to accomplish these goals.

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  • The metabolic assay results indicated that vitrified tissue had viability similar to fresh controls. More recent study with tissue-engineered blood vessels using polyglycolic acid scaffold showed that ice formation in tissue-engineered blood vessels was negligible in the vitrified specimens but extensive (68.3 + 4.5% of vessel area) in the extracellular matrix of frozen specimens. The vitrified tissue had a viability similar to fresh controls and the contractility results for vitrified samples were 82.7% of fresh controls but markedly reduced in the frozen samples (10.

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  • This is because IT uses primers based on allele sequences of functionally characterized genes, and thus specific banding patterns corresponding to plant phenotypes can be identified (Cernák, 2008; Cernák et al., 2008; Gizaw, 2011). However, development of such markers depends on the availability of robust genomic databases holding several target sequences for IT marker development. Functional gene characterization criteria might be limiting factors, since it is not possible to establish gene functions in a molecular ecological sense for all genes.

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  • The prominence of private health insurance has been buttressed by government interventions directed at PHI markets in several OECD health systems, although the effectiveness of policies aimed at increasing market size and fostering outcome quality has differed widely. Australia, Ireland, the Netherlands, Germany, Switzerland and the United States have promoted and maintained a large and viable private health insurance market because policy makers have concluded that mixed public-private coverage systems can better deliver desired health policy and social outcomes.

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  • People often turn to egg or sperm donors when they cannot use their own eggs or sperm to become pregnant, or when they don’t have both sperm and eggs available to them, such as single women or people in LGBT relationships. They can go through a fertility clinic, an egg brokerage agency, a sperm bank, or recruit a known donor (friend, family member) or unknown donor (place Web or newspaper ad). Sperm donation can be used for AI, IVF, GIFT, and ZIFT; egg donation for all but AI. The term “donor” can be misleading as “donors” are often paid...

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  • Neighborhood features may be protective or harmful for health of persons once in old age. Given the rapidly aging population, and the potential economic and social benefits of having older persons age in place, understanding the effects of neighborhoods on the health of the elderly is important for the formulation of public policy. In this paper, we provide an overview of what is known about neighborhoods and health in late life and discuss the potential and challenges of using national survey data to study this topic.

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  • To effectively perform their respective functions, all stakeholders, in particu- lar, governments, need access to accurate and up-to-date information on opportunities, actual transfers, and the technical and economic impact of large investments. In many cases, lack of such information makes it difficult to identify and utilize opportunities, ensure a level playing field, and enforce regulation and contracts properly.

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  • In Section 4, we discuss a developing literature using cross- country research designs to examine links between financial sector development and economic outcomes. Within-country research holds most institutional features of a country fixed, precluding investigation of interactions across institutions.

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  • Non-EU AIFMs intending to market AIFs they manage in the EU with a passport once it is available (expected in 2015), or to manage EU AIFs, must receive a prior authorization from the competent authorities of their EU Member State of reference. To obtain such authorization, they must comply with the requirements of the Directive or equivalent rules. The Member State of reference is determined in accordance with a complex series of rules; in summary, it is generally the Member State where the applicant AIFM carries out most management or marketing.

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