Water economy

Xem 1-20 trên 54 kết quả Water economy
  • Of late, the coastal ecosystems are highly degraded due to high population and industrial growth (Glasby & Roonwal, 1995; UNEP, 1997). Due to various pollutions including pesticide poisoning (Sen Gupta et al., 1990), over exploitation of water resources by power plant industries and the municipal uses and encroachment for urban developments force the fishing community to the brink of disappearance. When those natural resources are imperilled, so too are the livelihoods of the many people who live and work there.

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  • Drainage of water through the soil profile to groundwater and surface water appears to be the hydrologic pathway that most frequently leads to problematic nitrate contamination of surface waters in agricultural watersheds. This can occur in two ways: by natural drainage where ground water contributes to stream flow and river flow, and by artificial subsurface drainage, where perforated pipes (sometimes called tile drains) have been buried in the soil for the purpose of removing water to reduce damage caused by saturated conditions and thereby enhance crop production (Fig. 1).

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  • Over the past decade, pollutant trading has been suggested as an economical means to address some of the nation’ s remaining pollution problems. Recent amendments to the Clean Air Act, for example, specifically authorize air emissions trading. Trading’ s potential to reduce the cost of meeting point and nonpoint source water pollution standards has also received increasing attention in recent years. Under such a trading scheme, dischargers faced with differing costs for meeting...

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  • This collection was selected from papers presented at a conference titled “Veterinary Science, Disease and Livestock Economies,” which was organized by the editors and held at St Antony’s College, Oxford, in June 2005. The idea for the conference originated from our project, sponsored by the Wellcome Trust, which explored the history of veterinary science at the Onderstepoort Research Laboratories in South Africa during the first half of the twentieth century.

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  • In May 1998, an international workshop on community-based natural resource manage- ment (CBNRM) was jointly organized by the Economic Development Institute of the World Bank (now the World Bank Institute), Canada's International Development Research Centre (IDRC), the Ford Foundation, and other agencies. Held in Washington, DC, the workshop was attended by 200 policymakers, practitioners, and researchers from about 60 countries who were involved in some aspect of CBNRM in developing and transition economies....

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  • Environmental problems usually develop from the interactions of people, consumption, and resources. Increasing population, increasing consumption and limited resources exacerbate these problems. One concern that heads the list of critical problems is the availability of clean, fresh, surface water. It is the basis of the existence of human societies and economies. Fresh water is essential for many forms of life, is required by humans for drinking, agriculture, and most industrial processes, and plays a prominent role in our recreational activities....

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  • This book is not simply an annotated roster of the Society of Dead Economists. As living economists grapple with modern economic problems and begin to alter their views, more and more readers are discovering a need for transitional books, books that bridge the gap between what economics has been and what it is becoming. A Brief History of Economics: Artful Approaches to the Dismal Science reflects this desire for a bridge over sometimes troubled waters.

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  • Over the past decade, our understanding of plant adaptation to environmental stress, including both constitutive and inducible determinants, has grown con- siderably. This book focuses on stress caused by the inanimate components of the environment associated with climatic, edaphic and physiographic factors that substantially limit plant growth and survival. Categorically these are abiotic stresses, which include drought, salinity, non-optimal temperatures and poor soil nutrition.

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  • There rules shall apply to all vessels upon the high seas and in all waters connected there with navigable by seagoing vessels.Nothing in there rules shall interfere with the operation of special rules made by an appropriate authority for roadsteads, harbors, river, lakes or inland water connected with the high seas navigable

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  • The current problem with the human system of resource use and residual disposal is that it is wildly out of equilibrium. Competition among humans is such that we slaughter thousands of our own species annually on the roads in our haste to get somewhere faster; we let millions of babies die every year for want of clean water and a modest diet; we deliberately kill more millions of people in war, often to secure access to dwindling resources. In the last fifty years we have become more aware that our patho- logical drive for 'more' has poisoned the land, the water and the air.

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  • It is unclear whether MMMFs, as currently structured, are really pass-through entities. Fund investors see no fluctuations in their share values based on changing interest rates or credit spreads. When fund losses materialize, it is usually the sponsors rather than investors who absorb them. And in the only recent example of investors being required to absorb a loss, a run was triggered on other funds that may have significantly impacted the broader economy absent government intervention. ...

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  • The ribbon itself forms an abstract letter ‘W’ (for World) that changes colour from pink through blue into a green that represents a green economy. The person’s position in the ribbon is where the colour incidentally transitions into green, signifying that people – you – are central to a functional green economy and thus it must include you. The light green part of the ribbon curves into a slight horizon of the earth.

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  • It is important to note that the requirements for sustainability condi- tions vary by subsection because they are inherently different. In par- ticular, these requirements to create sustainability may be more difficult to achieve in practice in water and sanitation, in drainage, and in the transportation subprojects than they are in building schools or clinics.

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  • The area of ​​semi-intensive pond should from 0.5-0.7 ha, with construction and input and output separation. Pond slope down to the store. 1.2 Pond cleaning Before PL (Post-larvae) released 25-30 days, drainage ponds and pond drying 7-10 days. Plowing the pond bottom after removing the mud. If the bottom is acidic, water discharge repeated 2-3 times.

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  • Stock market plays a very vital role in developing economy in India. It is also attracting the rural people in recent years. Investors usually perceive that all capital market investment avenues are risky. Based on objectives and risk bearing capacities, investors go for different investment alternatives. Among the various investment possibilities, mutual fund seems to be viable for all kind of investors as it is considered to be a safer mode of investment.

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  • In recent years water quality problems have attracted increasing attention from authorities and communities throughout the world, especially in developing countries but also in countries in transition from centrally planned economies to market economies. In the latter, previously neglected aspects of environmental protection are now becoming a major obstacle for further and sustainable economic and social development.

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  • Toyota tundra – new features is a 4.6-liter, 32-valve DOHC V8.This engine uses the Dual Variable Valve Timing-intelligent (Dual VVT-i) system, Direct Ignition System (DIS), Acoustic Control Induction System (ACIS), Electronic Throttle Control System-intelligent (ETCS-i), air injection system and Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) control. These control functions achieve improved engine performance, fuel economy, and clean emissions.

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  • Real developments, as measured for example by changes in GDP or Industrial Production (IP) Indices over selected horizons, are typically forecast through a combination of macroeconomic variables, financial variables and confidence indicators. These three sets of variables have been so far typically selected at the aggregate level, i.e. no firm-level information has been regularly employed to forecast business cycle developments.

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  • We apply our method in a variety of bank credit decisions: the credit capacity decision for a constrained consumer, the credit limit for new credit card products, and the monthly pay- ments a§ordable for a mortgage borrower. We choose these settings to focus in on loan product customers whose credit application outcome is determined by the bank (supply determined). Furthermore we apply our analysis to this variety of settings to produce population represen- tative results.

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  • Southern Nevada Water Authority (SNWA) officials are proposing to import 11 billion gallons of water a year from rural northeastern Nevada, nearly 300 miles away, to Las Vegas Valley. To accomplish this, SNWA plans to build a 285-mile water pipeline. Recent estimates peg the cost at $3.5 billion, but former federal water planner Mark Bird and others think the true costs could be as much as four times higher. SNWA plans to finance Nevada’s largest-ever public works project with tax-exempt bonds.

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