Of late, the coastal ecosystems are highly degraded
due to high population and industrial growth (Glasby &
Roonwal, 1995; UNEP, 1997). Due to various pollutions
including pesticide poisoning (Sen Gupta et al., 1990),
over exploitation of water resources by power plant
industries and the municipal uses and encroachment for
urban developments force the fishing community to the
brink of disappearance. When those natural resources
are imperilled, so too are the livelihoods of the many
people who live and work there.
Drainage of water through the soil proﬁle to
groundwater and surface water appears to be the
hydrologic pathway that most frequently leads to
problematic nitrate contamination of surface waters in
agricultural watersheds. This can occur in two ways: by
natural drainage where ground water contributes to stream
ﬂow and river ﬂow, and by artiﬁcial subsurface drainage,
where perforated pipes (sometimes called tile drains) have
been buried in the soil for the purpose of removing water
to reduce damage caused by saturated conditions and
thereby enhance crop production (Fig. 1).
Over the past decade, pollutant trading has been suggested as an
economical means to address some of the nation’ s remaining pollution
problems. Recent amendments to the Clean Air Act, for example,
specifically authorize air emissions trading. Trading’ s potential to reduce
the cost of meeting point and nonpoint source water pollution standards
has also received increasing attention in recent years. Under such a
trading scheme, dischargers faced with differing costs for meeting...
This collection was selected from papers presented at a conference titled
“Veterinary Science, Disease and Livestock Economies,” which was organized
by the editors and held at St Antony’s College, Oxford, in June 2005.
The idea for the conference originated from our project, sponsored by the
Wellcome Trust, which explored the history of veterinary science at the
Onderstepoort Research Laboratories in South Africa during the first half
of the twentieth century.
In May 1998, an international workshop on community-based natural resource manage-
ment (CBNRM) was jointly organized by the Economic Development Institute of the
World Bank (now the World Bank Institute), Canada's International Development
Research Centre (IDRC), the Ford Foundation, and other agencies. Held in Washington,
DC, the workshop was attended by 200 policymakers, practitioners, and researchers from
about 60 countries who were involved in some aspect of CBNRM in developing and
Environmental problems usually develop from the interactions of people, consumption, and
resources. Increasing population, increasing consumption and limited resources exacerbate these
problems. One concern that heads the list of critical problems is the availability of clean, fresh,
surface water. It is the basis of the existence of human societies and economies. Fresh water is
essential for many forms of life, is required by humans for drinking, agriculture, and most industrial
processes, and plays a prominent role in our recreational activities....
This book is not simply an annotated roster of the Society of Dead
Economists. As living economists grapple with modern economic
problems and begin to alter their views, more and more readers are
discovering a need for transitional books, books that bridge the gap
between what economics has been and what it is becoming. A Brief
History of Economics: Artful Approaches to the Dismal Science reflects
this desire for a bridge over sometimes troubled waters.
Over the past decade, our understanding of plant adaptation to environmental
stress, including both constitutive and inducible determinants, has grown con-
siderably. This book focuses on stress caused by the inanimate components of
the environment associated with climatic, edaphic and physiographic factors
that substantially limit plant growth and survival. Categorically these are abiotic
stresses, which include drought, salinity, non-optimal temperatures and poor
There rules shall apply to all vessels upon the high seas and in all waters connected there with navigable by seagoing vessels.Nothing in there rules shall interfere with the operation of special rules made by an appropriate authority for roadsteads, harbors, river, lakes or inland water connected with the high seas navigable
The current problem with the human system of resource use and residual
disposal is that it is wildly out of equilibrium. Competition among humans
is such that we slaughter thousands of our own species annually on the
roads in our haste to get somewhere faster; we let millions of babies die
every year for want of clean water and a modest diet; we deliberately
kill more millions of people in war, often to secure access to dwindling
resources. In the last fifty years we have become more aware that our patho-
logical drive for 'more' has poisoned the land, the water and the air.
It is unclear whether MMMFs, as currently structured, are really pass-through entities. Fund investors see
no fluctuations in their share values based on changing interest rates or credit spreads. When fund losses
materialize, it is usually the sponsors rather than investors who absorb them. And in the only recent
example of investors being required to absorb a loss, a run was triggered on other funds that may have
significantly impacted the broader economy absent government intervention. ...
The ribbon itself forms an abstract letter ‘W’ (for World)
that changes colour from pink through blue into a green
that represents a green economy. The person’s position
in the ribbon is where the colour incidentally transitions
into green, signifying that people – you – are central to a
functional green economy and thus it must include you.
The light green part of the ribbon curves into a slight
horizon of the earth.
It is important to note that the requirements for sustainability condi-
tions vary by subsection because they are inherently different. In par-
ticular, these requirements to create sustainability may be more difficult
to achieve in practice in water and sanitation, in drainage, and in the
transportation subprojects than they are in building schools or clinics.
The area of semi-intensive pond should from 0.5-0.7 ha, with construction and input and output separation. Pond slope down to the store.
1.2 Pond cleaning
Before PL (Post-larvae) released 25-30 days, drainage ponds and pond drying 7-10 days. Plowing the pond bottom after removing the mud. If the bottom is acidic, water discharge repeated 2-3 times.
Stock market plays a very vital role in developing economy in India. It is also attracting the rural people in
recent years. Investors usually perceive that all capital market investment avenues are risky. Based on objectives
and risk bearing capacities, investors go for different investment alternatives. Among the various investment
possibilities, mutual fund seems to be viable for all kind of investors as it is considered to be a safer mode of
In recent years water quality problems have attracted increasing attention from
authorities and communities throughout the world, especially in developing countries but
also in countries in transition from centrally planned economies to market economies. In
the latter, previously neglected aspects of environmental protection are now becoming a
major obstacle for further and sustainable economic and social development.
Toyota tundra – new features is a 4.6-liter, 32-valve DOHC V8.This engine uses the Dual Variable Valve Timing-intelligent (Dual VVT-i) system, Direct Ignition System (DIS), Acoustic Control Induction System (ACIS), Electronic Throttle Control System-intelligent (ETCS-i), air injection system and Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) control. These control functions achieve improved engine performance, fuel economy, and clean emissions.
Real developments, as measured for example by changes in GDP or Industrial
Production (IP) Indices over selected horizons, are typically forecast through a
combination of macroeconomic variables, financial variables and confidence
These three sets of variables have been so far typically selected at the aggregate level,
i.e. no firm-level information has been regularly employed to forecast business cycle
We apply our method in a variety of bank credit decisions: the credit capacity decision for
a constrained consumer, the credit limit for new credit card products, and the monthly pay-
ments a§ordable for a mortgage borrower. We choose these settings to focus in on loan product
customers whose credit application outcome is determined by the bank (supply determined).
Furthermore we apply our analysis to this variety of settings to produce population represen-
Southern Nevada Water Authority (SNWA) officials are proposing to import 11 billion gallons of water a year from rural
northeastern Nevada, nearly 300 miles away, to Las Vegas Valley. To accomplish this, SNWA plans to build a 285-mile water
pipeline. Recent estimates peg the cost at $3.5 billion, but former federal water planner Mark Bird and others think the true
costs could be as much as four times higher. SNWA plans to finance Nevada’s largest-ever public works project with tax-exempt