Natural resource managers and conservationists are coming to grips with the fact that
rapid global warming and associated climate changes are already having a considerable impact
on the world’s ecological systems. More and larger shifts are expected, even in the best-case
scenarios for greenhouse gas emissions reductions and future warming. These climate changes
are ushering in a fundamental shift in natural resource management and conservation, to help
natural systems withstand and adapt to new climate conditions.
The real work in ecological research is done by graduate students, and the Caw Ridge study was no exception. We are thankful to have had so many enthusiastic and resourceful graduate students, the secret weapon of this research program. Many have gone on to successful careers in wildlife conservation or research, and we are proud of their achievements.
Focusing on the rich biodiversity of Costa Rica, the contributors demonstrate the use of geographic information systems (GIS) to enhance conservation efforts. They give an overview of the spatial nature of conservation and management and the current status of digital mapping in Costa Rica; a review of the basic principles behind digital mapping technologies; a series of case studies using these technologies at a variety of scales and for a range of conservation and management activities; and the results of the Costa Rican gap analysis project....
Caesar Kleberg created the Caesar Kleberg Foundation forWildlife Conservation in his will in 1946.
He never knew what would become of it or what direction it would take, but what he believed was
true, without question or discussion. His rationale for creating the Caesar Kleberg Foundation for
Wildlife Conservation is best described by these words in his LastWill and Testament:
“Because of the importance of wildlife and its beneficial effects on the health, habits, and character
of the American people.”...
The authors would like to thank the following individuals and organisations for their valuable assistance
during the field surveys, without which this report would not have been possible: Farina Dewi, Mike
Griffiths, Yarrow Robertson, Anhar Lubis, and the Indonesian programme staff from Fauna and Flora
International, Wildlife Conservation Society and Yayasan WWF Indonesia.
This publication is made possible by the generous support of the American people through
the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), under the terms of the
TransLinks Leader with Associates Cooperative Agreement No.EPP-A-00-06-00014-00 to
The Wildlife Conservation Society. TransLinks is a partnership of The Wildlife Conservation
Society, The Earth Institute, EnterpriseWorks/VITA, Forest Trends and The Land Tenure
Center. The contents are the responsibility of EnterpriseWorks/VITA and do not necessarily
reflect the views of USAID or the United States government.
In this section, the scope and character of holdings in the HathiTrust Digital Library and
ReCAP print repository are examined with a view to their potential value in a shared service
environment. We first consider the range of holdings in the HathiTrust Digital Library, on the
premise that the vast and still expanding scope of the mass-digitized corpus will be a key
driver in the transformation of academic library collections and services.
Phân biệt conservation và conservancy
.Conservation: chỉ sự ngăn chặn mất mát, lãng phí, hư hỏng, phá hoại, sự bảo tồn rừng, nguồn nước, những toà nhà có di tích lịch sử, thú hoang dã (wildlife conservation), nói chung là bảo vệ tài nguyên thiên nhiên. Và Conservancy mang ý nghĩa gì nhé,nào ta cùng tham khảo.
Few issues display more clearly the competition between China’s drive to
become economically developed and to conserve biodiversity than hydropower
development. This is the subject of China’s most recent environmental
controversy. In August 2003, the National Development and Reform
Commission, a powerful economics super-ministry, authorized construction of
a 13-station dam along the Nu1 River (Nujiang) in Yunnan Province. After at
least a decade of construction, the dam would become the world’s largest.
The unplanned crossbreeding had also threatened the genetic resources base
of the country. Although efforts were made at developing breeding program for various
livestock species in the country, all did not materialize due to lack of commitment of and
consultation with various stakeholders. There is, therefore, a pressing need to develop a
breeding strategy that addresses various livestock species and the diverse agro-ecologies
that exist in the country.
The main audiences and stakeholders who must be engaged for programs to be effective in
changing food marketing to children reflect the societal sectors most closely associated with
food, marketing, and health:
The food and beverage industry could take several actions to address its role in the childhood
obesity epidemic. First, food and beverage marketers should take steps to avoid using
promotional tactics that attract children to unhealthy eating. The industry should research and
adopt a code ...
We conducted our audit of compliance in accordance with U.S. generally accepted auditing standards;
the standards applicable to financial audits contained in Government Auditing Standards, issued by the
Comptroller General of the United States; and OMB Circular A-133, Audits of States, Local Governments,
and Non-Profit Organizations.
My overwhelming debt is to all the contributing authors of this book, for
their devotion to the completion of their chapters in a relatively short time
period and their participation in the reviewing process of the included
chapters. I owe a special intellectual debt to all of them, for providing me
with a stimulating and challenging environment, not only throughout the
period of editing this book, but also throughout my years in academia.
Pesticides are divided to insecticides, fungicides, herbicides, rodenticides, acaricides
and nematocides according to the organisms that they affect. There are various forms
of insecticides; most are repellants or insect growth regulators used in agriculture,
public health, horticulture or food storage. It is evident that insecticides have been
used to boost food production to a considerable extent and to control disease vectors.
Almost 75 percent of the elderly (age 65 and over) have at
least one chronic illness.3 About 50 percent have at least
two chronic illnesses.3 Chronic conditions can lead to
severe and immediate disabilities, such as hip fractures and
stroke, as well as progressive disability that slowly erodes
the ability of elderly people to care for themselves.4
According to AHRQ’s 1996 Medical Expenditure Panel
Survey (MEPS),a about 14.3 percent of people age 65 and
over—4.5 million elderly Americans—require assistance
with bathing, dressing, preparing meals, or shopping.
This study was launched as a response to the challenges, presented in the Forest Action Plan and
implementation of the key action for valuation and compensation for non-market forest goods and
services. The study aims to acquire summarised information on the state-of the-art in classification,
characterisation and valuation of non-market forest goods and services.
The current system the IDB is using to measure the success and impact
of fund projects, beneficiary evaluations, is really inadequate. What is
needed instead is ex ante data on the condition or the availability of the
kind of infrastructure that is going to be built. That needs to be in the
fund application so that ex post the Bank can see the improvement in
the infrastructure made by the fund operation to measure its impact on
improved living conditions in the local community.
The rapid adoption of the Internet and computing technologies by all sectors of
modern society has made them an indispensable part of our daily work and life.
Access to these resources is taken for granted by public agencies providing
services to the community, by those who conduct business and commerce, and
by those who use them to stay current on public affairs and in touch with their
families and friends on a daily basis.
The main objective of this study is to review the present marketing mix applies particularly to the marketing. This study
provides an idea to the marketers and can be used as tools to assist them in pursuing their marketing objectives. Borden
(1965) claims to be the first to have used the term marketing mix and that it was suggested to him by Culliton’s (1948).
McCarthy (1964) offered marketing mix, often referred to as the 4Ps, as a means of translating marketing planning into
practice (Bennett, 1997).
The information compiled in this report reflects evidence collected from
WHP policies in high-income countries, primarily within the European
and North American regions. The scarcity of information and case
studies from low- and middle-income countries was highlighted as an
important gap in the current knowledge that needs to be addressed.
Despite the limits of the available evidence, all stakeholders are
encouraged to develop and implement WHP policies and programmes
tackling unhealthy diets and physical inactivity....