With the aging of the population

Xem 1-20 trên 122 kết quả With the aging of the population
  • With the aging of the population, we are seeing a global increase in the prevalence of age-related disorders, especially in developed countries. Chronic diseases disproportionately affect the older segment of the popula-tion, contributing to disability, a diminished quality of life and an increase in healthcare costs.

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  • Nutrient requirements for optimum health and function of aging physiological systems often are quite distinct from young ones. Recognition and understanding of the special nutrition problems of the aged are being intensively researched and tested, especially due to the increases in the elderly in the general population. In developed countries, economic restrictions and physical inactivity during aging can signifi cantly reduce food intakes, contributing to nutritional stresses and needs. Many disease entities and cancers are found with higher frequency in the aged.

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  • The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) provides recommendations for evidence-based screening (Table 4-3). In addition to these population-based guidelines, it is reasonable to consider family and social history to identify individuals with special risk (www.ahrq.gov/clinic/uspstfix.htm). For example, when there is a significant family history of breast, colon, or prostate cancer, it is prudent to initiate screening about 10 years before the age when the youngest family member developed cancer.

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  • The developed world has an increasingly aging population, with approximately 10% of the population aged over 65 years. As the incidence and prevalence of blood disorders increases with age, these conditions are a heavy burden on healthcare systems. Blood Disorders in the Elderly will provide hematologists, geriatricians, and all clinicians involved in the care of patients with blood disorders with clear clinical advice on the diagnosis and management of these conditions

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  • The completion of risk assessments, appropriate in scope, can help decision-makers to select the most efficient and effective evidence based strategies. With limited government health budgets challenged by an aging population demographic such an understanding can improve resource allocation. Risk assessment must be sufficiently broad to ensure adequate understanding of the risk and to identify effective risk management options.

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  • To improve the diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB), more rapid diagnostic techniques such as antibody detection based on immunochromatographic methods were developed. The objective of this study was to evaluate the performance of the SD Rapid TB kit for the diagnosis of active TB with serums from patients and close contact controls in Antananarivo, Madagascar. Findings: We conducted a population-based case-control study. The sera of 60 confirmed TB patients and 60 healthy contacts paired for sex and age were tested.

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  • There are a myriad number of different types of risks that, as individuals, we face every day that impact human health. Exposure to hazards can result from the natural and build environments with modulation of this exposure due to other factors such as our biology (eg. genetics, age, gender and comorbid conditions) and social interactions (eg. lifestyle choices and our level of risk acceptance). A broad population health approach includes determinants of health, this is the collective label given to factors and conditions that are thought to have an influence on health.

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  • There is a growing body of evidence which demonstrates that following a diet that complies with the Dietary Guidelines may reduce the risk of chronic disease. Recently, it was reported that dietary patterns consistent with recommended dietary guidance were associated with a lower risk of mortality among individuals age 45 years and older in the United States.

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  • This timely book describes the issues that compel us to craft a new social agenda for Latin America, which now needs to incorporate the challenges of the growing aging population. The region has improved the efficiency of its social policies, but we have a long road ahead and we need to continue innovating. Governments and the private sector must learn to balance the demands posed by a rapidly growing population of seniors while continuing to invest in the education of our youth and the needs of the poor. This book should be of interest to anyone with a serious interest...

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  • Accordingly, for the purpose of impact assessment, it was decided not to use response functions from daily mortality time-series studies to estimate the excess annual mortality but the change in the long-term mortality rates associated with ambient air pollution. 5 Contrary to the exposure function which is assumed to be the same for all countries, the health outcome frequency (frequency with which a health outcome appears in the population for a defined time span) may differ across countries. These differences may result from a different age structure or from other factors (i.e.

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  • Our forecast assumes continued declines in both birth rates and death rates. Specifically, women are waiting until later to have children and are having fewer children, on average, than in the past. This trend is largely responsible for a projected small decline in the state’s school-age and college-age populations between the 2010 and 2020 censuses. We forecast that there will be 6.7 million Californians age 5-17 in 2020 (down 1.4 percent from 2010) and 3.8 million who are age 18-24 (down 2.8 percent from 2010).

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  • Birch (1979) is generally considered to have provided the igniting spark to the area of small business research (e.g., Acs et al., 2008; Landström, 2005). He did so by empirically demonstrating that small firms generated most new jobs in the U.S. economy, which went against the prevailing view at that time. The interest in HGFs originates from this research, as further investigations showed that most small firms did not grow at all, and that job growth emanates from a small number of fast growing firms.

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  • Prevalence Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES) show that the percent of the American adult population with obesity (BMI 30) has increased from 14.5% (between 1976 and 1980) to 30.5% (between 1999 and 2000). As many as 64% of U.S. adults ≥20 years of age were overweight (defined as BMI 25) between the years of 1999 and 2000. Extreme obesity (BMI ≥40) has also increased and affects 4.7% of the population. The increasing prevalence of medically significant obesity raises great concern.

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  • We evaluated the effects of previous pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) on the risk of obstructive lung disease. We analyzed population-based, the Second Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001. Participants underwent chest X-rays (CXR) and spirometry, and qualified radiologists interpreted the presence of TB lesion independently. A total of 3,687 underwent acceptable spirometry and CXR. Two hundreds and ninty four subjects had evidence of previous TB on CXR with no subjects having evidence of active disease.

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  • But marsupials did not die out entirely. Another group of North American marsupials dispersed to South America around 70 million years ago. From there, they expanded into Antarctica and Australia, both of which were attached to South America at the time. Marsupials arrived in Australia no later than 55 mil- lion years ago, the age of the oldest marsupial fossils found there. Later, South America, Antarctica, and Australia began to drift apart, each carrying with it a population of marsupials. The fossil record shows that marsupials were still in Antarctica 40 million years ago.

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  • implement a comprehensive package of interventions to meet the needs of vulnerable populations. Each country should identify populations vulnerable to HIV or underserved by current HIV programmes in both generalized and concentrated epidemics. The needs of young people and women should explicitly be addressed in national HIV responses. Particular attention should be given to expanding comprehensive combination HIV prevention programmes in communities with generalized epidemics.

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  • Nutrient requirements for optimum health and function of aging physiological systems often are quite distinct from those required for young ones. Recognition and understanding of the special nutrition problems of the aged are being intensively researched and tested, especially due to the increases in the elderly in the general population. In developed countries, economic restrictions and physical inactivity during aging can significantly reduce food intakes, contributing to nutritional stresses and needs. Many disease entities and cancers are found with higher frequency in the aged.

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  • For the past 14 years, Professor Ann Harding has spearheaded the devel- opment of highly sophisticated microsimulation models and databases within Australia, so that policy makers can gain much better information about the likely distributional impact of current and proposed policies. She leads the University of Canberra’s National Centre for Social and Economic Modelling, established in January 1993, and is a professor of Applied Eco- nomics and Social Policy at the University.

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  • Heart failure is the end stage of all diseases of the heart and is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. It is estimated to account for about 5% of admissions to hospital medical wards, with over 100 000 annual admissions in the United Kingdom. The overall prevalence of heart failure is 3 20 per 1000 population, although this exceeds 100 per 1000 in those aged 65 years and over. The annual incidence of heart failure is 1 5 per 1000, and the relative incidence doubles for each decade of life after the age of 45 years.

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  • A large majority of the Wisconsin household population is non-Hispanic white (86%), according to estimates from the 2008 Family Health Survey. Six percent of the population is non-Hispanic black or African American, and 5 percent is Hispanic or Latino. One percent of the population is non- Hispanic American Indian, 1 percent is non-Hispanic Asian, less than 0.5 percent is non-Hispanic other, and 1 percent is composed of non-Hispanic members of two or more racial groups (Figure 9).

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