Ever wonder why women can brush their teeth while walking and talking on various subjects while men generally find this very difficult to do? Why 99 percent of all patents are registered by men? Why stressed women talk? Why so many husbands hate shopping? According to Barbara and Allan Pease, science now confirms that "the way our brains are wired and the hormones pulsing through our bodies are the two factors that largely dictate, long before we are born, how we will think and behave. Our instincts are simply our genes determining how our bodies will behave in given sets...
Midwives are autonomous professionals whose unique
and specialist contribution affects the whole population:
each of us at the time of birth, the great majority of people
who become parents and the half of these who become
mothers. Women and their families expect a service that
provides clear communication and explanations, effective
teamwork, a safe care environment and continuity of care.
The midwife’s role is to ensure that these expectations are
understood and met.
The past three decades have witnessed a steadily
increasing awareness of the need to empower women
through measures to increase social, economic and
political equity, and broader access to fundamental
human rights, improvements in nutrition, basic health
and education. Along with awareness of the
subordinate status of women has come the concept of
gender as an overarching socio-cultural variable, seen
in relation to other factors, such as race, class, age and
Monthly breast self-exam, starting at age 20, instructed to
woman as an optional tool for identifying and reporting
■ Clinical breast exam at least every 3 years (age 20–40) during
a physical exam by a health professional; yearly after age 40
■ Annual mammogram starting at age 40
The Black Women in Sport Foundation was founded in 1992 by Tina Sloan Green, Alpha Alexander, Nikki Franke, and Linda Greene as a nonprofit organization dedicated to increasing the involvement of Black women and girls in all aspects of sport, including athletics, coaching and administration. The Foundation is resolute in facilitating the involvement of women of color in every aspect of sport in the United States and around the world, through the "hands-on" development and management of grass roots level outreach programs....
At objective level, VNRC has worked closely with the ministry of health and provincial health authorities on
communication efforts that aim at reducing further spread, infection, death and other impacts of HFMD. The
national society has engaged in situation updates, coordination, planning and responses to HFMD at
national and provincial level through using their role as a member in the steering committee for epidemic and
pandemic prevention and control.
Taking readers on an eclectic journey through the major themes of South African history from pre-colonial and pre-Union periods, through the terrors and struggles of the apartheid era to the present time, the authors have chosen not to be polite, but to interrogate issues, take them apart, turn things upside down.
Women have made enormous strides in recent decades, as they entered
and rose through the ranks of corporations to attain leadership positions.
Despite these gains, however, and despite the number of women in business
schools, and in lower and middle management positions, the status of
women at the top of corporate America has not increased as expected.
According to the 2006 Census released by Catalyst, a research and advisory
organization that conducts research on women’s career advancement, in
2006 women held just 15.
Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health is the only accredited
school of public health in New York City and is among the ﬁrst in the nation.
Its students and multidisciplinary faculty members engage in research, both
locally and globally, concentrating on biostatistics, environmental health sci-
ences, epidemiology, health policy and management, population and family
health, and sociomedical sciences.
Nutritional deficiencies during pregnancy usually lead to intrauterine growth retardation,
which is one of the main causes of foetal and infant undernutrition in developing countries.
Every year, 30 million newborns, or 23% of 126 million births per year, are affected by
intrauterine growth retardation; by contrast, in developed countries the rate is only about 2%
(World Health Organization 2000a).
The grim picture of women’s health, including maternal mortality and
HIV, has many causal factors, and solutions are to be found in multiple
sectors. However, many of these solutions are mediated through and require
the presence of strong and effective local health systems. This level of care,
deﬁned in many countries as the “district health system,” embraces the contin-
uum of care reaching from the household/community level up through the ﬁrst
referral facility level, to the district hospital.
Women’s health is composed of a broad range of both normal physiological events in a woman’s life,
and conditions which occur as a result of abnormality of the genital tract and pregnancy. During the
last century, the field of women’s health (and ill health) have rapidly changed and evolved as a clinical
discipline. This is in part due to the changing roles and expectations of women.
Parents and children need a framework for care which provides
continuity from pre-pregnancy, through pregnancy and childbirth, to
the early years of life. A comprehensive approach to early life is needed
which builds on existing programmes to ensure our children get the
best start in life8. Midwives have a key role in ensuring that their
contribution integrates with the roles of other professionals and
agencies working in collaboration with maternity services.
The American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) is the specialty
society for physicians that focus on infertility. The organization has a Practice
Committee that issues regular reports, including guidelines on minimal
standards for providing ART, informed consent, and on the number of
embryos to be transferred in IVF procedures. The guidelines are distributed
to all members of ASRM, are published in the Society's journal, Fertility and
Sterility, and are available to the public on ASRM's website (www.asrm.org).
The Subcommittee on Body Composition, Nutrition, and Health of Military Women (BCNH subcommittee)
was established in 1995 through a grant administered by the U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel
Command as part of the Defense Women's Health Research Program.
The recognition of gender equality as a cross-cutting issue in the Paris Declaration and the OECD-DAC’s gender marker
system to assess the contribution of overseas development assistance (ODA) to gender equality goals have also been
important contributions to greater effectiveness. With its emphasis on development effectiveness and the recognition of
gender equality and the empowerment of women as critical to achieving development results, the Busan Partnership for
Effective Development Cooperation also advances progress through a series of concrete commitments.
Inadvertent fetal exposure to contraceptive hormones is common, with a USA study
estimating that approximately 70 000 fetuses are exposed to oral contraceptives annually.23
Most of the data on fetal outcomes relate to COC. The CEU found no studies that specifically
assessed exposure through quick starting contraception. Studies are often limited by their
observational nature, potential confounding factors and small sample size. Reassuringly there
have been no consistent findings of specific fetal abnormalities.
Eleven years after EWIC was first conceived in
1994, EWIC is halfway through its print produc-
tion. Volume III of the Encyclopedia of Women and
Islamic Cultures marks that halfway point and is
the product of the work of more people than can
be acknowledged here. We are indebted to Brill
for continued support, especially Sam Bruinsma,
the Business Unit Manager for History and Olaf
Köndgen, the Senior Acquisitions Editor (Islamic
Studies) at Brill.
Alberta is proving that environmental protection and economic
development can happen at the same time.
The province has shown leadership through legislation and
policies involving land reclamation, water controls, air quality,
and human and ecosystem health.
In the oil sands, current production methods mean that more
energy is needed to produce a barrel of oil than conventional oil.
But the gap is closing. Technology continues to advance, reducing
the energy and environmental impact of oil sands recovery. ...
FinCEN operates a Regulatory Helpline that provides assistance for financial
institutions seeking clarification of their obligations under the Bank Secrecy Act
(BSA) and certain requirements under the Uniting and Strengthening America by
Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism (USA
This article analyzes the 1,461 inquiries regarding suspicious
activity reporting (SAR) requirements that the Regulatory Helpline received from
July 1, 2009, through June 30, 2010.