Nearly all textile materials are colored after fabrication and before final finishing. The
coloration of fibers and fabrics through dyeing is an integral part of textile
manufacturing. This book discusses in detail several emerging topics on textile dyeing.
The pretreatment of textiles prior to dyeing is addressed by several authors. Menezes
and Choudhari present chemical alternatives to traditional pretreatment, while Tavcer
discusses enzyme pretreatment procedures.
Wet processing of textiles uses large quantities of water, and electrical and thermal energy.
Most of these processes involve the use of chemicals as assisting, accelerating or retarding
their rates and are carried out at elevated temperatures to transfer mass from processing
liquid medium across the surface of textile material in a reasonable time. So, we can use
some natural materials and some physical tools to reduce the chemicals, water, energy and
Basic blue 41 is a very stable dye using in wool weaving industry. Fenton reaction is
often used to decompose stable substances in wastewater. In this study planed experiments method
was used to investigate the effect of three factors, that are pH, H2O2 and Fe2+ concentration on
COD reduction. The response surface was determined by program Modde 5.0, the optimal reaction
conditions was: Fe2+ concentration is 120 mg/L, H2O2 concentration is 10 mM, pH is 4.
Human genetics is the medical field with the most rapid progress. This book aims to provide an overview on some of the latest developments in several genetic diseases. It contains 14 chapters focused on various genetic disorders addressing epidemiology, etiology, molecular basis and novel treatment options for these diseases. The chapters were written by 41 collaborators, from 8 different countries in Europe, Asia, and America, with great expertise in their field. Chapters are heterogeneous, offering a welcomed personalized view on each particular subject....