WORLD HISTORY

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  • – WORLD HISTORY – RELIGION ORIGIN CHARACTERISTICS  Hinduism India in 1500 B.C. Hinduism has no single founder; it developed over a period of 4,000 years. One of its main features is a caste system, in which people are born into a prescribed class and follow the ways of that class. They are polytheistic. It was founded by Siddhartha Gautama, called the Buddha. Buddhists believe in a cycle of rebirth. The ultimate goal of the Buddhist path is to achieve nirvana, an enlightened state free from suffering.

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  • Early Greek civilization consisted of many small, independent city-states. Trade led to Greek colonies, and Greek civilization gradually spread throughout the Mediterranean world. This chapter includes contents: Early civilizations in Greece, the Greek City-States, classical Greece, the culture of Classical Greece, Alexander and the Hellenistic Era.

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  • In Africa, as in other parts of the world, civilization emerged in areas where farming was mastered. Some African civilizations later became wealthy by trading ivory, gold, iron, salt, and other goods. Migration and the spread of Islam were also important in the development of African societies.

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  • The peace settlements at the end of World War I combined with severe economic problems to produce widespread discontent across Europe. Democratic rule in many states gave way to fascism, authoritarianism, and totalitarianism. The following will be discussed in this chapter: The futile search for stability, the rise of dictatorial regimes, Hitler and Nazi Germany, cultural and intellectual trends.

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  • Nationalism was a major force in the Middle East, Africa, Asia, and Latin America after World War I. In China, the Nationalists forced the Communists into retreat and formed a republic. An expansionist military took power in Japan. Economic crises led to military dictatorships throughout Latin America.

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  • The German and Japanese occupations of neighboring countries led to World War II. Both countries were defeated, but not before 40 to 60 million people died because of the war. This chapter presents the following content: Paths to War, the course of World War II, the New Order and the Holocaust, Home Front and Aftermath of War.

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  • Economic crises after World War II brought military rule in some Latin American countries and revolution in others. Democracy did not take hold in most of Latin America until the late twentieth century. This chapter presents the following content: General trends in Latin America; Mexico, Cuba, and central America; the nations of South America.

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  • African states gained independence after World War II, but faced many political, social, economic, and health challenges. The Middle East has been the site of much conflict. There has been recurring violence and continuing efforts at international mediation.

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  • Stunning developments in science, technology, industry, and agriculture have brought political, economic, and environmental benefits and costs. New types of organizations have given governments and people new ways to respond to the world's challenges.

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  • (BQ) This lively and clear survey provides a wide-ranging overview of the history of modern sports, covering such topics as: Why human beings are athletes; how the major modern sports came about and how they spread throughout the world with the help of enthusiastic individuals, sports organizations, the YMCA and the Olympic movement; discussions of some of the most popular of the 300 modern world sports including: soccer, basketball, baseball, cricket, table tennis, tennis, Formula One racing, golf, swimming, skiing, volleyball, track and field, boxing, judo and cycling; the history of both...

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  • (BQ) This lively and clear survey provides a wide-ranging overview of the history of modern sports. Sports historians and cultural studies students will all find this book gives a fascinating and invaluable insight into the world of sport through history.

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  • One mark of a great book is that it makes you see things in a new way, and Mr. Friedman certainly succeeds in that goal," the Nobel laureate Joseph E. Stiglitz wrote in The New York Times reviewing The World Is Flat in 2005. In this new edition, Thomas L. Friedman includes fresh stories and insights to help us understand the flattening of the world. Weaving new information into his overall thesis, and answering the questions he has been most frequently asked by parents across the country, this third edition also includes two new chapters--on how to be a political...

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  • Rather than celebrating warfare, 50 Battles That Changed the World looks at the clashes the author believes have had the most profound impact on world history. Listed in order of their relevance to the modern world, they range from the ancient past to the present day and span the globe many times over. This book is not so much about military strategy as the implications of the battles that were vital in shaping civilization as we know it. Some of the battles in this book are familiar to us all-Bunker Hill, which prevented the American Revolution from being stillborn, and...

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  • Introducing the student to the history of the development of European culture, the problem of proportion has seemed to me, throughout, the fundamental one. Consequently I have endeavored not only to state matters truly and clearly but also to bring the narrative into harmony with the most recent conceptions of the relative importance of past events and institutions. It has seemed best, in an elementary treatise upon so vast a theme, to omit the names of many personages and conflicts of secondary importance which have ordinarily found their way into our historical textbooks.

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  • History of the United States Samuel Eliot, a historian and educator, was born in Boston in 1821, graduated at Harvard in 1839, was engaged in business for two years, and then travelled and studied abroad for four years more. On his return, he took up tutoring and gave gratuitous instruction to classes of young workingmen. He became professor of history and political science in Trinity College, Hartford, Conn., in 1856, and retained that chair until 1864. During the last four years of that time, he was president of the institution. From 1864 to 1874 he lectured on constitutional law...

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  • In preparing this History, I make no claim to original and profound investigations; but the arrangement, the style, and the sentiments, are my own. I have simply attempted to condense the great and varied subjects which are presented, so as to furnish a connected narrative of what is most vital in the history of the last three hundred years, avoiding both minute details and elaborate disquisitions. It has been my aim to write a book, which should be neither a chronological table nor a philosophical treatise, but a work adapted to the wants of young people in the various...

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  • The first humanlike creatures appeared in Africa four million years ago. Early humans left no written records. Without such records, archaeologists and anthropologists have had to rely on fossils, artifacts, and skeletal remains to develop theories about their lives. Researchers have concluded that the earliest humans lived as hunters and gatherers and focused on basic needs. Only millions of years later did they develop the skills and tools necessary to engage in agriculture and to build the first civilizations.

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  • It is a pleasure to recommend this useful and well-written little book to English readers. It will both interest and help. There are, for instance, a few pages devoted to the question of evidence that will be an aid to every one desirous of getting at the truth respecting any series of facts, as well as to the student of history. No one can read it without finding out that to the historian history is not merely a pretty but rather difficult branch of literature, and that a history book is not necessarily good if it appears to the...

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  • The purpose of this book is twofold. We realise to-day, as never before, that the fortunes of the world, and of every individual in it, are deeply affected by the problems of world-politics and by the imperial expansion and the imperial rivalries of the greater states of Western civilisation. But when men who have given no special attention to the history of these questions try to form a sound judgment on them, they find themselves handicapped by the lack of any brief and clear resume of the subject. I have tried, in this book, to provide such a summary,...

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  • In the High Middle Ages, Europe saw explosive urban growth, a revival of trade, and an emboldened Catholic Church. Yet catastrophic setbacks followed in the form of plague, economic collapse, and war. Christianity remained a focus of European life, but centuries of confrontation with the monarchies left the Church weakened.

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