In the recent past many card issuers have extended the range of tools available on debit cards. A chip
on the card makes offline authorisation of guaranteed card payments possible. In addition, bank cards
can be used as prepaid cards (the GeldKarte system of the ZKA).
As a consequence of the merger between the Europe-wide edc (European debit card) service and the
worldwide Maestro system, since the beginning of 1998 many POS terminals and cash dispensers
throughout the world have been available to holders of ec cards with the Maestro logo.
Tuberculosis, human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and
malaria are the three most profound cause of death worldwide. In developing country
tuberculosis is a serious problem. It is estimated that one third of the world’s population is
infected with M. tuberculosis; however, only a minority (10%) of those infected ever develop
clinical disease (Corbett et al., 2003). Such clinical diversity suggests that factors other than
bacterial infection alone determine disease development.
The chapter on the incidence, clinical features, pathophysiology, signs, symptoms, and
current management of the Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ), reviews how AS affects
this joint. TMJ is involved in 4% to 32% of cases, and ranges from mild disease to
ankylosis which is exceptional. The non-surgical treatment of TMJ in AS is the most
effective way of managing over 80% of patients. Non-pharmacological treatment
includes fabrication of intra oral splints, physiotherapy, and patient education.
This apparently favorable equilibrium was underpinned, however, by three trends
that appeared increasingly unsustainable as time went by. First, real estate values were
rising at a high rate in many countries, including the world’s largest economy, the United
States. Second, a number of countries were simultaneously running high and rising
current account deficits, including the world’s largest economy, the United States.
For research on child health and the environment,
the longitudinal cohort study approach is common
worldwide. This is because, as previously mentioned,
cohort studies are recognized as necessary to evaluate
long-term health and the many factors affecting
it throughout the different developmental phases
extending from before birth to adulthood.
Young doctors are the future of our Society. Therefore,
I am hoping to see a global network created for young
gynecologists who are interested in gynecologic cancer. If
young doctors from various countries start to communicate
effectively and share information with each other, we
can both improve and standardize cancer treatment and
contribute to the well-being of women worldwide. Education
for young doctors is very important because they are still
pure and have a sensitivity to share experiences of all kinds.
The sustainability and prosperity of the ancient civilizations of China, Egypt, Babylonia,
Phoenicia, Persia and Roma were based on the extensive use of water for human
consumption, crop irrigation, canal navigation and energy generation. Today, the
worldwide scarcity of water and clean energy constitutes a central and critical problem
for the whole humankind. This situation is aggravated as industrial, agricultural
and municipal effl uents reach the water bodies, or the coastal seawater that is used as
feed for desalination plants.
What is the International Fuel Quality Center (IFQC)?
A specialized member service that provides comprehensive
information and concise analysis to members on pertinent actions
and issues facing the transportation industry worldwide.
The service focus and emphasis is on automotive fuel quality,
vehicle and engine related standards, and the health and
environmental legislative and regulatory pressures leading these
For cell-based bone tissue engineering, various tissues derived cells are utilized since
osteogenic cells can be harvested from bone marrow, periosteum, and adipose tissue,
though recent studies indicate that bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs, bone marrow
derived multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells, or mesenchymal stem cells) are the most
reliable cell source because of their superior osteogenic ability (Hayashi et al., 2008).
However, it is difficult to obtain adequate numbers of transplantable BMSCs from bone
marrow aspirates, as they are rare in the bone marrow (less than 0.
In a variation to this base case, costs are also calculated where the health effects of
PM10 are estimated without a threshold. This variation provides a sensitivity analysis that
shows how specifying a threshold affects total cost estimates.
As acknowledged by Kunzli et al. (1999), the approach of using one pollutant as an
indicator of the air pollution mix and only estimating the impact of PM10 above a baseline
will probably underestimate the impact of air pollution.
Nanotechnology entered the more public arena in 2001 when President Clinton
brought worldwide attention to nanotechnology through his budget approval for the
US National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI). The initial budget allocated for
nanotechnology in 2001 was $422 million, which demonstrated the anticipated
relevance of nanotechnology to the USA economic growth as well as nanotechno-
logy’s strategic importance to national security. Three years later, in December
Endometrial, cervical, and ovarian cancers are the three most common malignancies of the female
reproductive tract. In the United States alone, roughly 12,000 women are diagnosed with uterine
cervical cancer annually, and 4,000 will die from the disease . The relatively low incidence of
cervical cancer in the US is largely attributable to the effectiveness of Papanicolaou’s cytological
cervical screening test (the Pap test).
Displacing older people as heads of households
and depriving them of their autonomy in the name
of affection are cultural norms even in countries
where the family is the central institution and the
sense of filial obligation is strong (11). Such
infantilization and overprotection can leave the
older person isolated, depressed and demoralized,
and can be considered a form of abuse. In some
traditional societies, older widows are abandoned
and their property seized.
Intranet strategy consultant specialised in complex, large and/ or global intranets American, based in Europe for 25 years Annual Survey & Reports: Global Intranet Trends, Global Intranet Analysis (100 participants worldwide in 2006, 180 in 2007) Publications
Co-author of "L’avantage internet pour l’entreprise", Dunod (1996) Co-author of "L'intranet dans tous ses états" IQ Editeur (2004) "International Intranets" columnist (Intranets: Enterprise Strategies & Solutions") KMWorld & Intranets, California - Online Information, London Rencontre internationale des re...
In some cases the style of a fund is captured using the returns of
other managed portfolios in the same market sector. The OE port-
folio is then a combination of a manager’s peers’ portfolios. With this
approach the measured performance is a zero-sum game, as the average
performance measured in the peer group must be zero. This approach
can make it easy to control for costs and risks, to the extent that
the portfolio and its peers are similar in these dimensions. In such
cases, the performance diﬀerential can be a relatively clean measure
of value added.
During the course of the update, the authors also reviewed the policy descriptions and criteria used to rate each state’s laws.
Modifications were deemed appropriate in several instances because of either changes in the courts’ interpretation of constitutional
law as it impacts alcohol advertising regulation, or the need to improve accuracy, clarity, and comparability across states.
These revisions are described in Appendix A. Because of these revisions, findings in the...
If from the 1920s to the 1940s, it was individual films, taken more or less out of
context, which typified the German cinema, at least for an international public, the
inverse was the case some thirty years later: at first the Young German Film, then the
New German Cinema made headlines as national film movements, where a generational
or film-political identity imposed themselves more strikingly than individual film titles.
While 2K projection had a long head start, theater owners currently
purchasing digital projectors in the US are overwhelmingly embracing
Sony Digital Cinema™
As of August 2011, over 9,000 screens worldwide had converted to
Sony 4K projectors. This includes more than 7,000 screens in the United States
alone. About half of these Sony systems are also 3D capable. In fact, in the
US, Sony 4K accounts for nearly as many 3D-capable projectors installed as
all other brands combined.
This large and rapidly growing installed base of 4K projectors has prompted
the studios to...
Contents: Think in paper – The future of paper begins at Voith Paper. News from the Divisions: LEIPA-Schwedt PM 4 – LWC production line of the new generation; Maxau PM 6 – A challenging project and its implementation; Bohui BM 1 – A benchmark in China for the paper industry worldwide; Innovative Trends in Automation. Paper Culture: Deep-frozen, dried – and saved.
In recent years, biometrics has developed rapidly with its worldwide applications for daily life. New trends and novel developments have been proposed to acquire and process many different biometric traits. The ignored challenges in the past and potential problems need to be thought together and deeply integrated. The key objective of the book is to keep up with the new technologies on some recent theoretical development as well as new trends of applications in biometrics.