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Asean Biodiversity: The Future of Biodiversity

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Asean Biodiversity: The Future of Biodiversity

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Major decisions were made in the areas of integrating biodiversity into poverty eradication and development, scientifi c and technical cooperation, technology transfer and cooperation, gender mainstreaming, public awareness, business engagement, South-South cooperation, participation of local governments

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  1. VOL. 9 ! NO. 3 ! SEPTEMBER - DECEMBER 2010 7 31 SPECIAL REPORTS 6 Nations unite vs biodiversity loss World’s biggest biodiversity conference held in Nagoya 9 New global strategy to halt biodiversity loss 15 International regime on ABS Nations to share benefits of world’s genetic resources 16 World to mobilize resources vs biodiversity loss 17 Nations adopt new treaty on living modified organisms 18 UNEP launches The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity 19 New book features ASEAN Heritage Parks 20 ASEAN countries: On way to reaping benefits from biodiversity A Malayan egg fly pupa Photo by Wong Ah Kim (entry to the 24 ASEAN Biodiversity Outlook ASEAN-wide photo contest “Zooming Biodiversity Beyond 2010 in on Biodiversity) While the ASEAN region, like the rest 29 ACB Side Events at COP10 of the world, failed to meet the global target of reducing biodiversity loss, FEATURE hope remains. Biodiversity loss can still be prevented if factors driving 31 Teen Eco-hero: Championing biodiversity at 14 biodiversity loss are addressed now. 34 First ASEAN tribal olympics 36 Marine protected area support network in the Philippines SEPTEMBER-DECEMBER 2010 ! ASEAN BIODIVERSITY ! 3
  2. 47 60 SPECIAL SECTION 64 Science journalists hold seminar 40 ASEAN-WEN: A shield over Southeast Asia’s on biodiversity biodiversity 64 ACB holds workshop on PA integration 42 Campaign vs illegal wildlife trafficking 65 Expert conclude review process launched in Manila for protected areas data in Asia 43 Elite ranger force trained to protect 66 Aiming for stronger biodiversity Indonesia’s forests informatics in Asia 45 ACB and FREELAND Foundation unite 67 ASEAN +3 boost taxonomic capacities for wildlife enforcement on corals 45 Asia’s forest managers trained to wrest 68 Asian and European schools fight control from poachers, illegal loggers climate change PROFILES 68 NASA expert discusses GBO network 47 The Coral Triangle 69 MBG opens rainforest biodiversity diorama 51 Heart of Borneo 69 Strengthening law enforcement 55 Turtle Islands Heritage Protected Area in Mts. Iglit-Baco 70 Science film fest features web of life BOOKMARKS 71 Padunungan 2010 highlights biodiversity 60 Mt. Makiling biodiversity race draws 71 APC celebrates biodiversity week 700 runners 71 IYB wins Green Award 62 ASEAN and Germany cooperate 72 Cancun climate change confab sets path on biodiversity and climate change to low emissions future 62 Int’l forum links business and biodiversity 73 GEO-5 in the making 63 Search for biodiversity champions in Southeast Asia 74 BIODIVERSITY NEWS SOUTHEAST ASIA 4 ! SEPTEMBER-DECEMBER 2010 ! ASEAN BIODIVERSITY www.aseanbiodiversity.org
  3. The future of biodiversity is in our hands. Rodrigo U. Fuentes Publisher Rolando A. Inciong Editor-in-Chief Leslie Ann Jose-Castillo Managing Editor Sahlee Bugna-Barrer Head Writer and Researcher Nanie S. Gonzales Designer, Graphic and Layout Artist Estelita T. Macalum Angela Rose Crissie A. Metin Circulation Assistants EDITORIAL BOARD Clarissa C. Arida Rodrigo U. Fuentes Rolando A. Inciong Wilfredo J. Obien Monina T. Uriarte Sheila G. Vergara ASEAN Centre for Biodiversity (ACB) Headquarters Let us work together to conserve the web of life. 3F ERDB Bldg. Forestry Campus University of the Philippines-Los Baños College, Laguna, Philippines Telefax: +632.584-4247 ABOUT THE CONTRIBUTORS +6349.536-2865 Steve Galster is the Chief of Party of the ASEAN-WEN Support Program and Director of the Bangkok-based E-mail: contact.us@aseanbiodiversity.org FREELAND Foundation. His background covers investigative research and media campaigning relating to Website: www.aseanbiodiversity.org wildlife trafficking, arms trafficking, and human trafficking in many parts of the world, including the former Soviet Union, U.S., China, Afghanistan, Africa and Southeast Asia. Investigative reports and films he de- ACB Annex veloped about wildlife and human trafficking have been featured in TIME magazine, CNN, BBC, ABC, US News and Ninoy Aquino Parks and Wildlife Center World Report, as well as by many Russian, East European and Asian media outlets. Mr. Galster presently directs a North Avenue, Diliman, USAID-funded program to support ASEAN Member States in combating wildlife crime in the region through the ASEAN Quezon City 1156 Wildlife Enforcement Network. Philippines Brian V. Gonzales is the program liaison officer of the ASEAN-WEN Support Program under FREELAND Printed by: Dolmar Press, Inc. Foundation. He works closely with the ASEAN-WEN Program Coordination Unit (PCU) and the ASEAN-WEN No. of Copies: 2,000 National Focal Points on policy development, program management, sustainability strategy, partnership development and PCU operations. He has over 10 years environmental policy and capacity building experi- Disclaimer: Views or opinions expressed ence in Asia, including the past four with ASEAN-WEN. Previously, he worked for the Asian Development Bank on herein do not necessarily represent multisectoral partnerships for clean air and with WWF’s Southeast Asia Policy Program. any official views of the European Dr. Antonio Manila is a forestry and rural development specialist with 33 years of professional experience Union nor the Association of Southeast in community/social forestry, watershed management, forest renewal programs, protected areas/biodiver- Asian Nations (ASEAN) Secretariat. The sity conservation and environmental projects. He has led a number of organizations that have focused on authors are responsible for any data or protected areas, biodiversity conservation, and community-based forest management, including the ASEAN information presented in their articles. Institute of Forest Management (AIFM) in Malaysia, Conservation of Priority Protected Areas Project, and the National Integrated Protected Areas Programme. At the Protected Areas and Wildlife Bureau of the Philippines, he served as Letters, articles, suggestions and Chief of the Wildlife Resources Division and more recently as Assistant Director. Dr. Manila received his PhD in Forestry photos are welcome and should be from the University of the Philippines, Los Banos, Laguna, with Silviculture and Forest Ecosystems Management as the addressed to: major field of specialization. Dr. Manila is currently the Regional Technical Director for Forest Management Service, The Editor-in-Chief NCR, Philippines. ASEAN Biodiversity Magazine Lynette T. Laroya is a Senior Ecosystems Management Specialist, and is Chief of the Resources Protec- ASEAN Centre for Biodiversity tion and Habitat Management Section of the Biodiversity Management Division of the Protected Areas and College, Laguna Wildlife Bureau of the Philippines (PAWB). She has a degree in Biology from Adamson University, and has E-mails: rainciong@aseanbiodiversity.org a Masters Degree in Applied Science from Lincoln University, Christchurch, New Zealand. Ms. Laroya is lavjose2@aseanbiodiversity.org currently involved in the Coral Triangle Initiative on Coral Reefs, Fisheries and Food Security (CTI-CFF) as part of the National CTI Coordinating Committee Secretariat. She is also the focal point for coastal and marine concerns in the sbbarrer@aseanbiodiversity.org Biodiversity Management Division of PAWB. SEPTEMBER-DECEMBER 2010 ! ASEAN BIODIVERSITY ! 5
  4. Nations unite vs biodiversity loss WORLD’S BIGGEST BIODIVERSITY CONFERENCE HELD IN NAGOYA The COP10 opening ceremony. N agoya, Japan took center stage when it hosted the world’s biggest biodiversity conference ever, drawing 15,000 representatives of governments and their partners from 193 Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). The 10th Meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP10) to the CBD, held from October 18 to 29, 2010, resulted in the adoption by five heads of state and 130 ministers of environment of an agreement on access and benefit sharing of the world’s rich but highly threatened biodiversity. The Parties also adopted a new strategic plan for reducing biodiversity loss from 2011 to 2020 with a new biodiversity vision for 2050, a resource mobilization strategy, and a proposal to the United Nations to declare 2011-2020 as the UN Decade on Biodiversity. Ahmed Djoghlaf, CBD Executive Secretary 6 ! SEPTEMBER-DECEMBER 2010 ! ASEAN BIODIVERSITY www.aseanbiodiversity.org
  5. Photos courtesy of the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity Achim Steiner, UNEP Executive Director Jochen Flasbarth, president of the COP9 bureau SEPTEMBER-DECEMBER 2010 ! ASEAN BIODIVERSITY ! 7
  6. Ahmed Djoghlaf, engagement, South-South Jochen Flasbarth of Ger- Achim Steiner, UN cooperation, participation many, on behalf of the COP9 Environment Programme CBD Executive of local governments, CBD Presidency, declared the meet- (UNEP) Executive Director, Secretary, cooperation with other rele- ing open and pointed to the expressed UNEP’s commit- termed COP10 vant conventions, ecosystems failure to meet the 2010 bio- ment to address shortcom- biodiversity, climate change, diversity target, calling for fi- ings in multilateral environ- as the most biofuels, invasive alien spe- nalizing the strategic plan and mental agreements’ parallel important cies, and taxonomy, among the international ABS regime. governance and administra- meeting on others. The COP decisions He then handed the COP tive arrangements, and em- may be downloaded from chairmanship to Ryu Matsu- phasized that COP10 can biodiversity in UN http://www.cbd.int/deci- moto, Environment Minister become a source of inspira- history, in light sions/cop. of Japan. tion for successful multilat- of the relevance A number of important COP10 President Matsu- eralism. activities were held during moto said this was a critical Ahmed Djoghlaf, CBD of the strategic COP10. Among them were: time for measures to protect Executive Secretary, termed plan and the a session on business and bio- biodiversity, and called for COP10 as the most impor- ABS protocol, diversity attended by over 500 new realistic global targets tant meeting on biodiversity companies from 13 countries; and for the establishment in UN history, in light of for sustainable a meeting of 200 city may- of an international ABS re- the relevance of the strategic development. ors from around the world gime. plan and the ABS protocol, which adopted a plan that Masaaki Kanda, Gover- for sustainable develop- will strengthen the conserva- nor of the Prefecture of Aichi, ment. Major decisions were tion and sustainable use of ur- shared the expectation that Delegates witnessed a made in the areas of inte- ban biodiversity; a ministerial COP 10 will adopt post-2010 performance of traditional grating biodiversity into meeting to prepare the Cancun targets and the international arts, with Yoko Deva playing poverty eradication and de- Climate Change Conference ABS regime. the Shinobue (Japanese flute) velopment, scientific and on issues related to sustainable Takashi Kawamura, Mayor and the Kakashi-za group in technical cooperation, tech- forest management, climate of the City of Nagoya, stressed Tekage-e (shadow play). They nology transfer and coopera- change and biodiversity; and the important role of munici- also saw a video prepared by tion, gender mainstreaming, a summit on parliamentarians palities and citizens in living in the Japanese government and public awareness, business and biodiversity. harmony with nature. a performance of the song “Life in Harmony” by Misia, COP10 Honorary Ambas- sador. The CBD, where all ASEAN Member States are Parties, is an international treaty for the conservation of biodiversity, the sustain- able use of the components of biodiversity, and the eq- uitable sharing of the ben- efits derived from the use of genetic resources. The CBD seeks to address all threats to biodiversity and ecosystem services, including threats from climate change, through scientific assessments; the de- velopment of tools, incentives and processes; the transfer of technologies and good practices; and the full and ac- tive involvement of stakehold- ers including indigenous and local communities, youth, NGOs, women and the busi- ness community. Ryu Matsumoto, COP10 President and Environment Minister of Japan R.A. Inciong 8 ! SEPTEMBER-DECEMBER 2010 ! ASEAN BIODIVERSITY www.aseanbiodiversity.org
  7. NEW GLOBAL STRATEGY TO HALT BIODIVERSITY LOSS T he international community has adopted a new ten-year global strategy designed to halt the loss of biological diversity. Environment ministers from 193 countries that attended the two-week Conference of the Parties to the UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) in Nagoya, Japan in October 2010 signed the Nagoya Biodiversity Compact, a new strategy that aims to reduce by half the loss of natural habitats and raise nature reserves to 17 per cent of the world’s land area and 10 per cent of marine and coastal areas by 2020. The Strategic Plan for Bio- tablishment of national and of the Benefits Arising from said that with countries diversity 2011-2020 aims to regional targets and for en- their Utilization. agreeing to craft new nation- promote effective implemen- hancing coherence in the The plan also serves as the al biological diversity plans, tation of the CBD through a implementation of the pro- basis for the development of they will have an instrument strategic approach, compris- visions of the CBD and the communication tools capable to stop over-fishing, reduce ing a shared vision, a mission, decisions of the Conference of attracting the attention of pollution, protect coral reefs, and strategic goals and targets of the Parties, including the and engaging stakeholders, and reduce the loss of genetic (the Aichi Biodiversity Tar- programs of work and the thereby facilitating the main- diversity in agricultural eco- gets) that will inspire broad- Global Strategy for Plant streaming of biodiversity into systems. The full texts of the based action by all Parties and Conservation, as well as the broader national and global Strategic Plan and the Biodi- stakeholders. Nagoya Protocol on Access agendas. versity Targets are published The plan provides a flex- to Genetic Resources and the Dr. Ahmed Djoghlaf, Ex- in this magazine. ible framework for the es- Fair and Equitable Sharing ecutive Secretary of the CBD, R.A. Inciong SEPTEMBER-DECEMBER 2010 ! ASEAN BIODIVERSITY ! 9
  8. STRATEGIC PLAN FOR BIODIVERSITY 2011-2020 AND THE AICHI BIODIVERSITY TARGETS “Living In Harmony With Nature” 1. The purpose of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011- therefore the underlying drivers of biodiversity loss have not 2020 is to promote effective implementation of the Conven- been significantly reduced. While there is now some under- tion through a strategic approach, comprising a shared vision, standing of the linkages between biodiversity, ecosystem ser- a mission, and strategic goals and targets (the Aichi Biodiver- vices and human well-being, the value of biodiversity is still sity Targets), that will inspire broad-based action by all Parties not reflected in broader policies and incentive structures. and stakeholders. The Strategic Plan will also provide a flex- 6. Most Parties identify a lack of financial, human and ible framework for the establishment of national and regional technical resources as limiting their implementation of the targets and for enhancing coherence in the implementation Convention. Technology transfer under the Convention has of the provisions of the Convention and the decisions of the been very limited. Insufficient scientific information for policy Conference of the Parties, including the programs of work and decision making is a further obstacle for the implemen- and the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation as well as tation of the Convention. However, scientific uncertainty the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the should not be used as an excuse for inaction. Fair and Equitable Sharing of the Benefits Arising from their 7. The 2010 biodiversity target has not been achieved, at Utilization. It will also serve as the basis for the development least not at the global level. The diversity of genes, species and of communication tools capable of attracting the attention ecosystems continues to decline, as the pressures on biodiver- of and engaging stakeholders, thereby facilitating the main- sity remain constant or increase in intensity mainly, as a result streaming of biodiversity into broader national and global of human actions. agendas. A separate Strategic Plan has been adopted for the 8. Scientific consensus projects a continuing loss of habi- Biosafety Protocol that will complement the present one for tats and high rates of extinctions throughout this century if the Convention. current trends persist, with the risk of drastic consequences 2. The text of the Convention, and in particular its three ob- to human societies as several thresholds or tipping points jectives, provide the fundamental basis for the Strategic Plan. are crossed. Unless urgent action is taken to reverse current trends, a wide range of services derived from ecosystems, un- I. THE RATIONALE FOR THE PLAN derpinned by biodiversity, could rapidly be lost. While the 3. Biological diversity underpins ecosystem functioning harshest impacts will fall on the poor, thereby undermining and the provision of ecosystem services essential for human efforts to achieve the Millennium Development Goals, no- well-being. It provides for food security, human health, the one will be immune from the impacts of the loss of biodi- provision of clean air and water; it contributes to local liveli- versity. hoods, and economic development, and is essential for the 9. On the other hand, scenario analysis reveals a wide achievement of the Millennium Development Goals, includ- range of options for addressing the crisis. Determined action ing poverty reduction. to value and protect biodiversity will benefit people in many 4. The Convention on Biological Diversity has three ob- ways, including through better health, greater food security jectives: the conservation of biological diversity; the sustain- and less poverty. It will also help to slow climate change by able use of its components; and the fair and equitable sharing enabling ecosystems to store and absorb more carbon; and it of benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources. will help people adapt to climate change by adding resilience In the Convention’s first Strategic Plan, adopted in 2002, the to ecosystems and making them less vulnerable. Better protec- Parties committed themselves to a more effective and coher- tion of biodiversity is therefore a prudent and cost-effective ent implementation of the three objectives of the Convention, investment in risk reduction for the global community. to achieve by 2010 a significant reduction of the current rate 10. Achieving this positive outcome requires actions at of biodiversity loss at the global, regional and national level multiple entry points, which are reflected in the goals of this as a contribution to poverty alleviation and to the benefit of Strategic Plan. These include: all life on Earth. The third edition of the Global Biodiversity (a) Initiating action to address the underlying causes of bio- Outlook (GBO-3), drawing upon national reports, indicators diversity loss, including production and consumption patterns, and research studies, assesses progress towards the 2010 tar- by ensuring that biodiversity concerns are mainstreamed get, and provides scenarios for the future of biodiversity. throughout government and society, through communication, 5. The 2010 biodiversity target has inspired action at education and awareness, appropriate incentive measures, and many levels. However, such actions have not been on a scale institutional change; sufficient to address the pressures on biodiversity. Moreover, (b) Taking action now to decrease the direct pressures on there has been insufficient integration of biodiversity issues biodiversity. Engagement of the agricultural, forest, fisher- into broader policies, strategies, programs and actions, and ies, tourism, energy and other sectors will be essential to 10 ! SEPTEMBER-DECEMBER 2010 ! ASEAN BIODIVERSITY www.aseanbiodiversity.org
  9. II. VISION 11. The vision of this Strategic Plan is a world of “Living in harmony with nature” where “By 2050, biodiversity is valued, conserved, restored and wisely used, maintaining ecosystem ser- vices, sustaining a healthy planet and delivering benefits essen- tial for all people.” III. THE MISSION OF THE STRATEGIC PLAN 12. The mission of the Strategic Plan is to “take effective and urgent action to halt the loss of biodiversity in order to ensure that by 2020 ecosystems are resilient and continue to provide essential services, thereby securing the planet’s variety of life, and contributing to human well-being and poverty eradication. To ensure this, pressures on biodiversity are reduced, ecosys- tems are restored, biological resources are sustainably used and benefits arising out of utilization of genetic resources are shared in a fair and equitable manner; adequate financial resources are provided, capacities are enhanced, biodiversity issues and values mainstreamed, appropriate policies are effectively implemented, and decision-making is based on sound science and the precau- tionary approach.” IV. STRATEGIC GOALS AND THE AICHI Photo by Edgan Castañeda BIODIVERSITY TARGETS A farmer carries rice seedlings ready to be planted. 13. The Strategic Plan includes 20 headline targets for 2015 or 2020 (the “Aichi Biodiversity Targets”), organized un- success. Where trade-offs between biodiversity protection and der five strategic goals. The goals and targets comprise both: (i) other social objectives exist, they can often be minimized by us- aspirations for achievement at the global level; and (ii) a flex- ing approaches such as spatial planning and efficiency measures. ible framework for the establishment of national or regional Where multiple pressures are threatening vital ecosystems and targets. Parties are invited to set their own targets within this their services, urgent action is needed to decrease those pressures flexible framework, taking into account national needs and most amenable to short-term relief, such as over-exploitation or priorities, while also bearing in mind national contributions to pollution, so as to prevent more intractable pressures, in particu- the achievement of the global targets. Not all countries neces- lar climate change, from pushing the system over the edge to a sarily need to develop a national target for each and every glob- degraded state; al target. For some countries, the global threshold set through (c) Continuing direct action to safeguard and, where necessary, certain targets may already have been achieved. Other targets restore biodiversity and ecosystem services. While longer-term ac- may not be relevant in the country context. tions to reduce the underlying causes of biodiversity are taking effect, immediate action can help conserve biodiversity, includ- Strategic Goal A. Address the underlying causes of biodiver- ing in critical ecosystems, by means of protected areas, habitat sity loss by mainstreaming biodiversity across government restoration, species recovery programs and other targeted con- and society. By 2010: servation interventions; Target 1: People are aware of the values of biodiversity and (d) Efforts to ensure the continued provision of ecosystem ser- the steps they can take to conserve and use it sustainably. vices and to ensure access to these services, especially for the poor Target 2: Biodiversity values have been integrated into who most directly depend on them. Maintenance and restoration national and local development and poverty reduction strate- of ecosystems generally provide cost-effective ways to address gies and planning processes and are being incorporated into climate change. Therefore, although climate change is an addi- national accounting, as appropriate, and reporting systems. tional major threat to biodiversity, addressing this threat opens Target 3: Incentives, including subsidies, harmful to biodi- up a number of opportunities for biodiversity conservation and versity are eliminated, phased out or reformed in order to mini- sustainable use; mize or avoid negative impacts, and positive incentives for the (e) Enhanced support mechanisms for capacity-building; the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity are developed generation, use and sharing of knowledge; and access to the necessary and applied, consistent and in harmony with the Convention financial and other resources. National planning processes need and other relevant international obligations, taking into account to become more effective in mainstreaming biodiversity and in national socio economic conditions. highlighting its relevance for social and economic agendas. Con- Target 4: Governments, business and stakeholders at all vention bodies need to become more effective in reviewing im- levels have taken steps to achieve or have implemented plans plementation and providing support and guidance to Parties. for sustainable production and consumption and have kept the SEPTEMBER-DECEMBER 2010 ! ASEAN BIODIVERSITY ! 11
  10. impacts of use of natural resources well within safe ecological Target 15: Ecosystem resilience and the contribution of limits. biodiversity to carbon stocks has been enhanced, through conservation and restoration, including restoration of at least Strategic Goal B. Reduce the direct pressures on biodiversity 15 per cent of degraded ecosystems, thereby contributing to and promote sustainable use. By 2020: climate change mitigation and adaptation and to combating Target 5: The rate of loss of all natural habitats, including desertification. forests, is at least halved and where feasible brought close to zero, Target 16: By 2015, the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Ge- and degradation and fragmentation is significantly reduced. netic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Target 6: All fish and invertebrate stocks and aquatic plants Arising from their Utilization is in force and operational, consis- are managed and harvested sustainably, legally and applying eco- tent with national legislation. system based approaches, so that overfishing is avoided, recovery plans and measures are in place for all depleted species, fisheries Strategic Goal E. Enhance implementation through have no significant adverse impacts on threatened species and participatory planning, knowledge management and vulnerable ecosystems and the impacts of fisheries on stocks, capacity-building. species and ecosystems are within safe ecological limits. Target 17: By 2015, each Party has developed, adopted as Target 7: Areas under agriculture, aquaculture and forestry a policy instrument, and has commenced implementing an ef- are managed sustainably, ensuring conservation of biodiversity. fective, participatory and updated national biodiversity strategy Target 8: Pollution, including from excess nutrients, has and action plan. been brought to levels that are not detrimental to ecosystem Target 18: By 2020, the traditional knowledge, innovations function and biodiversity. and practices of indigenous and local communities relevant for Target 9: Invasive alien species and pathways are identified the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, and their and prioritized, priority species are controlled or eradicated, and customary use of biological resources, are respected, subject to measures are in place to manage pathways to prevent their intro- national legislation and relevant international obligations, and duction and establishment. fully integrated and reflected in the implementation of the Con- Target 10: By 2015, the multiple anthropogenic pressures vention with the full and effective participation of indigenous on coral reefs and other vulnerable ecosystems impacted by and local communities, at all relevant levels. climate change or ocean acidification are minimized, so as to Target 19: By 2020, knowledge, the science base and tech- maintain their integrity and functioning. nologies relating to biodiversity, its values, functioning, status and trends, and the consequences of its loss, are improved, wide- Strategic Goal C. Improve the status of biodiversity ly shared and transferred, and applied. by safeguarding ecosystems, species and genetic diversity. Target 20: By 2020, at the latest, the mobilization of finan- By 2020: cial resources for effectively implementing the Strategic Plan for Target 11: At least 17 per cent of terrestrial and inland Biodiversity 2011-2020 from all sources, and in accordance with water areas, and 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, es- the consolidated and agreed process in the Strategy for Resource pecially areas of particular importance for biodiversity and Mobilization, should increase substantially from the current lev- ecosystem services, are conserved through effectively and equi- els. This target will be subject to changes contingent to resource tably managed, ecologically representative and well connected needs assessments to be developed and reported by Parties. systems of protected areas and other effective area-based con- servation measures, and integrated into the wider landscapes V. IMPLEMENTATION, MONITORING, and seascapes. REVIEW AND EVALUATION Target 12: The extinction of known threatened species has 14. Means for implementation: The Strategic Plan will been prevented and their conservation status, particularly of be implemented primarily through activities at the national or those most in decline, has been improved and sustained. subnational level, with supporting action at the regional and Target 13: The genetic diversity of cultivated plants and global levels. The means of implementation for this Strategic farmed and domesticated animals and of wild relatives, in- Plan will include provision of financial resources in accordance cluding other socio-economically as well as culturally valuable with respective obligations under the Convention, taking into species is maintained, and strategies have been developed and account Article 20 of the Convention. The Strategic Plan pro- implemented for minimizing genetic erosion and safeguarding vides a flexible framework for the establishment of national their genetic diversity. and regional targets. National biodiversity strategies and action plans are key instruments for translating the Strategic Plan to Strategic Goal D: Enhance the benefits to all from national circumstances, including through the national targets, biodiversity and ecosystem services. By 2020: and for integrating biodiversity across all sectors of government Target 14: Ecosystems that provide essential services, in- and society. The participation of all relevant stakeholders should cluding services related to water, and contribute to health, liveli- be promoted and facilitated at all levels of implementation. hoods and well-being, are restored and safeguarded, taking into Initiatives and activities of indigenous and local communities, account the needs of women, indigenous and local communi- contributing to the implementation of the Strategic Plan at the ties, and the poor and vulnerable. local level, should be supported and encouraged. The means for 12 ! SEPTEMBER-DECEMBER 2010 ! ASEAN BIODIVERSITY www.aseanbiodiversity.org
  11. implementation may vary from country to country, according versity and ecosystem services into government decision-making to national needs and circumstances. Nonetheless, countries with the full and effective participation of indigenous and local should learn from each other when determining appropriate communities and other stakeholders. means for implementation. It is in this spirit that examples of 17. Partnerships at all levels are required for effective imple- the possible means for implementation are provided in the note mentation of the Strategic Plan, to leverage actions at the scale by the Executive Secretary on the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity necessary, to garner the ownership necessary to ensure main- 2011-2020: provisional technical rationale, possible indicators streaming of biodiversity across sectors of government, society and suggested milestones for the Aichi Biodiversity Targets. It is and the economy and to find synergies with national implemen- envisaged that implementation will be further supported by the tation of multilateral environmental agreements. Partnerships Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair with the programs, funds and specialized agencies of the United and Equitable Sharing of the Benefits Arising from their Utiliza- Nations system, as well as with other conventions and multi- tion and other components of the international regime on access lateral and bilateral agencies, foundations, women, indigenous and benefit-sharing which will facilitate the fair and equitable and local communities, and non-governmental organizations, sharing of benefits arising from the use of genetic resources. will be essential to support implementation of the Strategic 15. The programs of work: The thematic programs of Plan at the national level. At the international level, this requires work of the Convention include: biodiversity of inland waters, partnerships between the Convention and other conventions, marine and coastal biodiversity, agricultural biodiversity, forest international organizations and processes, civil society and the biodiversity, biodiversity of dry and sub-humid lands, mountain private sector. In particular, efforts will be needed to: biodiversity and island biodiversity. Together with the various (a) Ensure that the Convention, through its new Strategic cross-cutting issues, they provide detailed guidance on imple- Plan, contributes to sustainable development and the elimina- mentation of the Strategic Plan, and could also contribute to tion of poverty, and the other Millennium Development Goals; development and poverty reduction. They are key tools to be (b) Ensure cooperation to achieve implementation of the considered in the updating of national biodiversity strategies Plan in different sectors; and action plans. (c) Promote biodiversity-friendly practice by business; and 16. Broadening political support for this Strategic Plan (d) Promote synergy and coherence in the implementation and the objectives of the Convention is necessary, for example, of the multilateral environmental agreements. by working to ensure that Heads of State and Government and 18. Reporting by Parties: Parties will inform the Confer- the parliamentarians of all Parties understand the value of biodi- ence of the Parties of the national targets or commitments and versity and ecosystem services. Parties to the Convention should policy instruments they adopt to implement the Strategic Plan, be encouraged to establish national biodiversity targets that sup- as well as any milestones towards these targets, and report on port the achievement of the Strategic Plan and the Aichi Biodi- progress towards these targets and milestones, including through versity Targets and outline the measures and activities that will their fifth and sixth national reports. Suggested milestones, as achieve this, such as the development of comprehensive national well as suggested indicators, are to be developed in accordance accounting, as appropriate, that integrates the values of biodi- with the processes laid out in Paragraphs 3 (b), (e) and 17 (g) Photo by Rolly Inciong Rows of trees on a mountain side in Bohol, Philippines. SEPTEMBER-DECEMBER 2010 ! ASEAN BIODIVERSITY ! 13
  12. of Decision X/2 on the Strategic Plan as well as Decision X/7 ditional useful information beyond this community. A bio- on goals, targets and associated indicators. Parliamentarians, diversity knowledge network will be developed, including a by responding to the needs and expectations of citizens on a database and network of practitioners, to bring together this regular basis, should play a role in reviewing the implementa- knowledge and experience and to make it available through tion of the Convention at the national and subnational levels, the clearing-house mechanism to facilitate and support en- as appropriate, to help Governments produce a more compre- hanced implementation of the Convention. National clearing- hensive review. house mechanism nodes comprising networks of experts with 19. Review by the Conference of the Parties: The Con- effective websites should be developed and sustained so that ference of the Parties, with the support of other Convention in each Party, all have access to the information, expertise and bodies, in particular the Ad Hoc Open-ended Working Group experience required to implement the Convention. National on Review of Implementation of the Convention, will keep clearing-house mechanism nodes should also be linked to the under review implementation of this Strategic Plan, and sup- central clearing-house mechanism managed by the Conven- port effective implementation by Parties ensuring that new tion Secretariat, and information exchange between these guidance is informed by the experience of Parties in imple- should be facilitated. menting the Convention, in line with the principle of adaptive 23. Financial resources: The strategy for resource mobili- management through active learning. The Conference of the zation including the proposed concrete initiatives, targets and Parties will review the progress towards the Aichi Biodiversity indicators to be developed, and processes for developing in- Targets as set out in the Strategic Plan and make recommen- novative mechanisms, provides a roadmap for achieving the dations to overcome any obstacles encountered in meeting effective implementation of Article 20, paragraphs 2 and 4, of those targets, including revision of the provisional technical the Convention, in order to provide adequate, predictable and rationale, possible indicators and suggested milestones for the timely new and additional financial resources, in support of Aichi Biodiversity Targets and measures contained therein, the implementation of this Strategic Plan. and, as appropriate, to strengthen the mechanisms to sup- 24. Partnerships and initiatives to enhance coopera- port implementation, monitoring and review. To facilitate tion: Cooperation will be enhanced with the programs, funds this work, the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and and specialized agencies of the United Nations system as well Technological Advice (SBSTTA) should develop a common as conventions and other multilateral and bilateral agencies, set of biodiversity metrics to be used to assess the status of foundations and non-governmental organizations and indig- biodiversity and its values. enous and local communities, to support implementation of the Strategic Plan at the national level. Cooperation will also VI.SUPPORT MECHANISMS be enhanced with relevant regional bodies to promote region- 20. Capacity-building for effective national action: al biodiversity strategies and the integration of biodiversity Many Parties, especially the developing countries, in particu- into broader initiatives. Initiatives of the Convention such as lar the least developed countries, small island developing States South-South cooperation, promoting engagement of subna- and the most environmentally vulnerable countries, as well as tional governments, cities and local authorities, and business countries with economies in transition, may require support for and biodiversity and promoting the engagement of parliamen- the development of national targets and their integration into tarians, including through inter-parliamentary dialogues will national biodiversity strategies and action plans, revised and contribute to the implementation of the Strategic Plan. updated in line with this Strategic Plan and guidance from the 25. Support mechanisms for research, monitoring and Conference of the Parties (Decision IX/8). Global and regional assessment: The following are key elements to ensure effective capacity-building programs could provide technical support implementation of the Strategic Plan: and facilitate peer-to-peer exchange, complementing national (a) Global monitoring of biodiversity: work is needed to activities supported by the financial mechanism in line with the monitor the status and trends of biodiversity, maintain and four-year framework of program priorities related to utilization share data, and develop and use indicators and agreed mea- of GEF resources for biodiversity for the period from 2010 to sures of biodiversity and ecosystem change; 2014 (Decision IX/31). Capacity-building on gender main- (b) Regular assessment of the state of biodiversity and eco- streaming in accordance with the Convention’s gender plan of system services, future scenarios and effectiveness of responses: action, and for indigenous and local communities concerning this could be provided through an enhanced role for the Sub- the implementation of the Strategic Plan at national and subna- sidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Ad- tional levels should be supported. vice as well as the proposed intergovernmental platform on 21. The Strategic Plan will be implemented through the biodiversity and ecosystem services; programs of work of the Convention on Biological Diversity, (c) Ongoing research on biodiversity and ecosystem func- implementation of national biodiversity strategies and action tion and services and their relationship to human well-being; plans, and other national, regional and international activities. (d) The contributions of knowledge, innovations and prac- 22. Clearing-house mechanism and technology trans- tices of indigenous and local communities relevant to the con- fer: Collectively those involved in implementing the Conven- servation and sustainable use of biodiversity to all the above; tion have a wealth of experience and have developed many (e) Capacity-building and timely, adequate, predictable useful good practice cases, tools and guidance. There is ad- and sustainable financial and technical resources. ! 14 ! SEPTEMBER-DECEMBER 2010 ! ASEAN BIODIVERSITY www.aseanbiodiversity.org
  13. International regime on ABS NATIONS TO SHARE BENEFITS OF WORLD’S GENETIC RESOURCES T wo decades of debate have finally resulted in a global agreement on sharing the world’s genetic resources. Meeting in Nagoya, Japan in October 2010, governments from around the world agreed to a new treaty on managing the planet’s wealth of genetic resources – from animals to plants to fungi – more fairly and systematically. Coming on the last day compounds derived from ge- and nations’. I congratulate sustainable development and of the two-week Conference netic resources will be dealt the governments for ‘bring- facilitate the achievement of of the Parties to the Conven- with, as well as on the issue ing a fresh vision’ to the more the Millennium Develop- tion on Biological Diversity of pathogens, including how intelligent management of life ment Goals, the eight poverty (CBD), the new treaty is a developed countries could on Earth,” Dr. Steiner em- alleviation and social develop- protocol to the CBD which obtain a flu virus in emer- phasized. ment targets which States and establishes an International gency situations to develop a UN Secretary-General their partners have agreed to Regime on Access and Benefit vaccine to counter a possible Ban Ki-moon welcomed the achieve by 2015. Sharing of Genetic Resources epidemic. historic protocol, calling the “The protocol will allow (ABS) and lays down the basic Dr. Achim Steiner, Execu- agreement a significant step us now to fully implement the ground rules on how coun- tive Director of the UN Envi- to reaching global develop- Convention,” he said, “add- tries will cooperate in obtain- ronment Programme, said the ment goals. ing that it had established the ing genetic resources. Nagoya Protocol highlights “The new protocol pro- foundation of a new interna- Many countries own the day to celebrate in terms vides an innovative approach tional economic and ecologi- plants that serve as source of a new and innovative re- to conserving and protecting cal order based on respect of of genetic resources. Other sponse to the alarming loss of the world’s rapidly diminish- nature in its diversity, includ- countries turn such resources biodiversity and ecosystems ing living resources, while ing human beings.” into commercial products. and opportunities for lives providing benefits to all, in R.A. Inciong Such situation has brought and livelihoods in terms of particular, local communities disagreements between the overcoming poverty and de- in developing countries,” Mr. The complete text of the sources and the develop- livering sustainable develop- Ban Ki-moon said. Nagoya Protocol on Access ers. The new Nagoya Pro- ment. Dr. Ahmed Djoghlaf, Ex- to Genetic Resources and the tocol on ABS outlines how “This achievement also ecutive Secretary of the CBD, Fair and Equitable Sharing benefits will be shared with shows how countries can put described the protocol as one of Benefits Arising from their countries and communities aside the ‘narrow differences of the most important legal Utilization to the Convention who conserve and manage that all-too-often divide in instruments in the history of on Biological Diversity may genetic resources. It lays out favor of the broader, shared the environmental protection, be accessed at http://www.cbd. rules on how substances and issues that can unite peoples saying it would help achieve int/abs/text/. SEPTEMBER-DECEMBER 2010 ! ASEAN BIODIVERSITY ! 15
  14. WORLD TO MOBILIZE RESOURCES VS BIODIVERSITY LOSS A global effort to pool resources to reduce biodiversity loss has been launched with the adoption of a Resource Mobilization Strategy by the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). The decision was made at the 10th Meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the CBD in Nagoya, Japan in October 2010 The Strategy stresses the communities. The identified, and to importance of mobilizing workshops will be create enabling con- the necessary resources for part of the process ditions for those mainstreaming biodiversity of updating national countries yet to un- in national strategies for sus- biodiversity strategy dertake such analy- tainable development and and action plans; ses to identify their poverty reduction in order to promote exchange respective needs. integrate biodiversity better of experience and The Strategy in the national, regional and good practice in fi- targets to increase local decision-making pro- nancing for biologi- the annual interna- cesses. The Strategy reiterates cal diversity; and fa- tional financial flows that national implementation cilitate the national by 2020 to partner should include the design and monitoring of the countries to con- dissemination of a country- outcomes of coun- tribute to achieving specific resource mobilization try specific resource the CBD’s three strategy, with the involve- mobilization strate- objectives; and pro- ment of key stakeholders, in gies. The Global vide all Parties with the framework of updated Environment Facil- adequate financial national biodiversity strategy ity will be engaged resources by 2015. and action plans. to provide timely Possible sources of Parties were invited to ap- and adequate fi- funding include point their respective resource nancial support for Official Develop- mobilization focal points updating national Photo by Tan Ai Bee ment Assistance, to facilitate national imple- biodiversity strat- Tourists admire a giant tree domestic budgets, mentation of the strategy for egies and action private sector, non- resource mobilization. The plans, which may include and are working to close the governmental organizations, CBD Executive Secretary was the development of country- financial gap to effectively foundations, academia, inter- requested to organize regional specific resource mobilization conserve their biological re- national financial institutions, and subregional workshops to strategies. sources, the Strategy invites United Nations organizations assist with the development of Recognizing that many Parties to share their experi- and programs, South-South country-specific resource mo- developing countries have ences and lessons learned. It cooperation initiatives, and bilization strategies, includ- undertaken analyses of the calls upon developed coun- technical cooperation. ing for indigenous and local values of their biodiversity tries to respond to the needs R.A. Inciong 16 ! SEPTEMBER-DECEMBER 2010 ! ASEAN BIODIVERSITY www.aseanbiodiversity.org
  15. NATIONS ADOPT NEW TREATY ON LIVING MODIFIED ORGANISMS T he international community has adopted a new treaty York. Countries will have until March 6, 2012 to sign on rules and procedures on liability and redress for the treaty, which will enter into force 90 days after being damage to biodiversity resulting from the use of ratified by at least 40 Parties living modified organisms (LMOs). to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety. The meeting in Nagoya The adoption of the new with respect to the appropri- The Group of the Friends also adopted a ten-year Stra- treaty, after six years of nego- ate elaboration of interna- of the Co-Chairs further ne- tegic Plan for the imple- tiations, came at the conclu- tional rules and procedures gotiated the proposed op- mentation of the Protocol; a sion of the five-day meeting in the field of liability and erational texts and produced program of work on public of the governing body of the redress for damage resulting draft text for a supplemen- awareness, education and par- Cartagena Protocol on Bio- from transboundary move- tary protocol on liability ticipation concerning LMOs; safety in Nagoya, Japan in ments of living modified and redress to the Biosafety and further guidance on risk October 2010. The new trea- organisms, analyzing and Protocol. The draft text was assessment and risk manage- ty is called the Nagoya-Kuala taking due account of the further negotiated at the sec- ment. Lumpur Supplementary Pro- ongoing processes in inter- ond and fourth meetings of In 1992, the CBD iden- tocol on Liability and Redress national law on these mat- the Group. The fourth meet- tified biosafety as one of the to the Cartagena Protocol ters, and shall endeavor to ing of the Group was held in critical issues that should be on Biosafety. The Cartagena complete this process within Nagoya from October 6 to addressed. The importance Protocol on Biosafety is a four years.” 11, 2010, prior to the Fifth placed on biosafety-related supplementary treaty to the At its first meeting in Meeting of the Parties to the issues resulted in the adop- Convention on Biological Kuala Lumpur in 2003, the Protocol. tion of the Biosafety Protocol Diversity (CBD). Biosafety Parties to the Protocol estab- Mr. Rene Lefeber of the to the CBD. The Protocol refers to the need to protect lished an Ad Hoc Open End- Netherlands, one of the Co- provides a regulatory frame- biodiversity as well as human ed Working Group of Legal Chairs of the Group of the work for biotechnology and environmental health and Technical Experts on Lia- Friends of the Co-Chairs that products, making it possible from the potential adverse ef- bility and Redress to elaborate negotiated the text of the new to generate the maximum fects of the products of mod- options for elements of inter- treaty said: “It has been many benefit from the potential ern biotechnology. national rules and procedures years since the last global en- that biotechnology has to The Cartagena Protocol on liability and redress under vironmental agreement was offer, while minimizing the seeks to protect biological the Protocol. At its fourth agreed. The adoption of a possible risks to human and diversity from the potential meeting in Bonn, Germany new supplementary Protocol environmental health. Ac- risks posed by living modi- in 2008, the Parties, on the during the International Year cording to the CBD, risk fied organisms resulting from basis of the final report of the of Biodiversity will give new assessment involves identi- modern biotechnology. To Working Group, further nego- impetus to multilateral envi- fication and evaluation of date, more than 120 coun- tiated and produced proposed ronmental negotiations. This potential adverse effects tries have developed legal and operational texts for the inter- agreement will also make In the ASEAN region, the administrative frameworks national rules and procedures important contribution to Philippines, Cambodia, Lao necessary to implement the on liability and redress as the the on-going work under the PDR, Malaysia, Thailand and Protocol. basis for further negotiations. Convention on Biological Vietnam of the Association Article 27 of the Proto- To continue the process, the Diversity to protect life on of Southeast Asian Nation col states that “the Confer- Parties established a Group of earth.” (ASEAN) are in the process of ence of the Parties serving as the Friends of the Co-Chairs Signing of the new treaty developing or implementing the meeting of the Parties to Concerning Liability and Re- by member countries will be- their biosafety frameworks, this Protocol shall, at its first dress in the Context of the gin on March 7, 2011 at the policies and laws. meeting, adopt a process Protocol. UN Headquarters in New R.A. Inciong SEPTEMBER-DECEMBER 2010 ! ASEAN BIODIVERSITY ! 17
  16. UNEP LAUNCHES THE ECONOMICS OF ECOSYSTEMS AND BIODIVERSITY T he United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) launched The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB) reports at a side event during the 10th Meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity held in Nagoya, Japan in October 2010. The TEEB reports present findings from a global study on the economics of biodiversity loss. Pavan Sukhdev, TEEB study leader, explained that TEEB is not a cost-benefit analysis of the Earth. He ex- plained that TEEB recognizes that biodiversity has many different types of values, not all of which can be given a price tag. He added that mar- ket solutions represent only a small fraction of the econom- ic solutions available to value biodiversity. Sukhdev highlighted key findings from the TEEB study, including that: na- ture’s value must be made visible; better management requires better measurement; incorporating ecosystem services values into policy is particularly critical for the world’s poor because they depend heavily on ecosystem Pavan Sukhdev, TEEB study leader, stresses the urgency of upgrading the system of national accounts, services for their livelihoods; and of doing so in a manner that incorporates carbon soundly so that appropriate systems are in place to and ecosystem conservation enable effective REDD+ development. 18 ! SEPTEMBER-DECEMBER 2010 ! ASEAN BIODIVERSITY www.aseanbiodiversity.org
  17. and restoration should be NEW BOOK FEATURES evaluated and pursued in support of climate change. He introduced a partnership ASEAN HERITAGE PARKS E between TEEB and MO- ducational and inspirational FILM, a global community sites of high conservation im- of filmmakers, from which portance, lush evergreen tropi- 25 TEEB-related films have cal forests, and ecosystems that cradle been selected and will be life-giving resources for the ASEAN made available online. region’s over half a billion people. Ibrahim Thiaw of UNEP These are the 28 ASEAN Heritage explained that the TEEB Parks found across Southeast Asia. study was spearheaded by Taking a trip to these most won- Germany and the European derful natural destinations is now Commission in response to a easier with the book “The ASEAN proposal in 2007 by the G8+5 Heritage Parks: A Journey to the Environment Ministers. Natural Wonders of Southeast Asia.” During the launching side Launched at the Tenth Meeting of the event, Hideki Minamikawa, Conference of the Parties to the Con- Japan’s Vice-Minister of the vention on Biological Diversity on Ministry of Environment, October 19, 2010 in Nagoya, Japan, on behalf of Japan’s Minister the book aims to encourage greater of Environment, said TEEB appreciation for the ASEAN’s natural could be a revolutionary mea- heritage, as well as generate greater sure to trigger a new means support for their protection and con- to facilitate poverty reduction servation and encourage more collab- and biodiversity conserva- orative activities for their sustainable tion. development and management. tured to provide a picture of the human Ahmed Djoghlaf, CBD “The ASEAN Heritage Parks were estab- element that is crucial to protected area Executive Secretary, stressed lished to generate greater awareness, pride, management,” Dr. Uriarte explained. the importance of integrat- appreciation, enjoyment and conservation “ASEAN shall continue to focus ef- ing findings from TEEB into of ASEAN’s rich natural heritage, through a forts on the ASEAN Heritage Parks the 2011-2020 strategic plan regional network of representative protected Programme and also encourage further for the CBD and the next areas, and to generate greater collaboration expanding the list of ASEAN Heritage generation of National Bio- among ASEAN Member States in preserving Parks as well as World Heritage Cultural diversity Strategies and Ac- their shared natural heritage,” said Dr. Mo- Sites in the region. This is in support of tion Plans. nina Uriarte, editor-in-chief of the book. the ASEAN Vision 2020 that calls for Nicola Breier, Germa- “As Secretariat of the ASEAN Heritage ‘a clean and green ASEAN with fully ny’s Federal Minister for Parks Programme, the ASEAN Centre for established mechanisms to ensure the the Environment, Nature Biodiversity produced the book in collabo- protection of the region’s environment, Conservation and Nuclear ration with the ASEAN Member States so sustainability of its natural resources, and Safety, said stakeholders in- that people may understand the significance the high quality of life of its peoples’,” creasingly understand that of the ASEAN Heritage Parks to regional Dr. Surin Pitsuwan, Secretary-General of conserving biodiversity can and global biodiversity, cultural identity, as ASEAN, said in his message. yield business and saving well as the well-being of the people of the opportunities, while biodi- ASEAN region. Stories on management ac- To know more about the book and versity can also have a hard tivities and interrelationships between local to order a copy, please e-mail contact.us@ economic value. She said communities and natural resources are fea- aseanbiodiversity.org. the second phase of TEEB requires implementing the report’s findings. enormous opportunities pro- biodiversity concerns will negotiating text to ensure that Karl Falkenberg, Euro- vided by nature. Supporting not be mainstreamed in the biodiversity is adequately ad- pean Commission director Falkenberg, Braulio Ferreira absence of strong economic dressed in national account- general for the environment, de Souza Dias, Brazil’s Minis- arguments. He encouraged ing. said TEEB demonstrates the try of the Environment, said parties to remove brackets in IISD Reporting Services SEPTEMBER-DECEMBER 2010 ! ASEAN BIODIVERSITY ! 19
  18. ASEAN COUNTRIES: ON WAY TO REAPING BENEFITS FROM BIODIVERSITY ! By ROLANDO INCIONG A SEAN Member States do not get a fair share of the benefits derived from the use of biological resources for the development of high-yielding crop varieties, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, and other products despite holding 18 per cent of the world’s known plant, animal and marine species assessed by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Such situation, said Executive Director Rodrigo U. Fuentes of the ASEAN Centre for Biodiversity (ACB), reduces the incentive for the world’s biologically rich but economically poor countries to conserve and sustainably use their biodiversity resources. The indigenous peoples, in particular, have an intimate link with biodiversity and it is no accident that along with the massive loss of biodiversity, indigenous cultures with their largely undocumented knowledge are being wiped out, the executive director added. Addressing the Interna- Asian Nations (ASEAN) have From the Utilization of Biolog- ples and local communities to tional Conference on Con- a common interest to benefit ical and Genetic Resource was ensure that the use of biologi- servation and Sustainable Use from their biological and ge- completed in 2004. Aimed cal and genetic resources and of Biodiversity: Global Envi- netic resources in the develop- at facilitating coordinated ac- equitable sharing of benefits ronmental Action in Nagoya, ment of products, compounds tions by the ASEAN Member are consistent with the prin- Japan in preparation for the and substances that have me- States, the Framework Agree- ciple of prior and informed 10th Meeting of the Confer- dicinal, industrial, agricul- ment supports national poli- consent. As far as indigenous ence of the Parties (COP10) tural and related applications. cies and regulations on access people’s (IP) communities to the Convention on Bio- Equally important is the task and benefit sharing (ABS), are concerned, there should logical Diversity (CBD), to protect such resources from providing a level playing field be fair and equitable sharing Director Fuentes stressed the biopiracy in the midst of un- for all member states wishing where traditional knowledge need for equal access to and regulated use. to control the exploitation of is utilized. protection of biological and Toward this end, the their biological and genetic “The ASEAN Framework genetic resources. ASEAN Framework Agreement resources. It also recognizes Agreement, together with the The ten member states of on Access to, and Fair and Equi- and protects the traditional Bonn Guidelines on Access to the Association of Southeast table Sharing of Benefits Arising knowledge of indigenous peo- Genetic Resources and Fair 20 ! SEPTEMBER-DECEMBER 2010 ! ASEAN BIODIVERSITY www.aseanbiodiversity.org

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