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Family and friends starter teacher's: Part 1

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Family and friends starter teacher's: Part 1

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Family and Friends Starter gives young learners a solid foundation in English. With a carefully graded reading and writing syllabus, accompanied by a clear phonics programme, the course takes learners from recognizing and tracing letters to writing and reading simple sentences with confidence. Inviting you to refer part 1 of Tài liệu.

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  1. 2 Scope and sequence Jl Unit 5 Introduction 6 ) ( Unit 6 60 Flashcards and games 18 ) ( Unit7 66 MultiROM Listen at home 23 ) ( Unit 8 72 Starter Unit 241 r Unit 9 78 Unit 1 30 Review pages answer key 84 Unit 2 36 Workbook answer key 85 Unit3 42 Photocopy Masters Book notes 91 Unit4 48 Wordlist 92
  2. All core language is recycled regularly throughout the course. Words Grammar Core: Rosy, Tim, Billy, hello, goodbye Whats your name? Extra: everyone, English, fun , teacher, friends, has got, I'm Ttm. p24 an, with, Mum, Miss Bell ~====.~~1~========~~~~------------------------------~-----------------+------ Colours What colour is it? .
  3. Phonics Numbers Skills Values Aa 1,2 Read ing: Left-to-right progression; visual Greet ing people apple, Annie discrimination; recognizing sequences (interacting w ith others in a Bb Writing: Left-to-right progression; drawing polite and friend ly manner) boy, bat horizonta ls and vertica ls; drawing long and short lines Cc 3,4 Reading : Left-to-right progression; visual Be clea n and tidy cat,car discrimination; identifying the odd-one-out (understanding ways of looking Dd Writing : Left-to-right progression; draw ing diagonals, after yourself and your home dog,duck curves and curve sequences; drawing downstrokes environment) (lines, curves and diagonals) Ee 5, 6 Read ing : Left-to-right progression; visual Play respectfully egg, elephant discrimination; identifying differences (understanding appropriate Ff Writing: Left-to-right progression; large and behaviour required for building fish, farm small loops good family relationships) Gg 7,8 Reading : Left-to-right progression; visual Be kind to others girl, guitar discrimination; recogn izing fragments of a pattern (sharing and playing co- Hh Wri ting : Left-to-right progression; complex loops operatively) hat, horse and pathways; w ave patterns li Jj Read ing : Word recognition (identifying words that At ot her people's homes jug, juice are the same); matching words to pictures; reading (show ing respect for family and Kk simple sentence patterns friends at home) kangaroo, key Writing : Word tracing; guided word writ ing; LI completing simple sentence patterns lion, lollipop Mm 11 , 12 Reading: Word recognition; matching words to Take ca re in the park man, mango pictures; reading simple sentence patterns (understanding appropriate Nn Writing : Word tracing; guided word writing; behaviour outside the home nose, neck completing simple sentence patterns environment) 00 orange, octopus Pp 13,14 Reading: Word recognition; matching words to Be kind to animals panda,pen pictures; reading simple sentence patterns (understanding that living Qq Writing : Word tracing; guided word writing; creatures shou ld be respected queen, quilt completing simple sentence patterns and treated w ith care) Rr river, rainbow Scope and sequence 3
  4. Words Grammar Are they waiters? Core: pupil, teacher, waiter, vet, builder Yes, theyare. Extra: dressing up, there's, snake, in a row, let's go, goes No, they aren't. I've got a hat. Core:jumper, shirt, jacket, hat, belt Extra: I've got a, Victor, Vicky, big, small Food and drink I like plums. Core: raisins, plums, crisps, cakes, milkshake I don't like raisins. Extra: yum, yuk, I like, yellow 4 Scope and sequence
  5. Phonics Skills I Values ... Ss 15, 16 Reading: Word recognition; reading simple Take care at school sofa, sock sentences; reading simple dialogues (learning appropriate respectful Tt Writing: Word writing; completing gap sentences; behaviour at school) towel, turtle i writing simple full sentences Uu umbrella, up Vv 17, 18 Reading: Word recogniti on; reading simple Appreciate kindness from violin, vase sentences; reading simple dialogues others Ww Writing: Word writing; completing gap sentences; (recognizing generosity and woman, wall w riting simple full sentences kindness) Xx box, fox I writing simple full sentences others) Scope and sequence 5
  6. Fam ily and Friends is a complete seven-level course of Phonics English for children in primary schools. It uses a clear Phonics teaches the rel ationship between letters / letter grammar-based curriculum alongside para llel syllabi in ski ll s combinations and the sounds they make. The study of and phonics. In th is way, children develop the confidence phonics enables children to decode new words, thereby and competence to communicate effectively in English, as improving reading ski ll s and helping them to grasp spell ing well as understanding and processing information from a and pronunciation patterns quickly. wide range of sources. Family and Friends combines the Family and Friends draws on the principles of synthetic most effective literacy techniques used with native Eng lish ph onics, in wh ich sounds and letters are combined to form speakers with proven techniques for teaching English as a w hole w ords (i.e. synthesis). fore ign la nguage to ch ildren. Each unit contains two phon ics lessons. Chi ldren learn the Children have different learning styles. Some learn better by sound and letter form of initial sounds so they associate seeing (visual learners), some by listening (aud itory learners), sou nd and letter. some by read ing and w riting, and some wi th move ment (kinaesthetic learners). Family and Friends uses all of these Stories approaches to help every chi ld realize his or her potential. Every unit contains a story which provides a fun and Fam ily and Friends also looks beyond the classroom and motivating context in which the new language appears. promotes the values of family and friendsh ip: co-operation, We meet a happy extended fam ily and see the amusing sharing, helping, and appreciating those w ho help us. adventu res of Rosy, her cheeky one-yea r-old brother Billy, Th is level of Family and Friends includes the following: and her cousi n Tim. Class Book with Student Mult iROM The stories also provide idea l scenarios for practising and Workbook review ing language structu res and key words in a cycl ical manner. Teacher's Book iTools (digital cla ss resources) Songs and chants Audio COs Every un it in Family and Friends contains two songs for Alphabet Book children to practise the new language, as well as vocabulary and phon ics chants. Teacher's Resource Pack containing: Melody and rhythm are an essentia l aid to memory. By • Photocopy Masters Book singing, children are able to address fears and shyness and • Testing and Evaluation Book practise the lang uage in a joyful way together. They are also • Wo rds flashcards fun and motivating activities and are a good opportunity to • Phon ics ca rds add movement to the lessons. • Phonics poster Drama and Total Physical Response (TPR) Methodology Students of any age, especially kinaesthet ic learners, benefit from associating language with movement and actions. The Words and grammar more the body is involved in the learn ing process, the more New words are introduced in relation to each unit's topi c or likely the student is to absorb and reta in the information. theme. They are presented in the Class Book with support For this reason, children are taught series of actions to from the flashcards and record ings and are then practised accompany the stories and songs. with chants, songs, and motivat ing classroom games and In Family and Friends the children are also given t he activit ies. opportunity to act out the stories with simple drama The ch ildren are first exposed to the new grammar items act ivi t ies. One of the main obstacles to language learning alongside the key words in the un it stories. They t hen move at any age is self-consciou sness. Drama, by appealing on to focused grammar practice, w hich is reinforced w ith a to the imagination, is an excellent way for children to range of spoken and w ritten activities. 'lose themselves' in the story, thereby increasing their communicative ability. Like other skills work, drama helps Reading and writing children to communicate and be understood. By developing Fam ily and Friends Starter offers a carefull y graded performance skill s, they practise and become fluent in introduction t o reading and w riting. For more deta ils see expressing rea l-l ife situations, starting with the story in the page 10. classroom and then moving on to real -world contexts. Games and optional activities Games provide a natural context for language practice and are very popu lar w ith chi ldren. They promote the development of w ider cogn itive skills such as memory, seq uencing, motor ski ll s, and deductive skills. If required, 6 Introduction
  7. all the games in Family and Friends can take place at the Testing and evaluation chi ldren's desks w ith a minimum of classroom disruption. Children's progress can be evaluated through ongoing Suggestions for optional activities are included in the assessment, self-assessment, and formal testing. teacher's notes for every lesson. They can be used acco rding to the timing and pace of the lesson and their approp riacy Th e Testing and Evaluation Book offers: to the ch ildren in the class. • suggestions for ongo ing classroom evaluation. Typica lly, optional activities are games and TPR activities that • an eva luation sheet to keep a record of children's progress. allow children to respond to the new vocabulary and sounds • suggestions for encouraging children to self-eval uate. they are learning in a way that is fun and motivating. Games • 10 unit tests. used frequently as optional activities are detailed on the Flashcards and games pages. Multimedia For activities wh ich involve drawing and colouring in, it is suggested that children work in groups to share craft Student MultiROM materials. The Student MultiROM contains: • Listen at home target language, songs, and phonics chants Review units for children to practise at home. They can be played on a CD After every three units there is a Review unit. These are player, or on a computer using the audio player. (A fu ll list of shorter units of exercises which provide additional practice tracks can be found on page 23 of the Teacher's Book.) of the vocabulary and structures presented in the three • Co mputer-based interactive activities which practise the preceding units. No new material is presented or practised vocabulary, gramma r, and phonics from each unit, and in these units. They can be used as a progress test to check ka raoke versions of the songs for ch ildren to si ng along to. that ch ildren have remembered w hat they have learned. A complete answer key can be found on page 84 of the Family and Friends iTools Teac her's Book. Family and Friends iTools is a CD-ROM which contains digital class resources and 'make your own' resources. Values All the digital class resources on the iTools can be used Values, w hich can also be called civic education, are a key interactively, either on an Interactive Wh iteboard (IWB) or on strand in Family and Friends . Teaching values is important a projector. These include: as it focuses on the whole child, not just language skills. It • vocabulary presentation and practice. improves children's awareness of good behaviour, and how • frame-by-frame story presentation. their behaviour and attitudes can impact on the people • grammar presentation and practice. around them and their environment. • phonics presentation and practice. Areas for values teach ing include helping children to understand about: Picture dictionary • Community, e.g. agreeing and follow ing school ru les, understanding the needs of people and other living A picture dictionary is provided on pages 70- 72 of the Class th ings, understand ing what improves and harms their Book for ch ildren to refer to whenever necessary. A suitable environment, contributing to the life of the class and point to use the Picture dictionary would be at the end of school . Lesson 1 of each unit, after children have been exposed to all • Health and hyg iene, e.g. understanding the basics of of the vocabulary from the unit. healthy eating, maintaining persona l hyg iene, rule s for keeping safe around the hou se and on the road . Readers (levels 1-6) • Interacting with others, e.g. listening to other people, Research shows that the more you read, the better you playing and working co-operatively, sharing, identifying become at English. The dedicated read ing sections in the and respecting the differences and similarities between Class Book and Workbook focus on reading shorter texts people, helping others in need. intensively, but it is also important for students to learn to Values ~ re highlighted throughout the course in various read extensively, approaching longer texts at their own pace. places: Students should read at the right level, with lang uage that is • In the 10 Va lues worksheets in the Photocopy Masters appropriate for their abilities and knowledge. Book (PMB) - one per unit. The Family and Friends Readers are designed for extensive • In the exemplification of good behaviour th rough out the read ing. The stories vary between classic fa irytales and course, in particular in the Class Book stories and their modern-day stories which focus on children's lives today. characters. They contain app roximately 100 core headwords (500), and • In the co-operative learning activities throughout the correspond w ith the vocabulary and grammar syllabus of course, w hich encou rage chi ldren to work together and the course books. They also contain integrated activities co-operate in order to complete activities. w hich can be used either in the classroom or for homework. Introduction 7
  8. Grammar Friends • Play the recording. Children practise the story in their n e Grammar Friends series can be used alongside Family g roups, saying their character's lines (if they have any) and and Friends 1- 6 as an additional resource to provide more doing their actions. Props can be used if you w ish, or you ritten grammar practice. The words and grammar used in may prefer objects from the story to remain im aginary. each unit match the words and grammar taught in the Class • At the end of the exercise, invite some of the groups to Book. As in Family and Friends, the everyday activities of the act out their story at the front of the class. members of an extended family and their friends provide the Acting as a class contexts for the presentation and the practice. The grammar As an alternative, you may wish to act out the story as a class: rul es are presented very si mply, and enable chi ld ren to build • Decide together on actions for the story w hich chi ldren up a picture of the grammatical system step by step. It can can do at their desks without standin g up (e.g. they could be used in class or at home. 'walk'their fingers to show that th e character is wa lkin g). There is a CD-ROM containing add itional interactive • Play the recording to practise reciting the lines. Children exerci ses and mu ltiple-choice g rammar tests w ith each m ime the actions for each character as they speak. Stud ent's Book. A Teacher's Book for each level contains the • Play the recording aga in for ch ild ren to give their final answe rs to the exercises, notes on the un its, and tests. performance. Acting with a 'lead group' Alphabet Book This is a co mbination of the two previous procedures: The Alpha bet Book provides structured, context ua lized • Dec ide on actions for the story as above. practice in recognizing and form ing upper- and lower-case • Divide the class into groups so that there is one ch ild in letters. It can be used before starting Starter for children who ea ch group to play each character. Children should all be are less familiar with the alphabet, or alongside Starter for facing the front of th e class, and not the other people in children who need extra practice working with letters. their groups. They won't need to leave their seats. • Ask one of the groups to come to the fro nt of the class. Handwriting • Play the recording. The g roup at the fro nt demonstrate The handw ritin g section on pages 70- 72 of the Workbook the actions to the class. provi des an opportunity to practise writing the upper- and lower-case forms of all the letters of the alphabet and the • Play the reco rdi ng aga in for the rest of the children to join numbers in digit form. As w ith the Picture dictionary, these in with the actions. pages can be used in class or at home. Classroom management Drama in the classroom Children learn best when the atmosphere in the classroom is relaxed, happy, and well -ordered. How to present the stories • Success is a great motivator. Try to make every ch ild feel Each story is presented at the end of every unit and has a successful and praise their attempts enthus ia stica lly. recept ive and productive stage. In the first st age (receptive Children shou ld all be familiar w ith expressions such as stage), children listen to the story and follow it in thei r Class Good boy / girl, Good work, Well done! Excellent try! You did Books. In the second stage (p roductive stage), ch ildren listen that very well. again and act it out. • Errors need to be corrected, but use positive and tactful It should be noted that children are not expected to repeat feedback so that ch ild ren are not afraid of making or produce all the language of the stories in the first four m istakes. If a child makes a mistake, say Good try. Try again, units. The notes for these units provide ideas for what then model the correct answer for the ch ild to repeat. children can do to act out these stories. Avoid using wo rds such as No or That's wrong, as these Acting out the stories can create negative associations with learning. There are va rious ways of acting out the stories, depend ing • Establi sh a clear and consistent set of classroom rules and on the size and nature of your class. ensure that all the children know what to expect. Always praise good behaviour so that bad be haviour does not Acting in groups become a means of gaining attention. The following procedure is suggested in the teach ing notes • Ensure that you are wel l prepared for every lesson. Read for each unit the lesson notes and prepare any materials you w ill need • Decide as a class on actions for each character at each before the lesson. stage of the story (c hildren may suggest actions wh ich are not shown in the pictures). • Divide the cla ss into groups so that there is one child to play each character. To keep d is ruption to a minimum, ch ildren cou ld turn their chairs to work wi th those behind them and remain in their seats. Introduction
  9. Involving parents Learning involves a co-operative relationship between home and school, and it is important to establish clear communication with parents to encourage home support. The following are suggestions about possible ways of doing this: • Keep parents informed about what their children are learning and their progress. Parents might benefit from receiving newsletters listing what children are now able to do, and what words and phrases they are studying. • Encourage extra practice at home using the MultiROM, especially the Listen at home sections. The children can enjoy singing the songs at home and performing the stories and plays to their families and friends. • Show parents the completed Values worksheets from the Photocopy Masters Book. • Show parents the children's completed Evaluation Sheet from the Testing and Evaluation Book at the end of each semester. • Organize a concert or parents' afternoon where the children can perform the unit stories, plays from the PMB, and the songs they have learnt, along with their actions. • Organize an Open Day where parents can come into the classroom with their children to see displays of their work and share any feedback or concerns with you in a re laxed environment. Introduction 9
  10. Family and Friends Starter develops children's read ing and w riting skill s in a graded and supportive manner. Pre -readi ng and pre-writing skills are taught in Starter Unit to Unit 3, word reading and writing in Units 4 to 6, and controlled full sentence reading and writing in Units 7 to 9. Writing Units 7-9 Units 4-6 Units 0-3 Starter Unit - Unit 3 (pre-writing) Unit 7 - Unit 9 Children. learn single letter and number formati on through Children learn more single letter and number formation through t racing and copyi ng exercises: Aa-/i, /- 8. They are not tracing, copying and subtraction exercises: Ss-Zz, /5-20. expected to w rite or t race words at t his stage. Children write vocabulary words freely and complete gap Children develop their pre-w riting and general motor skills, sentences, some of which are not directly aligned to the and become accusto med to left-to-right progression in main target structure of the unit. Engl ish w ritin g. In the last two units they progress a stage further by w riting They achieve this by tracing different types of increasingly simple full senten ces (3 to 4 word se ntences) using pict ure difficult, left-to-right pattern s. prompts and word poo ls. As well as developing chi ldren' sgeneral motor ski lls, these Word writing activities help chi ldren write particular letters (e.g., tracing complex loops for letter e) and prepare them for future letter From Unit 4 children trace and copy words (as detailed in the form atio n (e.g., wave patterns for letters m and w). table above). Learning to write words is a process wh ich is different from lea rning to w rite individua l letters; we should Unit 4 - Unit 6 not expect children to form letters perfectly that have not yet been covered in the Sounds and letters lessons. As children Children learn more single letter and number formation progress through the course and learn to form the letters in th rough tracing, copying and addition exercises: Jj- Rr, 9- /4. more detai l, their handwriting skills w ill progressively improve. Children start tracing vocabu lary words through simple 'Match and trace' or 'Choose and trace' exerci ses. Additional practice They progress by copying the correct w o rd from a model to Family and Friends Starter offers lot s of add itional support label a vocabul ary item (g uid ed word writ ing). to children's w riting deve lo pment. There is letter form ation Children w rite one word to complete a three word sentence practice in the letter form ation grids at the end of the pattern. Picture prompts help children pick the correct word Workbook, as well as more complex handwriti ng practice and write it to complete th e sentence, wh ich is always the in the photocopiable worksheets of the Photocopy Masters target structure of the unit. Book. In addition to th ese, an Alphabet Book is avai lable for the Family and Friends series, w hich provides additional letter recog nition and formation practice. 10 Introduction
  11. Reading Units 7-9 At Units 4-6 At Units 0-3 Starter Unit - Unit 3 (pre-reading) Children read sentences of three to five words, which Children learn letter shapes and in itia l sounds through reflect both the target structure and other types of simple li sten ing and sticker exercises: sounds a-i. sentences. These can be found in both the Story and Sounds and letters lessons of these units. Ch ild ren develop their pre-reading skills and become Children can listen to and read through simpl e dialogues - accustomed to left-to-right progression in English reading. two to three short exc hanges between the course characters They achieve this throug h pre-reading activities such as in each frame. recognisi ng a fragment of a pattern or identifying the odd- one-out. These help ch ild ren differentiate between shapes Sounds and letters and, ultimately, letters and words. Phonics are an important part of the syllabus in Starter level. Th e left-to-right layout of stories in the Class Book and Nearly a third of the course materia l, lessons 3 and 5 of every sequences in the Workbook help in turn with their left-to- unit, is dedicated towards phonics instruction. Initia l sounds right progression. are introduced in alphabetical order, but letter names are introduced later in Family and Friends 1. Unit 4 - Unit 6 Ch ildren learn more lette r shapes and initial sounds through Additional practice listening and sticker exerc ises: soundsj-r. Family and Friends Starter offers lots of additional support Chi ldren begin to recognise words in their written form. to help children's read ing development. There are phonics Sticker activities and word opposites matching activities cards and phonics posters ava ilable in the Teacher's Resource enable children to develop these skills. Pack, as well as more opportunities for reading practice in the photocopiable worksheets of the Photocopy Masters Book. Ch ildren can also associate words with their correspond ing pictures/images through matching activities in the Workbook and Class Book. Chi ld ren recognise sim ple sentence patterns - three to four sentences reflecting the target structure of the unit. They achieve th is via reading exercises in the Story lesson. Unit 7 - Unit 9 Children learn more letter shapes and initial sounds through listening and sticker exercises: sounds s- z. Children are now expected to recognise all new words via sticker activities in the Class Book and more complex activities in the Workbook like crosswords. Introduction 11
  12. Lesson One Words Lesson 1 teaches and practises the new vocabulary set. The children listen and point to the pictures. They then listen again and repeat the words. The children practise the words with a rhythmic chant. This is reinforced with flashcard activities. The children practise saying and identifying the words in the family scene, using the stickers in the book. [iJ ,-';~l~~ld~s.~~Jh~~.'~T··.' th irsty i hungry ~1l'l:1.~1().J Jm .bird f beQ.r 1 hiPPO. crocod ile Itiger ~ [~I:iliISEJ Teaching the words Workbook The ch ildren practise Words recognizing and tracing the • Play the recording and hold up the flashcards. The new words from the lesson. ch ildren repeat the words and po int to the correct pictu re In later un its children practise in t heir Class Books. writing the vocabulary and • Show the flashcards random ly and ask the class to say the doing more extensive word words. You can hide the ca rds beh ind your back. recognition activities. -",::~, ... ~ .. • Teach t he chant. You can ask children to perform actions as t hey chant, for example eating or drinking. "'ei .' . :~ ", ~ - . ~~~ Stickers • Prepare the ch il dren by pointing to the pictu re and asking questio ns such as Who's this? What's this? ~ Ch ildren use the Student MultiROM at home to . • Point to one of the words in the scene and el icit the practi se the words. answer based on the correspond ing image. • En courage the ch il dren to po int to the pictu res and say the words w ith you in chorus. • Show one of the word stickers and stick it on the caption box, saying t he word as you do so. • The children copy and do the same with the remaining stickers in the scene. 2 Introduction
  13. Lesson Two Grammar and song Lesson 2 teaches the grammar points. The children also practise the language with a song and Total Physical Response activities. The children listen to and repeat the ~ 1 Listen and repeat. ~ " grammar structure. 2 Listen and sing. @ " The children learn and sing the song. The children practise the unit's words along with the grammar structure in a speaking ULllVlLU. He'$ happy. Sh",) lutnqry. Unit 5 ' 37 Teaching the grammar and songs Workbook The children further practise Grammar recog nizing and w riting • Teach the grammar through example rather than t he unit's new words. They explanation. Reinforce meaning with actions. then use them in a speaking • Play the recording and have the child ren repeat the words activity. 2 f'o;n(ond 1O~, in chorus. Use the song picture to conso lidate meaning if C; :ftroPfl'l'. ! In later units children lr--' necessary. JMotdI thepp
  14. Lesson Three Sounds and letters Lesson 3 teaches phonics: the relationship between a sound, the letters that form it, and words that conta in it. The children listen to the sound, trace and Lesson Three _ Soun ds and letters _" _ _ ,_:""' ,= ;;".... . ~_~· '~M . '.;..., ·~= ,,;;; ~ point to the letters that form it. They read 1 Listen, t race and point. Repeat. ~ " and repeat words that contain the sound and letters, with the help of phonics cards. The children see these words in sentences and learn a chant. The chant provides targeted pronunciation practice within an engaging context. The children practise recognizing letter shapes using stickers. Then they circle the letters in the context of a sentence to identify what phonies sounds they create. ·Mb§! i "UAMl· 68!§ aN lit The children identify the correct 38 UnitS Mm - m" .......... ,,, letters ,in a grid activity . Teaching phonics Workbook • Introduce t he new sound by showing the class the The children practise recognizing and tracing the letters t hat phonics card. Model the sound a number of times for create the phonics sound(s) . children to repeat. In later units the children write c""t: =,,,,,-= , .~-=,,,,,,, =:_ = . :-~ :-.~~==-= ",,--------, • Introduce the new phon ics words w ith the flashcards and t hese letters on the words. ,,~ recordi ng. • Play t he cha nt to the class. Talk about t he picture to ensu re t he meaning is clear. • Repeat t he chant, t his time asking the chi ldren to clap m . th eir hands (o r perform anothe r actio n) eve ry t ime they A man eats say a word that cont ains the target sound. a mango . • For Exe rcise 4, complete t he first exam pl e as a whole class acti vity. Then encou rage the children to work JJl [)gJk ~!fuil, 1Mw, independ entl y. Fina lly, check t he answers w it h the who le ©© [p)tp @~ ~!i' class. ~ Ch ildren use the Student MultiROM at home to practise t he sou nds and letter shapes. 14 Introduction
  15. Lesson Four Numbers Lesson 4 teaches the two numbers for the unit and their written form. 1 Usten, trace and repeat. i'i& M 2 Point and sing. i'i& ~ The children listen to the number, trqc~ " its form ahd repe(lt. 3 Count and add. T~e children learn and sing a song relating to the numbers and unit vocabulary. he children. use the numbers learned in eiercises such as counting, simple addition I •••• I •••• """. 000 I I and simple subtraction. ID + = d ~ Teaching numbers Workbook • Review the numbers learned so far and introduce the new The children practise ones for this lesson using the audio as a model. recognising and writing the • Practise tracing the numbers with the children in the air numbers from the lesson. first and then on the page. • Repeat the audio and use the actions suggested in the 2R«>dnd_ notes to help count out the effects after each number. , Tw,t~"d 000000000000 2 Hevenhoppy @r • Play and teach the song to the children (please see lesson ) CoIoult ........... bnllnd12. notes on page 13). • For Exercise 3, complete the first example as a whole class activity. Then encourage the children to work independently. Finally, check the answers with the whole class. ~ Children use the Student MultiROM at home to practise the numbers. Introduction 15
  16. Lesson Five Sounds and letters Lesson 5 teaches phonics: the relationship between a sound, the letters that form it, and words that contain it. The children listen to the sound, trace and point to the letters that form it. They read and repeat words that contain the sound and letters, with the help of phonics cards. The children learn a chant. The chant provides targeted pronunciation practice within 2 Listen and chant. c§il u l an engaging context. 3 Stick and say. e Children practise identifying the correct initial sounds for words using stickers. m nom n 0 m n 0 4 Circle the letters Nn and 00. I'm ellie . This is m~ nose and m~ nec k. The children identify the correct I 'm Ollie . This is my octopus . letters in a sentence activity. Teaching phonics Workbook • Introduce the new sound by showi ng the class the The children practise phonics card. Model the sound a number of t imes for recognizing and t racin g the chi ldren to repeat. letters that create the phonics 2 l,outhoeletten""lheWOfd •. sound(s). I'm N,lIi' • Introduce the new pho nics words w ith the flashcards and reco rding. In lat er un its the children write Z This is my neck. This is mY' r.ose. I'm O lli, • Play the chant to the class. Talk about the picture to these lette rs on the words. This is my Mange . ens ure the mean ing is cl ea r. This is my octopus . • Repeat the chant, this time asking the ch ildren to clap Jr.D C~lk [!,,~ [f:;IJUW, ~J]lfu their hands (or perform another action) every ti me they @@ [PiP @t% ~il' say a word that con tains the target so und. • For Exercise 4, complete the first example as a w hole class activity. Th en encourage the children to work ~ Ch ild ren use the Student Mu ltiROM at home to ind ependently. Finally, check the answers w ith the whole practise the sounds and letter shapes. class. 16 Introduction
  17. Lesson Six Story Lesson 6 consolidates children's understanding of the unit vocabulary set and grammatical structure using a story. 1 listen to the story. ~ M 2 Read and soy. The children listen to the story and point to the pictures. structure. The children listen to the story again and produce the language by repeating and then out the story (see page 8). Ccm,oIidQhon: He', /o"ppr- Shes &""9')'. Uni1 S 41 ~ Acting out the stories and teaching the Grammar grammar • Teach the g rammar through example rather than explanation. Reinforce meaning with actions. Story • Play the record ing and have the children repeat the words • Prepare the ch il dren for the story and talk about eac h in chorus. frame w ith the class. Ask simple questi ons such as Who's • Use flashca rds to substitute new words. The ch ild ren this? Where are they? What's this? w ill see how the grammar structu re works with different • Play the recording the whole way thro ugh. w ords. The ch ild ren repeat the new sentences. • Play the reco rdin g again. The ch ildren point to the (From Un it 7, read the grammar examples and w rite t hem pictu res as they hear the text. on the board.) • Teach the written grammar structure and practise reading ~joc:Jiw" aloud w ith the child ren, as a class and individua lly (see Workbook l lOGt,tr«e""" ....ite. ~ SRi! ' 8: " 'G ramma r'section below). The ch ildren practise • Play the record ing. Pause after eac h dialogue for the recognizing and w riting the • ~ hQPp~ chi ldren to repeat. un it grammar structure. • Pleay the record ing again. Thi s time ask child ren to m ime actions as they speak (there are suggested actions in the lesso n notes). Allow the chi ld ren to make suggestions and ,.,. demonstrate the actions. • Divide the class into g roup s, with eac h child having a hoc 2I1eodthe _ _ d ifferent role in the sto ry. Play the record ing. Each child says the lines of his / her assigned cha racter. Encourage child ren t o perform actions as t hey speak. • Repeat without the recordin g, enco uraging the children ~ Children use the Student MultiROM at home to to remember the sent ences. practise the grammar structure. Introduction 17
  18. Saying what you are going do some listening / speaking / colouring / w riting. to do at the beginning of listen and point. Today we're going to .. . a unit, lesson, or activity sing a song. Now we're going to .. . play a game. listen carefully. Showing children how to start like this. We'll . . . do someth ing do it this way. We can .. . point to the ... w hat I mean. I'm going to show you ... w hat to do. Let's do so me together first so you'll see .. . how to do it. Giving instructions for Everybody, .. . stand up, please. moving around and Now everyone, ... come out here to the front please. helping in class I want you t o ... stand bes ide your desks / tab les. (name / names), can you . .. go back to your places. (name / names), would you .. hold this flash card? Giving encouragement Well done, (name) . you're really good at this! and praise That's very good, (name) .. . you know five animal words. Excellent, (name) ... your picture is reall y neat. very nice. very neat work. That's . .. really good. fantastic l Asking for recall of words, show me the cat? Now, who can .. . phrases, and activities te ll me w hat this is? what Billy says? who / w hat this is? Let's see. Can you remember ... what happens next? what happened last time? this? What's . .. his / her name? do the actions and sing the song? see Tim climbing the tree? count the oranges? Can you ... tell me what Rosy says? help me tell the story? remember four things? Encouraging good settle / calm down. behaviour Qu iet everyone, .. . that's good, (name / names). thank you, (name / names). Setting up pai rs and in pa irs / in twos. Are you ready? You're going to do thi s . . groups in small groups. OK, everyone. You're going t o work ... in groups of three / four. play this togethe r. We're going to ... make four groups. share the colouring penci ls. Ending an activity / we're going to stop now. OK, ... a lesson just one more time before we finish. pick up all our th ings. Now let's ... put the flashcards here. 18 Introduction
  19. Words flashcards Phonics cards Rosy Hello Aa apple 2 Tim Hello 2 A Annie 3 Bi lly Hello 3 Bb boy 4 Hello Hello 4 Bb bat 5 Goodbye Hello 5 Cc cat 6 red Colours 6 Cc car 7 green Colours 7 Dd dog 8 blue Colours 8 Dd duck 9 black Colours 9 Ee egg 10 wh ite Colours 10 Ee elephant 11 desk School things 11 Ff fish 12 chair School th ings 12 Ff farm 13 crayon School things 13 Gg girl 14 penci l School thing s 14 Gg guitar 15 notebook School things 15 Hh hat 16 plane Toys 16 Hh horse 17 puppet Toys 17 li insect 18 robot Toys 18 li ill 19 balloon Toys 19 Jj jug 20 teddy Toys 20 Jj juice 21 mum Family 21 Kk key 22 dad Family 22 Kk kanga roo 23 brother Fami ly 23 LI lion 24 sister Family 24 LI lollipop 25 grandma Fa mily 25 Mm man 26 grandpa Family 26 Mm mango 27 happy Feel ings 27 Nn nose 28 sad Feelings 28 Nn neck 29 hung ry Feel in gs 29 00 orange 30 thirsty Feelings 30 00 octopus 31 hot Feelings 31 Pp panda 32 cold Feelings 32 Pp pen 33 bird Zoo anima ls 33 Qq queen 34 bear Zoo anim als 34 Qq quilt 35 hippo Zoo animals 35 Rr river 36 crocod ile Zoo an imals 36 Rr rainbow 37 tiger Zoo animals 37 Ss sofa 38 pupil Jobs 38 Ss sock 39 teacher Jobs 39 Tt towel 40 waiter Jobs 40 Tt turtle 41 vet Jobs 41 Uu umbrella 42 builder Jobs 42 Uu up 43 jumper Clothes 43 Vv violin 44 shi rt Clothes 44 Vv vase 45 jacket Clothes 45 Ww woman 46 hat Clothes 46 Ww wal l 47 belt Clothes 47 Xx box 48 raisins Food and drink 48 Xx fox 49 plums Food and drink 49 Yy yo-yo 50 crisps Food and drink 50 Yy yogurt 51 cakes Food and drink 51 Zz zebra 52 milkshake Food and drink 52 Zz zoo Flashcards and games 19

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