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forensic psychiatry - clinical, legal and ethical issues (2/e): part 1

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forensic psychiatry - clinical, legal and ethical issues (2/e): part 1

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part 1 book “forensic psychiatry - clinical, legal and ethical issues” has contents: criminal and civil law for the psychiatrist in england and wales, mental health and capacity laws including their administering bodies, mental health and capacity laws including their administering bodies, forensic psychiatry and its interfaces outside the uk and ireland,… and other contents.

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Edited by<br /> John Gunn<br /> Pamela J Taylor<br /> <br /> forensic<br /> Psychiatry<br /> clinical, legal and ethical issues<br /> <br /> Second Edition<br /> <br /> Boca Raton London New York<br /> <br /> CRC Press is an imprint of the<br /> Taylor & Francis Group, an informa business<br /> <br /> K17373.indb 1<br /> <br /> 3/31/14 6:16 PM<br /> <br /> CRC Press<br /> Taylor & Francis Group<br /> 6000 Broken Sound Parkway NW, Suite 300<br /> Boca Raton, FL 33487-2742<br /> © 2014 by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC<br /> CRC Press is an imprint of Taylor & Francis Group, an Informa business<br /> No claim to original U.S. Government works<br /> Version Date: 20131004<br /> International Standard Book Number-13: 978-1-4441-6506-7 (eBook - PDF)<br /> This book contains information obtained from authentic and highly regarded sources. While all reasonable efforts have been made to publish reliable data and information, neither the author[s] nor the publisher can accept any legal responsibility or liability for any errors or omissions that<br /> may be made. The publishers wish to make clear that any views or opinions expressed in this book by individual editors, authors or contributors are<br /> personal to them and do not necessarily reflect the views/opinions of the publishers. The information or guidance contained in this book is intended<br /> for use by medical, scientific or health-care professionals and is provided strictly as a supplement to the medical or other professional’s own judgement, their knowledge of the patient’s medical history, relevant manufacturer’s instructions and the appropriate best practice guidelines. Because of<br /> the rapid advances in medical science, any information or advice on dosages, procedures or diagnoses should be independently verified. The reader<br /> is strongly urged to consult the drug companies’ printed instructions, and their websites, before administering any of the drugs recommended in<br /> this book. This book does not indicate whether a particular treatment is appropriate or suitable for a particular individual. Ultimately it is the sole<br /> responsibility of the medical professional to make his or her own professional judgements, so as to advise and treat patients appropriately. The<br /> authors and publishers have also attempted to trace the copyright holders of all material reproduced in this publication and apologize to copyright<br /> holders if permission to publish in this form has not been obtained. If any copyright material has not been acknowledged please write and let us<br /> know so we may rectify in any future reprint.<br /> Except as permitted under U.S. Copyright Law, no part of this book may be reprinted, reproduced, transmitted, or utilized in any form by any electronic, mechanical, or other means, now known or hereafter invented, including photocopying, microfilming, and recording, or in any information<br /> storage or retrieval system, without written permission from the publishers.<br /> For permission to photocopy or use material electronically from this work, please access www.copyright.com (http://www.copyright.com/) or contact the Copyright Clearance Center, Inc. (CCC), 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923, 978-750-8400. CCC is a not-for-profit organization that<br /> provides licenses and registration for a variety of users. For organizations that have been granted a photocopy license by the CCC, a separate system<br /> of payment has been arranged.<br /> Trademark Notice: Product or corporate names may be trademarks or registered trademarks, and are used only for identification and explanation<br /> without intent to infringe.<br /> Visit the Taylor & Francis Web site at<br /> http://www.taylorandfrancis.com<br /> and the CRC Press Web site at<br /> http://www.crcpress.com<br /> <br /> Contents<br /> List of Contributors<br /> ix<br /> Acknowledgementsxxiii<br /> Prefacexxvi<br /> Legislationxxxi<br /> List of Abbreviations<br /> xxxiii<br /> 1 Introduction<br /> Forensic psychiatry<br /> <br /> 1<br /> <br /> A victim-centred approach<br /> <br /> 2<br /> <br /> Context3<br /> Medical language<br /> <br /> 2 <br /> <br /> 3 <br /> <br /> 7<br /> <br /> Achieving the knowledge and skills<br /> <br /> 16<br /> <br /> Further enquiry<br /> <br /> 17<br /> <br /> Criminal and civil law for the psychiatrist in England and Wales<br /> Common law and civil or Roman law<br /> <br /> 18<br /> <br /> European courts<br /> <br /> 20<br /> <br /> Court structure, England and Wales<br /> <br /> 20<br /> <br /> Criminal law in England and Wales<br /> <br /> 20<br /> <br /> Agencies of the law<br /> <br /> 48<br /> <br /> Civil law<br /> <br /> 50<br /> <br /> The Coroner’s court<br /> <br /> 53<br /> <br /> Mental health and capacity laws including their administering bodies<br /> Preamble56<br /> <br /> 4 <br /> <br /> Human rights legislation<br /> <br /> 57<br /> <br /> Historical background<br /> <br /> 57<br /> <br /> Mental capacity<br /> <br /> 60<br /> <br /> Mental Health Act 1983 amended by the Mental Health Act 2007<br /> <br /> 61<br /> <br /> Mental Capacity Act 2005 (MCA)<br /> <br /> 77<br /> <br /> Legal arrangements in the rest of the British Isles and Islands<br /> Preamble86<br /> Scotland87<br /> <br /> 5 <br /> <br /> K17373.indb 3<br /> <br /> Northern Ireland<br /> <br /> 101<br /> <br /> Military law in the United Kingdom<br /> <br /> 103<br /> <br /> Isle of Man<br /> <br /> 105<br /> <br /> Channel Islands<br /> <br /> 105<br /> <br /> Republic of Ireland<br /> <br /> 106<br /> <br /> Concluding comments<br /> <br /> 110<br /> <br /> Forensic psychiatry and its interfaces outside the UK and Ireland<br /> The scope and limits of the comparative approach<br /> <br /> 112<br /> <br /> The scope and limits of this chapter<br /> <br /> 112<br /> <br /> National, subnational and supranational legal structures<br /> <br /> 113<br /> <br /> Controversial issues and shifts in public and professional opinions<br /> <br /> 114<br /> <br /> 3/31/14 6:16 PM<br /> <br /> Contents<br /> Forensic mental health (FMH) services and interventions under criminal and civil law:<br /> Germany and the USA<br /> <br /> 116<br /> <br /> Forensic psychiatric services and interventions under criminal and civil law:<br /> The Nine Nations (SWANZDSAJCS) Study<br /> <br /> 125<br /> <br /> Specialist recognition in europe and swanzdsajcs countries<br /> <br /> 141<br /> <br /> Research in forensic psychiatry, psychology and allied professions<br /> <br /> 143<br /> <br /> Illustrative cases<br /> <br /> 144<br /> <br /> Conclusions146<br /> Further reading<br /> <br /> 6 <br /> <br /> 7 <br /> <br /> 146<br /> <br /> Psychiatric reports for legal purposes in England and Wales<br /> The forum of the court: Background issues<br /> <br /> 148<br /> <br /> Constructing a report<br /> <br /> 153<br /> <br /> The use of reports in criminal proceedings<br /> <br /> 158<br /> <br /> Civil matters<br /> <br /> 165<br /> <br /> Examples of other documents which may be consulted<br /> <br /> 168<br /> <br /> The psychosocial milieu of the offender<br /> Introduction170<br /> Measurement and epidemiology<br /> <br /> 172<br /> <br /> The natural history of offending<br /> <br /> 172<br /> <br /> Factors associated with delinquency and offending<br /> <br /> 173<br /> <br /> Explaining the development of offending<br /> <br /> 179<br /> <br /> Implications for prevention<br /> <br /> 181<br /> <br /> Conclusions184<br /> <br /> 8 Genetic influences on antisocial behaviour, problem substance use and<br /> schizophrenia: evidence from quantitative genetic and molecular<br /> genetic studies<br /> Introduction186<br /> Basic genetics<br /> <br /> 186<br /> <br /> Genetic study<br /> <br /> 187<br /> <br /> The genetics of antisocial behaviour, problem substance use and schizophrenia<br /> <br /> 195<br /> <br /> Conclusions210<br /> <br /> 9 Violence<br /> <br /> 10 <br /> <br /> Theoretical background<br /> <br /> 211<br /> <br /> Violence as a health issue<br /> <br /> 217<br /> <br /> Crimes of violence<br /> <br /> 229<br /> <br /> Disordered and offensive sexual behaviour<br /> Sex offending, sexual deviance and paraphilia<br /> <br /> 244<br /> <br /> Sex offending by females and adolescents<br /> <br /> 252<br /> <br /> Psychiatric questions<br /> <br /> 252<br /> <br /> Risk assessment<br /> <br /> 253<br /> <br /> Sex offender treatment<br /> <br /> 256<br /> <br /> Treatment or control<br /> <br /> 264<br /> <br /> iv<br /> K17373.indb 4<br /> <br /> 3/31/14 6:16 PM<br /> <br /> Contents<br /> <br /> 11 <br /> <br /> The majority of crime: theft, motoring and criminal damage (including arson)<br /> Introduction266<br /> Recording of crime<br /> <br /> 268<br /> <br /> Acquisitive offending<br /> <br /> 269<br /> <br /> Criminal damage<br /> <br /> 272<br /> <br /> Arson272<br /> Motoring offences<br /> <br /> 277<br /> <br /> Overview279<br /> 12 <br /> <br /> 13 <br /> <br /> Disorders of brain structure and function and crime<br /> Expectations and advances: Conceptualization and measurement of brain structure<br /> <br /> 283<br /> <br /> Epilepsy in relation to offending<br /> <br /> 284<br /> <br /> Sleep disorders<br /> <br /> 289<br /> <br /> Amnesia and offending<br /> <br /> 292<br /> <br /> Brain imaging studies as a route to understanding violent and criminal behaviour<br /> <br /> 297<br /> <br /> Serotonergic function in aggressive and impulsive behaviour: Research findings and<br /> treatment implications<br /> <br /> 306<br /> <br /> Implications of current knowledge of brain structure and function for forensic mental<br /> health practice and research<br /> <br /> 312<br /> <br /> Offenders with intellectual disabilities<br /> Clinical and legislative definitions<br /> <br /> 314<br /> <br /> People with intellectual disability detained in secure health service facilities in the UK<br /> <br /> 315<br /> <br /> Crime and people with intellectual disabilities<br /> <br /> 315<br /> <br /> Theories of offending applied to people with intellectual disabilities<br /> <br /> 316<br /> <br /> Offenders with intellectual disabilities and additional diagnoses<br /> <br /> 317<br /> <br /> Genetic disorders, intellectual disability and offending: Genotypes and behavioural phenotypes<br /> <br /> 319<br /> <br /> Alcohol and substance misuse<br /> <br /> 324<br /> <br /> Care pathways for offenders with intellectual disabilities<br /> <br /> 324<br /> <br /> Assessment and treatment of anger and aggression<br /> <br /> 326<br /> <br /> Assessment and treatment of sexually aggressive behaviour among people with<br /> intellectual disability<br /> <br /> 328<br /> <br /> Fire-setting behaviour among people with intellectual disability<br /> <br /> 329<br /> <br /> Assessment and management of risk of offending and/or harm to others among offenders with<br /> intellectual disabilities<br /> <br /> 330<br /> <br /> Legal and ethical considerations in working with offenders with intellectual disabilities<br /> <br /> 331<br /> <br /> Conclusions333<br /> 14 <br /> <br /> Psychosis, violence and crime<br /> Vulnerable to violence and vulnerable to being violent<br /> <br /> 334<br /> <br /> Psychosis and crime: The epidemiology<br /> <br /> 336<br /> <br /> Pathways into violence through psychosis: Distinctive or common to most violent offenders?<br /> <br /> 341<br /> <br /> Psychosis, comorbid mental disorders and violence<br /> <br /> 345<br /> <br /> Clinical characteristics of psychosis associated with violence<br /> <br /> 348<br /> <br /> Environmental factors which may be relevant to violent outcomes among people with<br /> functional psychosis<br /> <br /> 354<br /> <br /> v<br /> K17373.indb 5<br /> <br /> 3/31/14 6:16 PM<br /> <br />
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