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Hatching Simple Mountains

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Hatching Simple Mountains

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  1. HATCHING Brenda Hoddinott F-02 BEGINNER: HATCHING In this lesson, you outline three simple mountains and add shading with hatching. You create the four different values with a 2B pencil, by using a combination of the following two techniques: ƒ Vary the density of the hatching lines by drawing them either far apart or close together. ƒ Vary the pressure used while holding the pencil; you press lightly for the light values and a little harder for darker values. This lesson is divided into the following two parts: ™ SKETCHING THREE MOUNTAINS: You sketch three overlapping mountains beginning with the one that is closest, and working back toward the distant mountain. ™ ADDING SHADING WITH HATCHING: The farther an object recedes into the distance, the lighter in value it seems to become. After shading the sky with a very light value, you then add shading to the mountains with hatching, beginning with the one in the background, and working toward the foreground, making each value progressively darker. This project is recommended for artists and aspiring artists of all ages, as well as home schooling, academic and recreational fine art educators. 6 PAGES – 7 ILLUSTRATIONS Published by Hoddinott Fine Art Publishers, Halifax, NS, Canada, 2005 (Revised 2006)
  2. 2 SKETCHING THREE MOUNTAINS In this section, you sketch three overlapping mountains beginning with the one that is closest, and working back toward the distant mountain and the sky. Overlapping is a technique that gives the illusion of depth in a drawing, and refers to the position of subjects in a composition, when one visually appears to be in front of another (or others). 1. Outline a horizontal rectangle (similar in shape to mine) as your drawing space. A horizontal rectangle is often referred to as a landscape format. Suggested sizes include 2 by 4 inches, or 3 by 6 inches. 2. Sketch the outline of the first mountain. This mountain is in the front, closer to the viewer than the other two. ILLUSTRATION 02-01 The outline begins about three-quarters of the way toward the top of the left side of the rectangle, and meets the lower side approximately three-quarters of the way toward the right. ILLUSTRATION 02-02 3. Outline a second mountain behind the first. Feel free to draw your mountains either more rounded or more jagged. Copyright to all articles, images, text, projects, lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com Web sites http://www.finearteducation.com and http://www.drawspace.com
  3. 3 4. Add a third mountain that appears to be behind the other two. ILLUSTRATION 02-03 ADDING SHADING WITH HATCHING In this section, you begin by shading the sky. Then, you add shading to the mountains with hatching, beginning with the one in the background, and working toward the foreground, making each value progressively darker. This shading process creates a component of perspective known as atmospheric perspective. Atmospheric perspective (sometimes called aerial perspective) refers to the visual depth created by various particles in the atmosphere. The farther an object recedes into the distance, the lighter in value it seems to become, and its edges and forms appear more blurred. Even on a clear day, your ability to see distant objects is decreased by an assortment of atmospheric components, such as minuscule particles of dust and/or pollen and/or tiny droplets of moisture. Your vision becomes even further diminished when the atmosphere is filled with haze, fog, smoke, rain or snow. Even fairly close-up objects can appear out of focus or almost invisible under certain conditions. Shading refers to those parts of a drawing that have values (sometimes called tones), and is used to give the illusion of depth or three-dimensional reality. Hatching is a classical shading technique comprised of sets of lines drawn closely together to give the illusion of various values. Values are the different shades of gray created by varying the density of the lines, and the pressure used in holding the pencil. In this section, you use a 2B pencil to render four different values, by combining two techniques: Vary the density of the hatching lines by drawing them either far apart or close together. Vary the pressure used while holding the pencil; you press lightly for the light values and a little harder for darker values. Copyright to all articles, images, text, projects, lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com Web sites http://www.finearteducation.com and http://www.drawspace.com
  4. 4 5. Press very lightly with your 2B pencil to draw the lightest hatching lines of the sky. The lines are far apart and few in number. ILLUSTRATION 02-04 6. Use an HB pencil to add shading to the mountain in the distance. This mountain needs to be slightly darker than the sky; so, you need to press a little harder on your pencil, and also draw a few more hatching lines. However, keep in mind that the two closer mountains need to be even darker, so be careful not to make this shading too dark. ILLUSTRATION 02-05 Copyright to all articles, images, text, projects, lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com Web sites http://www.finearteducation.com and http://www.drawspace.com
  5. 5 7. Add shading to the second mountain with a 2B pencil. Press a little harder with your pencil, and add lots of hatching lines fairly close together. ILLUSTRATION 02-06 8. Add shading to the mountain in the foreground with a 2B pencil. More lines make up the fourth hatching set, and they are much closer together than in the first three. Also, not much of the white paper is still showing through. ILLUSTRATION 02-07 Copyright to all articles, images, text, projects, lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com Web sites http://www.finearteducation.com and http://www.drawspace.com
  6. 6 BRENDA HODDINOTT - BIOGRAPHY As a self-educated teacher, visual artist, portraitist, forensic artist, and illustrator, Brenda Hoddinott utilizes diverse art media including graphite, technical pen, colored pencil, chalk pastel, charcoal, conté crayon, and oil paints. My philosophy on teaching art is to focus primarily on the enjoyment aspects while gently introducing the technical and academic. Hence, in creating a passion for the subject matter, the quest for knowledge also becomes enjoyable. >Brenda Hoddinott< Born in St. John’s, Newfoundland, Brenda grew up in the small town of Corner Brook. She developed strong technical competencies with a personal commitment to self directed learning, and the aid of assorted “Learn to Draw” books. During Brenda’s twenty-five year career as a self-educated civilian forensic artist, numerous criminal investigation departments have employed Brenda’s skills, including Royal Canadian Mounted Police and municipal police departments. In 1992, Brenda was honored with a commendation from the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, and in 1994, she was awarded a Certificate of Membership from “Forensic Artists International”. Her home-based art career included graphic design, and teaching recreational drawing and painting classes. As supervisor of her community’s recreational art department, Brenda hired and trained teachers, and designed curriculum for several children’s art programs. In 1998, Brenda chose to end her eighteen-year career as an art educator in order to devote more time to writing, drawing, painting, and developing her websites. Drawspace http://www.drawspace.com incorporates her unique style and innovative approach to curriculum development. This site offers downloadable and printable drawing classes for students of all abilities from the age of eight through adult. Students of all ages, levels and abilities have praised the simple step-by-step instructional approach. This site is respected as a resource for fine art educators, home schooling programs, and educational facilities throughout the world. LEARN-TO-DRAW BOOKS BY BRENDA HODDINOTT Drawing for Dummies (2003): Wiley Publishing, Inc., New, York, NY, this 336 page book is available on various websites and in major bookstores internationally. The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Drawing People (2004): Winner of the Alpha-Penguin Book of the Year Award 2004, Alpha - Pearson Education – Macmillan, Indianapolis, IN, this 360 page book is available on various websites and in major bookstores internationally. Copyright to all articles, images, text, projects, lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com Web sites http://www.finearteducation.com and http://www.drawspace.com
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