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Kayla the Koala

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Kayla the Koala

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  1. THE KOALA Brenda Hoddinott C-03 BEGINNER: DRAW WITH LINES This project is designed to help improve your skills at seeing and drawing lines – especially fuzzy lines, which are the foundation for drawing animals with fur. This project is divided into the following three sections: OUTLINING KAYLA’S PROPORTIONS: In this section, your goal is to sketch Kayla’s head, face, and ears on your drawing paper proportionately correct. HATCHING FUZZY OUTLINES: Fuzzy lines are used to outline almost all furry animals. What I call a “fuzzy line” is actually a grouping of short curved lines. When you look at most drawings (especially contour drawings) of fur-coated animals, the perimeter appears to be one raggedy line. However, when you look closely, you can see that the edges of the fur are made up of tons of lines that are curving in various directions, ragged, uneven, and of various lengths and thicknesses. OUTLINING A KOALA’S FACE: In this section, you outline Kayla’s eyes, nose, and mouth with nice neat lines. Suggested drawing supplies include good quality white drawing paper, graphite pencils, kneaded and vinyl erasers and a pencil sharpener 11 PAGES – 18 ILLUSTRATIONS This project is recommended for artists from age 8 to adult, as well as home schooling, academic and recreational fine art educators. Published by Hoddinott Fine Art Publishers, Halifax, NS, Canada – Revised 2006
  2. -2- OUTLINING KAYLA’S PROPORTIONS In this section, your goal is to lightly sketch Kayla’s head, face, and ears on your drawing paper proportionately correct. A sketch is a quickly rendered drawing that illustrates the basic elements of your subject with very few details. Proportion refers to the relationship in size of one component of a drawing to another or others. Pay close attention to the lengths and curves of the various lines which outline the different parts of Kayla. Use an HB pencil, and keep your lines very light so they can be easily erased. ILLUSTRATION 03-01 When drawing an oval or a circle, rotate your paper and look at your shape from different perspectives. Examine its reflection in a mirror to help locate problem areas. 1. Draw a circular-shape to represent Kayla’s head. Leave space on either side for her big fuzzy ears. Shapes are the outward contours or outlines of forms or figures. Basic shapes include circles, ovals, squares, or rectangles. ILLUSTRATION 03-02 2. Sketch a partial circle on each side of her head to mark the locations of her ears. Remember; don’t press too hard with your pencils! Copyright to all articles, images, text, projects, lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com Web sites http://www.finearteducation.com and http://www.drawspace.com
  3. -3- 3. Sketch two small circles, approximately halfway between the top and bottom of her head, to mark the locations of her eyes. ILLUSTRATION 03-03 4. Sketch a circle close to the bottom of her face to mark her snout. ILLUSTRATION 03-04 Copyright to all articles, images, text, projects, lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com Web sites http://www.finearteducation.com and http://www.drawspace.com
  4. -4- 5. Sketch a vertical oval shape, as her nose, extending from the space between the eyes down to the center of the circle that is the snout. Note that the oval (the nose) cuts into the snout. 6. Compare your drawing to mine and fix any areas you’re not happy with. Double check the various spaces, and the lengths and curves of the various lines, which outline the different parts of the sketch. ILLUSTRATION 03-05 HATCHING FUZZY OUTLINES Fuzzy lines are used to outline almost all furry animals. What I call a “fuzzy line” is actually a grouping of several lines of different lengths. Yet, when you look at most drawings (especially outline or contour drawings) of animals, the perimeter appears to be one raggedy line. A contour drawing is a drawing comprised of lines that follow the contours of the edges of various components of a subject and define the outlines of its forms. A quickly sketched contour drawing captures a seated figure and his clothing. The illustrations on the next page show how the edges of fur are actually made up of tons of lines that curve in various directions, and are ragged, uneven, and of assorted lengths and thicknesses. Copyright to all articles, images, text, projects, lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com Web sites http://www.finearteducation.com and http://www.drawspace.com
  5. -5- ILLUSTRATION 03-06 Look at this contour drawing of a dog. Then examine close-up views of the lines that make up the outlines. ILLUSTRATION 03-07 ILLUSTRATION 03-08 ILLUSTRATION 03-09 Copyright to all articles, images, text, projects, lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com Web sites http://www.finearteducation.com and http://www.drawspace.com
  6. -6- 7. Use your kneaded eraser to pat your sketch lines until they are so light that you can barely see them. You can clean your kneaded eraser by stretching and reshaping (also known as “kneading”) it several times until it comes clean. 8. Outline Kayla’s head with short fuzzy hatching lines. As you render each section of fur, watch very closely the different directions in which the lines are drawn. Take your time. ILLUSTRATION 03-10 ILLUSTRATION 03-11 Copyright to all articles, images, text, projects, lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com Web sites http://www.finearteducation.com and http://www.drawspace.com
  7. -7- ILLUSTRATION 03-12 9. Use both long and short fuzzy lines to outline her ears. Take note that the lines are longer along the lower edges of the ears. Longer lines indicate that the fur is longer in these sections. Always place a piece of clean paper under your hand as you draw. Each time you work on a new section, remember to move your paper so it’s always under your hand. This prevents you from smudging your drawing, and protects the paper from the oils in your skin. ILLUSTRATION 03-13 Copyright to all articles, images, text, projects, lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com Web sites http://www.finearteducation.com and http://www.drawspace.com
  8. -8- OUTLINING A KOALA’S FACE In this section, you outline Kayla’s eyes, nose, and mouth with nice neat lines. Keep your pencils sharpened so your lines stay crisp and thin. ILLUSTRATION 03-14 10. Use a freshly sharpened 2B pencil to outline the eyes with neat lines. 11. Draw a tiny circle in the upper left section of each eye, as the highlights. A highlight is the brightest area of an eye where light bounces off its surface. 12. Add a small curved line to the lower inside section of each eye to complete their almond shapes. ILLUSTRATION 03-15 Copyright to all articles, images, text, projects, lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com Web sites http://www.finearteducation.com and http://www.drawspace.com
  9. -9- ILLUSTRATION 03-16 13. Use your 2B pencil to outline the nose. Take note that the nose is wider at the bottom. Also, the lower part is not as rounded as the top section. 14. Add two small comma shapes as Kayla’s nostrils. 15. Outline Kayla’s muzzle as two separate sections, with the top section wider. Take note that the lower section is a simple U-shape. 16. Fill in a small dark section (where the two sections meet) as her mouth. ILLUSTRATION 03-17 Copyright to all articles, images, text, projects, lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com Web sites http://www.finearteducation.com and http://www.drawspace.com
  10. - 10 - 17. Use a 4B or 6B pencil to fill in the circular sections of the eyes. Leave the highlights and the tiny inner section white, to help make the eyes look more realistic and shiny. 18. Erase any sketch lines, fingerprints, or smudges with your kneaded eraser molded to a point (or you can use a sharp edge of your vinyl eraser). ILLUSTRATION 03-18 If you wish you can try drawing some fur on her face and ears. When you are happy with your drawing, sign your name and put today’s date on the back. Copyright to all articles, images, text, projects, lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com Web sites http://www.finearteducation.com and http://www.drawspace.com
  11. - 11 - BRENDA HODDINOTT - BIOGRAPHY As a self-educated teacher, visual artist, portraitist, forensic artist, and illustrator, Brenda Hoddinott utilizes diverse art media including graphite, technical pen, colored pencil, chalk pastel, charcoal, conté crayon, and oil paints. My philosophy on teaching art is to focus primarily on the enjoyment aspects while gently introducing the technical and academic. Hence, in creating a passion for the subject matter, the quest for knowledge also becomes enjoyable. >Brenda Hoddinott< Born in St. John’s, Newfoundland, Brenda grew up in the small town of Corner Brook. She developed strong technical competencies with a personal commitment to self directed learning, and the aid of assorted “Learn to Draw” books. During Brenda’s twenty-five year career as a self-educated civilian forensic artist, numerous criminal investigation departments have employed Brenda’s skills, including Royal Canadian Mounted Police and municipal police departments. In 1992, Brenda was honored with a commendation from the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, and in 1994, she was awarded a Certificate of Membership from “Forensic Artists International”. Her home-based art career included graphic design, and teaching recreational drawing and painting classes. As supervisor of her community’s recreational art department, Brenda hired and trained teachers, and designed curriculum for several children’s art programs. In 1998, Brenda chose to end her eighteen-year career as an art educator in order to devote more time to writing, drawing, painting, and developing her websites. Drawspace http://www.drawspace.com incorporates her unique style and innovative approach to curriculum development. This site offers downloadable and printable drawing classes for students of all abilities from the age of eight through adult. Students of all ages, levels and abilities have praised the simple step-by-step instructional approach. This site is respected as a resource for fine art educators, home schooling programs, and educational facilities throughout the world. LEARN-TO-DRAW BOOKS BY BRENDA HODDINOTT Drawing for Dummies (2003): Wiley Publishing, Inc., New, York, NY, this 336 page book is available on various websites and in major bookstores internationally. The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Drawing People (2004): Winner of the Alpha-Penguin Book of the Year Award 2004, Alpha - Pearson Education – Macmillan, Indianapolis, IN, this 360 page book is available on various websites and in major bookstores internationally. Copyright to all articles, images, text, projects, lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com Web sites http://www.finearteducation.com and http://www.drawspace.com
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