# Module 8: Remote Administration of Shared Folders

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## Module 8: Remote Administration of Shared Folders

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This module provides students with the knowledge and skills that are necessary to monitor and administer shared folders on local and remote computers. The module discusses how to use Computer Management to view a list of all shared folders on a computer and the users who have established active sessions on the computer.

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## Nội dung Text: Module 8: Remote Administration of Shared Folders

1. Module 8: Remote Administration of Shared Folders Contents Overview 1 Introduction to Monitoring Shared Folders 2 Monitoring Access to Shared Folders on Remote Computers 3 Administering Shared Folders on Remote Computers 8 Lab A: Administering Shares on a Remote Computer 16 Review 24 This course is a prerelease course and is based on Microsoft Windows 2000 Beta 3 software. Content in the final release of the course may be different than the content included in this prerelease version. All labs in the course are to be completed using the Beta 3 version of Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server.
3. Module 8: Remote Administration of Shared Folders iii Introduction Presentation: This module provides students with the knowledge and skills that are necessary 60 Minutes to monitor and administer shared folders on local and remote computers. The module discusses how to use Computer Management to view a list of all shared Lab: folders on a computer and the users who have established active sessions on 30 Minutes the computer. The module also explains how to share a folder on a remote computer and modify permissions for it. Finally, the module covers the procedures to send administrative messages to users and disconnect them from sessions and open files on a remote computer. There is one lab in this module. In it, students will access a share on a remote computer and modify its properties. Then, they will change the NTFS file system permissions on a shared folder, disconnect users from a shared folder, and share a folder on a remote computer. Materials and Preparation This section provides you with the materials and preparation needed to teach this module. Materials To teach this module, you need the following materials: !" Microsoft® PowerPoint® file 1556A_08.ppt !" Module 8, “Remote Administration of Shared Folders” Preparation To prepare for this module, you should: !" Read all the materials for this module. Some topics have animated slides that are indicated by an icon in the lower left corner of the slide. These slides require you to click them to play the animation. !" Review the Delivery Tips and Key Points for each section and topic. !" Complete the lab. !" Study the review questions and prepare alternative answers for discussion. !" Anticipate questions that students may ask. Write out the questions and provide answers to them.
4. iv Module 8: Remote Administration of Shared Folders Module Strategy Use the following strategy to present this module: !" Introduction to Monitoring Shared Folders Discuss the importance of monitoring shared resources on local and remote computers in order to maintain the security of the network. Explain how Microsoft Windows® 2000 provides the Computer Management tool for this task. Define the following terms: shares, sessions, and open files. !" Monitoring Access to Shared Folders on Remote Computers Demonstrate the procedure to connect to a remote computer by using the animated slide provided in the topic on connecting to a remote computer. Then demonstrate how to view information on shared folders, sessions, and open files on a remote computer. For each of these tasks, explain the information that is displayed. !" Administering Shared Folders on Remote Computers Discuss the procedures to share a folder on a remote computer and modify permissions to it. Then explain the need to send administrative messages to users after permissions to a shared folder are modified, and demonstrate the procedure to do so. Finally, introduce the reasons for disconnecting users from active sessions. Open files and walk students through the procedures to perform these tasks.
5. Module 8: Remote Administration of Shared Folders v Customization Information This section identifies the lab setup requirements for a module and the configuration changes that occur on the student computers during the labs. This information is provided to assist you in replicating or customizing this module with other Microsoft Official Curriculum (MOC) courseware. Important The labs in this module are also dependent on the classroom configuration that is specified in the Customization Information section at the end of the Classroom Setup Guide for course 1556A, Administering Microsoft Windows 2000. Lab Setup There are no setup requirements for the lab in this module. Lab Results Performing the lab in this module introduces the following configuration change: !" The addition of the MOC\NT1556A\Labfiles\Public shared folder on drive C.
10. Module 8: Remote Administration of Shared Folders 5 Monitoring Shares on a Remote Computer Slide Objective To explain monitoring shared folders on a remote compmgmt - [Computer Management (DENVER)\System Tools\Shared Folders\Shares] computer. Action View Computer Management (DENVER) Shared Folder Shared Path Type # Cli Lead-in System Tools ADMIN$D:\WINNT Windows 0 Windows 2000 provides Performance Logs and Alerts Local Users and Groups C$ C:\ Windows 0 an administrative tool to System Information D$IPC$ D:\ Windows Windows 0 3 monitor shared folders on Services Shared Folders NETLOGON D:\WINNT\SYSVOL\sysvol\… Windows 0 a remote computer. Shares print$D:\WINNT\System32\spool\… Windows 0 Public C:\Public Windows 2 Sessions Open Files SYSVOL D:\WINNT\SYSVOL\sysvol Windows 0 Event Viewer Device Manager Storage Server Applications and Service As the administrator, you have the ability to view all shares on the network, Delivery Tip including hidden shares. This helps you monitor all the shares on the network Open the Shares folder in Computer Management to ensure network security. Also, monitoring the shares helps you to determine when you discuss each item whether any share on a server is being accessed by a large number of users. If in the table. it is, you must take appropriate action to reduce the load on the server. To view information about remote shared folders: 1. Connect to the remote computer on which the remote shared folder is located. 2. In the Computer Management window, expand System Tools, expand Shared Folders, and then click Shares. The details pane displays information on all shares. The following table describes the information available on the shared folders. Column name Description Shared Folder The name given to the folder when it was shared. Shared Path The path to the shared folder. Type The type of network connection used to access the remote computer, either Windows, NetWare or Macintosh. # Client The number of users who have made connections to the shared Redirections folder. Comment Comment about the folder provided when the folder was shared. Note Windows 2000 does not update the list of shares, open files, and user sessions automatically. To update these lists, on the Action menu, click Refresh. 11. 6 Module 8: Remote Administration of Shared Folders Monitoring User Sessions on a Remote Computer Slide Objective To explain how to monitor compmgmt - [Computer Management (DENVER)\System Tools\Shared Folders\Sessions] user sessions on a remote Action View computer. Computer Management (DENVER) User Computer Type Open Files Connected ... Idle Lead-in System Tools Performance Logs and Alerts Judyl LONDON Windows 2 12:05:27 AM 12:0 Use the Sessions folder in Local Users and Groups Computer Management to System Information Services view user sessions on a Shared Folders remote computer. Shares Sessions Sessions Open Files Event Viewer Device Manager Storage Server Applications and Services You can view a list of users who have current network connections to a remote Delivery Tip computer and the files to which they have connections. The Sessions folder in Open the Sessions folder in Computer Management Computer Management displays this information. A single session will exist for when you discuss each item each user connected to a computer regardless of how many shares or files are in the table. being accessed. You can use this information to determine which users you should contact when you need to shut down the server from which the users are accessing files. The following table describes the information that is available in the Sessions folder. Column name Description User The user with a current network connection to the computer. Computer The computer name of the user’s computer. Type The type of network connection used to access the remote computer: Windows, NetWare, or Macintosh. Open Files The number of files that the user has open on the computer. Connected Time The time in hours and minutes that has elapsed since the user established the current session. Idle Time The time that has elapsed since the user last initiated an action. Guest Whether the user connected to the computer using the built-in Guest account. 12. Module 8: Remote Administration of Shared Folders 7 Monitoring Open Files on a Remote Computer Slide Objective To explain monitoring access to open files on a compmgmt - [Computer Management (DENVER)\System Tools\Shared Folders\Open Files] remote computer. Action View Computer Management (DENVER) Open File Accessed By Type # Locks Open Mode Lead-in System Tools Status.doc Judyl Windows 0 Read You can monitor the status Performance Logs and Alerts Local Users and Groups \PIPE\srvsvc Administrator Windows 0 Write+Read of all files that are opened System Information by users on a remote Services Shared Folders computer. Shares Sessions Open Files Files Event Viewer Device Manager Storage Server Applications and Service A shared folder may have a large number of files that are accessed by multiple Delivery Tip users. As an administrator, it is important for you to know which files within a Open the Open Files folder in Computer Management shared folder are accessed most often and the identity of the users accessing when you discuss each item those files. To access information about the users who have opened connections in the table. to each file in a shared folder, you use the Open Files folder in Computer Management. To access information about remote open files: 1. Connect to the remote computer on which the open file is located. 2. Click System Tools, click Shared Folders, and then click Open Files. The details pane displays information on all open files. The following table describes the information available on the open files. Column name Description Open File The name of the open file being accessed. Accessed By The logon name of the user who has the file open. Type The type of network connection used to access the remote computer: Windows, NetWare, or Macintosh. # Locks The number of locks on the file. Applications can request that the operating system lock a file in order to gain exclusive access and prevent other programs from making changes to the file. Open Mode The type of access, such as Read or Write, that the user’s application was granted when the file was opened. 13. 8 Module 8: Remote Administration of Shared Folders # Administering Shared Folders on Remote Computers Slide Objective To explain the tasks involved in administering remote shares. ! Sharing a Folder on a Remote Computer Lead-in ! Modifying Permissions for a Shared Folder on a Remote In this section, you will learn Computer how to share folders and change permissions to ! Sending Administrative Messages to Users shared folders as per administrative needs. ! Disconnecting User Sessions on a Remote Computer ! Disconnecting Users from Open Files on a Remote Computer To provide a location from which multiple users can access information that is Delivery Tip common to everyone, you can put the information in an existing folder and This section explains using Computer Management to share it or create a new folder, put the information in it, and then share it. monitor shared folders. After you create shared folders on a computer, you need to administer them to Prepare students for the ensure that they are being used optimally. The task of administering shared topics by providing the following key points folders includes creating the shared folders, limiting the number of users who information. can connect to the shared folders, modifying permissions to the shared folders, and stopping the folders from being shared when they are no longer required. If you need to take away users’ access rights to a, you can send an e-mail Key Points message to the users and then disconnect them from an open file or end a You can share an existing folder or create a new folder session. and share it. With Windows 2000, you can perform all these administrative tasks for shared folders on both a local and a remote computer. However, you must have the You can modify the default permissions assigned to a appropriate rights to do so. To administer a computer running Windows 2000 shared folder. Professional, you must be a member of the Administrators Domain Local group or the Power Users group. To administer a Windows 2000 Server, you must be After modifying permissions, a member of the Administrators Domain Local group or the Server Operators you can send messages to group. users on the network and then disconnect open files and sessions. 14. Module 8: Remote Administration of Shared Folders 9 Sharing a Folder on a Remote Computer Slide Objective compmgmt - [Computer Management (DENVER)\System Tools\Shared Folders\Shares] Action View To explain how to share a folder on a remote Computer Management (Local) Shared Folder System Tools Shared Path Type # Client Redirec.. access C:\deploy\access Windows 0 computer. Performance Logs and... ADMIN$ C:\WINNT.1 Windows 0 Local Users and Groups Lead-in C$System Information Create Shared Folder Wizard deploy C:\ C:\deploy Windows 0 Windows 3 You can share existing Services Shared Folders Name the Shared Folder and Control Computer Access excel C:\deploy\excel Windows 0 You can control use of the shared folder by naming it appropriately and limiting the folders or create new folders Shares IPC$ operating systems that have access to it. Windows 0 NETLOGON C:\WINNT.1\SYSVOL… Windows 2 to share on a remote Sessions You will share package folder: the following c:\package Windows 0 Open Files \\DENVER\C\$\REPORTS computer. Event Viewer SYSVOL C:\WINNT.1\SYSVOL… Device Manager Type a sharedtemp name thatC:\temp folder will be seen by network users. Storage Name: User Folders C:\User Folders Reports Server Applications and ... word C:\deploy\word Type a a description for the shared folder (optional). Description: Computers running the following operating systems have access to the shared folder: Microsoft Windows Novell NetWare Apple Macintosh < Back Next > Cancel You can use Computer Management to share a folder on a remote computer. Delivery Tip When you use this method, the Full Control shared folder permission is Demonstrate the procedure to share a folder on a automatically assigned to the Everyone group. remote computer. To share a folder: 1. Connect to the remote computer on which the folder to be shared is located. 2. In the Computer Management window, click Shared Folders, right-click Shares, and then on the Shares menu, click New File Share. 3. In the Create Shared Folder wizard, click the name of the folder (if you need to share an existing folder) or specify a name to create a new folder to share, and then click Next. Now you need to set permissions to limit access to the shared folder. 4. To change permissions, select one of the three options that the following table describes, and then click Next. Option Description Keep the current permissions Inherited permissions from the parent folder are retained. Only I have full control, but others The owner is given the Full Control can read files in this folder permission. The Everyone group is given Read Only access. Everyone has access and full control The Everyone group is given Full Control. • To allow permissions inheritance, select the Apply these permissions to all folders and files in this folder check box. • To prevent permissions inheritance, clear the Apply these permissions to all folders and files in this folder check box.